Tuesday, August 30, 2011

History Mystery: Realm of Myths and Legends -9

Cupid: Roman name of Eros, the young and beautiful god of love who inspired physical desire, when his mother Venus grew jealous of PSYCHE fall in love with the ugliest of men, but instead he fell in love with her himself.

Demeter: Greek goddess of corn, agriculture and fruitfulness. PRESEPHONE, her daughter by Zeus, was taken to the underworld by HADES to be his bride. Demeter was so forlorn that she neglected the crops and brought about the first winter. Zeus arranged for Persephone to be returned to her mother, but she had to spend some part of every year underground, when winter would commence again.

Camelot: In British legend, the capital of the kingdom of King Arthur. Cadbury Castle in Somerset, and isolated Iron Age hill fort, is the site most often identified with Camelot. Archaeological evidence confirms that during the 6the century AD the fort was occupied by a powerful British warrior Chieftain. However, local folklore advances alternative sites at Camelfort in Cornwall and Winchester in Hampshire as the original Camelot

Circe: Sorceress in Greek mythology, who turned the followers of Odysseus into swine. Helped by magic herb, Odysseus, Circe persuaded him to stay for a year on her island, before giving him directions to his home in Ithaca.

Excalibur: King Arthur’s magical sword, said to symbolize both destruction and fertility. In one version of the legends of Arthur, the future king proved his right to rule by pulling Excalibur out of a stone, which no other man could do. In another version, he received the sword from the Lady of the Lake- who lived in the middle of a lake. As Arthur lay dying he asked Sir Bedevere, one of his knights, to return Excalibur to the lake, where an arm rose up out of the water to receive it.

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