Showing posts with label Science Mystery. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Science Mystery. Show all posts

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Radiation from Nearby Galaxies Helped Fuel First Monster Black Holes

Galaxy

Presence of Supermassive Blackholes – Confusion of Astronomers

The presence of supermassive black holes towards the beginning of the creation has given rise to confusion to astronomers from the time of their discovery, more than a decade back. A supermassive black hole is considered to be formed over billions of years, though more than two dozen of these behemoths have been seen within 800 million years of the Big Bang 13.8 billion of years ago.

A team of researchers from Dublin City University, Georgia Tech, Columbia University as well as the University of Helsinki, in their new study in the journal `Nature Astronomy’, showed signs of one concept on how these antique black holes which seemed to be around billion times heavier than the sun could be formed and seemed to put on weight rapidly.

The researchers showed that a black hole could swiftly develop towards the core of its host galaxy if an adjoining galaxy and seemed to emit sufficient radiation to switch off its capability to form stars. Hence restricted, the host galaxy is inclined to cultivate till it ultimately collapses, forming a black hole which feeds on the left over gas, and later, dust, dying stars, and perhaps other black holes, that become great colossal.
  

Collapse of Galaxy/Formation of a Million-solar-mass BlackHole


According to co-author, Zoltan Haiman, an astronomy professor at Columbia University commented that the collapse of the galaxy and the formation of a million-solar-mass black hole took around 100,000 years — a glitch in planetary times and a few hundred million years later, it had grown into a billion-solar-mass supermassive black hole.

This seemed to be much quicker than expected. Stars and galaxies in the early creation had been formed as molecular hydrogen cooled and flattened to primordial plasma of hydrogen and helium. This environment had limited black holes from growing very big since molecular hydrogen would turn gas into stars adequately far away to escape the black holes, gravitational pull.

Astronomers had come up with a number of methods that supermassive black holes could have overcome this obstacle. Haiman together with his colleagues, in their 2008 research had hypothesized that radiation from a considerable nearest galaxy could divide molecular hydrogen into a atomic hydrogen causing the nascent black hole together with its host galaxy to collapse instead of spawning new clusters of stars.

Research - Effects of Gravity/Fluid/Dynamics/Chemistry/Radiation

A study after this, headed by Eli Visbal a postdoctoral researcher a Columbia then had summed that the nearby galaxy could have been around 100 million times much bigger than the sun to emit adequate radiation in order to stop star formation.

 However, being comparatively rare, adequate galaxies of this size seemed to exist in the initial creation to describe the supermassive black holes witnessed so far. Presently the study, headed by John Regan, a postdoctoral researcher at Ireland’s Dublin City University, had displayed the procedure utilising software established by Columbia’s Greg Bryan wherein his study comprised of the effects of gravity, fluid dynamics, chemistry as well as radiation.

 Few days subsequently of crunching the numbers on a processer, the researchers established that the adjoining galaxy could have been smaller as well as closer than earlier assessed. A study co-author John Wise, the Dunn Family Associate Professor in Georgia Tech’s College of Physics, had commented that the nearby galaxy could not be too close, or too far away, and similar to the Goldilocks principle, excessively hot or cold.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Science Fiction Style Artificial Island to be Built in North Sea

Artificial Island
The world is in fear that the natural resources may come to an end in the next fifty years. For this, we need to use the renewable energy for completing our needs. With the world heavily dependent on the technology, a recent news has stated that an artificial island would be built in the North Sea, which is near to the coast of England. The island is supposed to be a home for millions and would have everything ranging from airport to fuel supply.

THE PLAN

The concept of artificial island is a quite surprise for the common mass as they are used to watch this in the sci-fi movies. But when this is taking place in reality, this is really exceptional. The island is supposed to be built in the large sandbank of Dogger Bank which is 62 miles off the east coast. The island will be fitted with windmills which can supply lots of power to the Northern countries of Europe such as Britain, Denmark, Germany, Dutch to name a few. The wind turbines can help to compensate the power supply in these European countries.

THE PROJECT

The project will be signed on 23rd of this month. The Danish farm named Energinet.dk is taking the responsibility to make this project come true of constructing the famous artificial island in the real world. This will be an incredible step towards the power supply in the years to come for many countries. The German farm is jointly working with the Dutch farm to make this happen. Once the electricity is generated from the wind turbines in the fake island, this can be supplied to different homes in and around Europe.

THE RENEWABLE ENERGY

The world is currently facing the threat of the extinction of the natural resources which in a way can put the lives of human lives in grave danger. For this, the Dutch farm and the German farm are trying their best to expand the power supply chain in the cross border countries. They have great experiences in the on-shore wind energy. So they are trying to explore what has not been done earlier by building a artificial island with huge number of wind turbines which can produce tons of electricity and light up millions of homes and industries in the Northern countries of Europe.

THE FUTURE

The artificial island has the perfect location and the environment for the production of electricity. Well, the Transmission System Operators are the leading members for this project and it is quite obvious they are the best suited. They would work with other Dutch colleagues in the most efficient manner so that the project gets completed at the earliest. The future is quite bright with the completion of the project. This is a great step towards saving the resources as well using the technology which will serve as a benefit for numerous countries. The power bank artificial islandwill surely going to be source of light for millions of people.

Friday, March 24, 2017

Archaeologists Uncover Ancient Egyptian Temple

Egyptian

Statues Discovered – Egyptian War Goddess

Around 66 statues have been discovered of an Egyptian war goddess that was believed to have warded off evil from the temple of Amenhotep III. The reign of Amenhotep III is said to have been from 1386 to 1349 BC and is considered as the peak of the prosperity, power and splendour of Egypt. It was surprising for the German scientist to locate the statues of Sekhmet goddess together with one of King Amenhotep III from a stunning black granite statue seated at a throne, at the time of restoration project in Luxor the location of the ancient city of Thebes.

 It had been located in the great court of the temple situated towards the west bank of the city of Luxor. These statues had been discovered while they were hunting for a temple wall which separated the two sites. Sekhmet known as `the powerful one ‘ is said to be the daughter of Egyptian sun god Ra and considered to ward off evil as well as ill health. She had great influence on the Egyptians so much so that when Amenemhat I, the first pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty had moved the capital of Egypt to Itjtawy, her spiritual centre also followed.

Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project

Some of her statues portray her in a standing position, holding the symbol of life – a sceptre which is prepared of papyrus. As per the Ministry of Antiquities, the Egyptian German archaeological mission who had been functioning in Luxor, on the temple of King Amenhotep III, directed by German Egyptologist Hourig Sourouzian, had excavated 66 statues together with fragments of statues for Sekhmet.Hourig Sourouzian director of the Colossi of Memnon as well as Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project had commented saying that it was a masterpiece of ancient Egyptian sculpture, which was well carved and precisely polished.
Egyptian


The statue is said to portray the king as a young man and is presumed to have been custom-built at the time of his reign. As per historians, Pharaoh Amenhotep III was appointed a king at the tender age of 12 when he had inherited the empire which spanned from Euphrates to Sudan. As part of government restoration project that had started in 1998, his temple is being rebuilt and preserved.

Huge Construction of Architectural Prowess

Recently numerous unbelievable findings have come to light from his reign comprising of chilling finds in a 3,600 year old tomb.The undertaker's temple of Amenhotep III had been built between 1390 and 1353 BC in order to pay homage to the New Kingdom Pharaoh after his death. It had been a huge construction of architectural prowess which measured 100 metres wide by 600 metres in length and could have had several statues similar to the ones discovered signifying the king though also of sphinxes and gods.

The temple complex however had been built too close to the Nile where frequent flooding had caused plenty of damage. In 27 BC an earthquake and pillaging of stone together with sculptures for reuse in other structures had concluded the destruction. Towards the end of the 20th century, one thing only seemed to remain intact from the original structure which was the Colossi of Memnon, the two large statues that weighed about 720 tons, seated on thrones.

 The black granite statue which had been discovered by the team is said to be identical like another one found earlier in 2009. It is now on display at the Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Man May be Able to Survive on Mars

Mars
Survival is a tough job, no matter you analyze it from whichever perspective. From time immemorial scientists have carried several expeditions on the Fourth planet of the solar family. The evidence of water has germinated the whole crux behind the possibility of sustaining life on Mars.

The scientists have derived an extra element that adds to the idea of sustenance of life on the planet, Mars. The researchers have said that it is difficult to study the mantle of Mars, but they are trying to delve into the matter and make the mars’ mantle as familiar as that of Earth. So that life can exist much easily there. The researchers have said that the mars’ mantle is similar to that of Earth’s and it is not as complicated as it was expected to be.

The scientists have discovered Elysium, which is a magnanimous complex of Volcano on Mars, and is known for being the second largest Olympic Mons and rises to the length of almost 16 km. They have also discovered that the lava that flows round Elysium does persist having an primary mantle that dissolves at dissimilar temperatures as the surface rises differently across time. Researches have revealed that the fourth planet is utterly a much complicated planet in terms of geological evolution than it was expected. Perhaps the change in the surface that takes place due to the rise of volcano is the reason behind several effects of loading.

The entire research was led by David Susko said, who is a researcher at LSU Geology and Geophysics graduate. He said that Mars is more like Earth than like Moon. The expedition that was carried on Moon have revealed the fact that Moon lacks all the subordinate minerals that is vital for the sustenance of life which is present on Earth as a result of igneous-water contacts and weathering. We had witnessed Mars just like Moon that is lifeless, loaded with craters with several inactive volcanoes.

Mars is known as the red Planet and the more we dive into its several folds; we can find that it can sustain life and this planet is not at all identical to the Moon. Research is still being carried on in this field to figure out several more proofs that supports the idea of existence of life on Mars. Varieties of rocks have been discovered that has many geochemical compositions that ensure the fact that human population can exist on the fourth planet of the solar system.

Susko have confirmed that the features of volcano that are present on Mars are reported to be in the range of 3-4 billion years old. He also said that if they could trace the history of this volcano then they can easily figure out which rich ores and minerals are present on Mars that can be beneficial to support life on this planet. Such researches tend to claim that life can be possible on Mars with all the basic amenities.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

3D Scanning Reveals Robert the Bruce Scottish King had Leprosy

Robert the Bruce
700 Year Old Face - Amazing Images Revealed – 3D Scans

For the first time in 700 years, the face of a heroic Scottish King has come up from the shadows wherein scientist have utilised 3D scans on the skull of Robert Bruce in creating amazing images which could have been of those during his time in power in Scotland in the 14th century.

One of the images portrays the king in his prime as a enormous and influential male having well-built neck with stocky frame while another displays that he could have had some weakness with indications of leprosy that had disfigured his upper jaw and nose. Robert Bruce was around 55 years of age and reigned from 1306 till his death In 1314, he had been at war to bring down his Scottish rivals together with the English regime in Scotland terminating in the battle of Bannockburn.

His new images had been developed in collaboration between historians from the University of Glasgow together with craniofacial experts from Liverpool John Moores University – (LJMU). The Director of LJMU’s Face Lab and a world renowned craniofacial identification expert, Professor Caroline Wilkinson had supported the facials reconstruction by undertaking a 3D scan of what was assumed to be his skull.

3D Reproduction Process –stereo-lithography

It is believed that the skull had been unearthed between 1818 and 1819 from Dunfermline Abbey in Fife and the facial structure of the king had been generated by utilising the process of a 3D reproduction which is known as `stereo-lithography’.

No trustworthy photographic illustrations of Bruce had been made during his time and written accounts do not convey anything regarding his appearance. Professor Wilkinson, who had been responsible for the facial reconstruction of Richard III, stated that on utilising the cast of the skull, they could precisely create the formation of the muscle from the positions of bones of the skull in defining the structure and the shape of the face.

He further added that the reconstruction could not portray the colour of his eyes, the tone of his skin as well as the colour of his hair. Two versions had been produced, one without leprosy and another one with a mild sign of leprosy. He added that he could have had leprosy though if he did it would probably be that it did not manifest strongly on his face, since this had not been documented.

Indications of Leprosy

According to researchers an image had portrayed him with a large and powerful male head which had been supported by a muscular neck together with stocky frame and showed him as a privileged person who could have relished the benefits of an excellent diet. The researchers further stated that his physique could have prepared him for the ruthless burdens of feudal warfare.However, he could also be having indications of leprosy, which had disfigured his upper jaw and nose wherein the researchers had created another version accounting for the same. This was so because the historians were of the belief that Bruce had suffered due to the disease that had affected him many time at the time of his reign which has probably ended in his death. In 1327 for instance, he was said to be so frail and he could only move his tongue.

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Gravity Waves On Venus Sparks Interest As Researchers Weigh In

Venus
Venus might be the closest look-alike to Earth we can get in our Solar system. It is likely dubbed as Earth’s sister planet due its similar size, mass, proximity to the Sun and composition. But that’s not why it has caught the eyes of scientists from all over the world. Huge waves have been spotted over the Venus atmosphere and what’s more mysterious is that these patches are stationary even though the clouds in the Venus atmosphere moves 100 meters per second.

What could be causing these unnatural patches? 

Since its discovery scientists and researchers have come forward with theories and the most plausible among them relates to the phenomenon widely observed on Earth and named as “Gravity waves”. These waves stretching over 6200 miles were created in the atmosphere just above the mountains by gravitational pull from the mountains as they flew over them. This would be a first time that these waves are observed on a planet.

What are Gravity waves? 

Gravity wave is an atmospheric phenomenon commonly seen on Earth surface that is laid with mountains. Roughly speaking they are formed when air ripples over rough and bumpy surfaces. The waves then move upwards and grow larger and larger in amplitude until they break just below the top of the clouds. It is speculated that the tall mountains over the Venus surface serve as a key factor in creating these giant gravity waves. Though the mechanism of the wave formation between Earth and Venus are quite different, the underlying principle remains intact. This feature which denotes atmospheric flow over the mountains should not be confused with “gravitation wave” which are time ripples in early universe.

These baffling spots were taken by Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Akatsuki Spacecraft as it entered the Venus orbit in late 2015. Researchers from Rikko University in Tokyo studied these waves and published their research in the Natural Geoscience Journal this year. These stationary waves lasted for quite some time in the Venus Atmosphere and were seen between December 7 and 11. Researchers added that the most interesting and unique feature of this phenomenon was it being stationary and remaining at that exact same geographical spot despite the super rotation of the Venus atmosphere at speeds more than 100 meters.

Friday, January 27, 2017

Grieving Mother Sees the Ghost of Her Young Daughter in a Snapchat Photo

 
Ghost
A grieving mother was reported to having spotted the spirit of her daughter in a snapchat picture that was clicked by her son and sent to his friend.

Patricia Winchester a 44 year old office manager and a mother was freaked out when she saw a hazy figure flying over the picture sent by her 13 year old son Hunter Bound. Hunter Bound had shared a snapchat selfie with his friend and it was not until a week that his friend had replied him back with a circle around the figure and asking him what was it.

Hunter had freaked out at the mention of the same and could not understand what it was. The picture had scared him and let him to go to his mom and share the fear with her. As soon as Winchester was shown the picture she knew it was Adrianna her little daughter who had passed away at the age of 5 in the year 2006. Winchester had understood that Hunter was terrified and he even refused to sleep in that room.

Winchester reports that there had been earlier situations too when they had spotted the same figure in their house and sometimes an unknown presence near them which had left them question many things. Winchester shared an image of her daughter in white dress spotting the same look as that which can be made out from the eerie figure in the picture and she earnestly believes that it is her daughter.

Ghost_1


She says that it is not the first time that such incident has been reported. They have come across the situation a lot many times before. There have been situations where Hunter had told her that he felt something around and didn’t really know what it was. After Adrianna passed there was a time when they were standing outside the house and Hunter and the Dog had both been pointing upwards in recognition of something. The dog kept barking and Hunter did notice something which they were not able to make out of.

In 2013, when Winchester’s dad passed away, Adrianna did pay a visit to him. Winchester’s nephew and Hunter had been in her father’s room just before he died and they had seen their grandfather call Anna’s name and look up as if he could see her. Other times there have been situations where in some pictures there have been hazy figures sported and also the times when Adrianna’s pictures were moved from the shelf to the floor all by itself without having anyone in the house.

The activities have grown larger now and Winchester believes that she wants to seek answers for all of the acts. She believes that she wants to know of the presence and also acknowledge if she really is surrounded by her daughter’s presence. Probably the help of some paranormal expert would bring respite and solve the mysteries to calm Hunter down and also solve the mystery. And as Winchester never talks about her daughter, it is time for her to do the talking and seek the answers!

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Plans for World First Floating City unveiled

 
Floating City
The time has come to unveil the first floating city in the world that is all set to appear on the off shore of the island of Tahiti in Pacific Ocean.

In a deal between the government of French Polynesia and SeaSteading Institute the construction work has been finalized. The plan is backed by the founder of PayPal, Peter Thiel and is all set to go under construction in 2 years. Although it looks like a bit ambitious and a much larger project but the planning has been going on since 5 years now for a permanent and innovative community floating at sea.

The Seasteading Institute that is based in California is of the view that building up the first floating city is the first step towards making the eight great moral imperatives. The experiments are done on the floating landscapes and new ideas are being tested on the issues like feeding hungry, curing the sick and even maintaining a clean and green atmosphere.

The government has marked an approval on the project based on the proving of the two facts i.e.

  • The project will benefit the local economy 
  • The project is proven to be environmental friendly
The project needs additional approval by the local government and France which is the owner of the territory. The SeaSteading institute executive director Randolph Hencken says that the Institute is trying to bring in societal choice along with trying building up things that hasn’t been tried before. They don’t want to go building the city from the scratch and chosen shelter waters to make the most of it. Draft of the plan and legislation is planned to be drawn next year along with the project construction that shall start in 2019.

The floating city island is said to be built on a network of 11 rectangular five sided platforms of about 50 x 50 metres to arrange the city style according to the resident’s needs. With three storied buildings to be made in the form of apartments, the floating city is said to include aquaculture farms, medical research facilities, energy powerhouses, and healthcare systems. The first lot of people residing in the floating city will be limited to about 250 to 300 people.

The floating city although planned to be autonomous is said to have brief connection with nations and have the political independence too. The dream that was started with prospects of using the International shelter for building city was preferred to be made off the coast to facilitate the residents to go on shore and acquire shelter in times of need if the situation be.

It is also believed that building an autonomous sea stead floating city will give the people ample vision to grow and bring a change in the social, environmental and political events that influence them. They will be more open towards innovation, technology, choice of government and sustainable growth. Predicted to cost around $15 million for each platform which is around the same cost as that of a land in London or New York, the overall cost of the floating city is estimated to be $167 million.

The project is said to change the course of living, vision and the way of the fundamental level of the government.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Planet Nine could be a 'Rogue World' Captured from another Solar System


ninth planet
Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC)
What is there in the space? Is there really any evidence of solar system and its eight planets, as suggested by Science Text books? The world out there has always remained mysterious for us and we have believed everything what we were told by our teachers and text books. We know that many researches have been carried off till date by some renowned Astronauts but the most recent discovery involves the unveiling of the mystery behind the ninth planet of the solar system. Contemporary researches have heralded the ninth planet as a ‘fake planet’. The researches at New Mexico State University have concluded that it is no less than a rogue planet that was once counted as a part of our solar system.

It is an accepted fact that the ninth planet is no way a planet as it does not comprise of the qualities of a planet. Further researches have confirmed that this unidentified object is disturbing the orbits of icy objects. Facts also claim that the reason behind why the entire solar system is tilted is because of this rogue object.

The Scientists and Astronomers believes that the number of bodies and its orbits present there in the space as parts of solar system have been disturbed by the pull of this unidentified object. The Scientists have claimed that the Ninth Planet is approximately four times the size of our planet Earth and ten times its mass. From this we can understand that the force this unidentified planet can put in will definitely be able to disrupt the number of orbits.

This Planet Nine is said to have been relying on the gravitational pull it projects on the other objects. The Astronomers are worried that if this scenario persists then the doomsday for the Earth is very near.

Vesper and his mentor Paul Mason who is a professor of math and physical science ventured out for several encounters between our solar system and the rogue planet and have discovered that there are several planets or unidentified objects on the space and the ninth planet is also one of them. He said that these kind of rogue planets are abundant in number in the Galaxy. They have been suggested to even outnumber the stars that too by a huge difference and may also be a part of the dark matter in the galaxy as a resultant of circumbinary formation of planet. It has been concluded that if the number of such unidentified objects is so far reaching then the presence of this fake planet is acceptable.

However, there have been more than 40 encounters, but the rogue would finally come to an end after being captured by the solar system. Thus, the presence of this unidentified object in the Galaxy has turn out to be the matter of research for several Scientists and Astronomers which in near future will lead to an imperative discovery that will add a new dimension to that imaginative world and its objects.

Radio Signals Traced to Galaxy Billions of Light Years Away


radio signals form galaxy
The search for the extra territorial life isn’t new and it has been theme of a number of science fiction literature. The common theme showcased in discovering the life in space is to send or receive radio signals back from life far away in the galaxy. Over the years of extensive research astronomers are confident enough to pinpoint a number of fast radio signals burst which in coming from the deep space. Radio signals happens to be the best or most sophisticated way of sending information about our planet and to get relatively quick response if it is intercepted from someone lurking in the space. Now scientists and astronomers are confirming that they had received some radio signals from the planets billion light years away from Earth.

The signals from deeper space

The radio signal bursts emerged from the space is extremely short lived which blasts nothing more than a millisecond. This makes it extremely difficult to track and process even given the current scientific and technologies tools but scientists of hopeful of making progress in near future. Scientists are making use of Very Large Array present in New Mexico which is specifically a multi-antenna telescope. This telescope will help in determining the precise location of the radio signal flash.

This group of scientists originated from the McGill University in Montreal and Cornell University in New York. They had already published the finding in the reputed science journal called Nature. They had also presented the very same finding at the annual conference of American Astronomical Society in Texas which left everyone spellbound with the success made by the team. The approximate location of the emerging radio signal bursts has been named as FRB 121102 by the scientists.

On the path to success

FRB 121102 is being studied over six months by the scientists and it has helped in pinpointing its exact position in the galaxy. One of the scientists associated with this research at Cornell University named Dr. Shami Chatterjee has stated that the radio flashes coming from this location is emitting huge amount of energy which is visible even from 3 billion light years, though the reason behind these bursts is mystery for the scientists to unravel.

It has been speculated by the scientists that the burst is a result of jets of matters shooting out of a black hole. Such instances has been seen in the past where an exploding backhole can appear like shiny object in the galaxy with the ability to been billions of light years away. While some scientists believe it to a magnetar closed surrounded with wide amount of debris from a stellar explosion. Since 2007about 18 FRB has been discovered by the astronomers and scientists. FRB 121102 is unique as it is continuously showing bright bursts along with weaker radio emissions coming from its region. If their finding brings some more details regarding the burst of radio signals then they will move further towards uncovering the presence of life in the space.

Saturday, January 14, 2017

UFO Hunters Claim to Have Found a MARBLE on Mars

MARBLE on Mars
 Scientists and Astronauts are still trying to figure out whether life can be possible on Mars or not as several instances have been found that suggests that life can exist on this fourth planet of the universe. Recent discoveries have propounded that instinct of a small marble is found on the ground of Mars. This new discovery has added new dimensions both veiling and unveiling new concepts and theories towards the research to locate life on the Mars.

The Mars Rover Curiosity have recently taken pictures that depicts the presence of a small unknown element lying amon
gst the known red dusty soil and coarse rocks. Some scientist claims it to be a marble, but the most acceptable justification is that it is none other than the Spherule present in Mars, which most obviously is understood to come into formation when the volcanoes discharge molten magma rock into the atmosphere.

On 20th December 2016 a black and white picture was captured that denotes the same ball like figure on the previous place, which suggest that it not has been removed from its place due the action of some weathering agent and also portrays that the previous picture that was taken was not wrong. However, some changes were found as the surrounding of that dark, small object was found to be covered with rocks and dust.
MARBLE on Mars_2

This current picture of Mars was initiated by Nasa’s Curiosity Rover, which has been trying to unfold the reality of this fourth planet discovering new foundations related to the surface of Mars since 2011 using highly advanced technologies and cameras.

The images captured till date claims this unidentified object as none other than a Spherule that is more likely to be present on Martian ground.

Several theories have come up related to this unknown object which should be considered before reaching to a conclusion that when molten magma rock was sprayed from the volcanoes due to utmost pressure from the interiority of the earth or from the meteors present in the atmosphere was delivered into the real world perhaps there long time measure was the formation of these spherules or marble like small and dark objects. Some other suggests that these Spherules were formed when the groundwater was ejaculated through porous rocks leading to a chemical reaction that would form these small balls precipitated from iron minerals.

MARBLE on Mars_3
Most favorably the scientists have addressed it as a Martian Spherule instead of considering it as a marble or life sustaining object. To this the question arises what is this Martian Spherule? The scientists have also found an answer to this as it can also be referred to as Blueberries because of the presence of a bluish tinge. This theory regarding Mars was discovered in 2004.

Many expeditions have been carried to reveal the truth behind the most ambiguous planet. But, still no concrete grounds have been prepared on which any conclusion can be forged. Just like the dilemma behind the truth of this censored object detected on Mars.

Sunday, January 1, 2017

Could We Live Inside The Moon?

Moon

Lava Tubes – Offer Shelter for Long-Lasting Lunar Base


According to a study of networks of lava tubes that tend to twist beneath the lunar surface proposes that they could be much bigger and stable than otherwise presumed. As per researchers displaying the tunnels which has been left from volcanic activity during the moon’s early life, are of the belief that they could probably be up to three miles wide, which has raised the hope for underground bases.

The lava tubes that have been discovered in Iceland and Hawaii tend to be massive tunnels that have been engraved out of the rock due to flowing lava. Some of the geologists are of the opinion that they have been created from steams of magma that ran dry, leaving the channels through the solid rocks.

Scientist are certain that the same structures would probably be located under the lunar surface depending on minute gravitational changes as well as images of openings of caves collected from lunar orbiteers. Should the lava tubes found tend to be stable, they could offer shelter for long-lasting lunar base which would be beneficial in overcoming issues regarding potential hazards envisaged by a base on the surface, inclusive of the risk of meteorites together with the increased solar radiation owing to the lack of protective atmosphere.

Structurally Stable


Researchers from Purdue University in Indiana utilised computer modelling procedures in analysing how huge these tunnels could probably grow. The conditions, on Earth would mean that the tubes tend to be frequently limited to 30 metres across though the gravitational evidence recommends on the moon could be much larger.

With the use of estimates of rock density from moon rock samples, it was presumed that the width of the tubes could be trice the time wider than their height. The conclusion revealed that the stability was based on the width of the tube, the thickness of the roof as well as the physical stress on the rock.

The researchers had explained in a paper to be published in the journal Icarus that if adequately deep, the conditions of the lunar could probably generate caverns of kilometres wide. They further explained that `the theoretical maximum size of a lunar lava tube depends on various factors, though given sufficient burial depth (500 m) and an initial lithostatic stress state, the results indicate that the lava tubes up to 3 miles (5 km) wide could be capable of remaining structurally stable’.

Lunar Base – Twice a Commercial Mining Base


The evaluations surpasses the earlier sizes placed forward by the group during the 2015 conference which had indicated that the tubes 0.6 miles (1 km) in diameter would be adequately stable in housing permanent bases below the surfaces. NASA scientists, earlier in the year had calculated that there was a possibility of returning to the surface of the moon within the next five to seven years at a total cost of around $10 billion.

In sequences of paper the experts of spaceflight had debated the costs of building lunar bases would be much less than anticipated with a substantial commercial value there. They state that a lunar base could be twice a commercial mining base enabling the resources of the moon to be exploited. According to the evidence, it indicates that the moon could be a rich source of water ice, rare metals together with rare isotope of helium.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Watch the Earth Change before Your Eyes

Earth

Landscapes/Features of Earth Undergone Dramatic Change


Several of the landscapes and features of the Earth have undergone a dramatic change since 1984. Google has made its prime update to Time-lapse with addition of four years of imagery, big amounts of new data together with a sharper view of the Earth from 1984 to 2016.

Latest images by Google’s Time-lapse application portrays how the features comprising of Alaska’s Columbia glacier and Dubai’s extensive cityscape tend to have drastically progressed in the last 32 years. Its Time-lapse visualisation of Earth, had first been released by Google in 2013, offering the most comprehensive image of our changing planet, made available to the public.

The communicating time-lapse experience permits people in exploring changes to the surface of the Earth like never before from observing the sprouting of Las Vegas strip to the retreat of Alaska’s Columbia glacier. Moreover, it enables user in exploring a variety of compelling locations much further than 1984. For instance, in London, one can make out the progress of the City Airport and the Olympic stadium in Stratford. On zooming in on the Aral Sea it portrays how it has been drying since the 1960s owing to Soviet irrigation programmes.

New Time-lapse Show Sharper View of Planet


If the date is moved to 2007, the volume of the Aral Sea seems to be reduced to about 10% of its original size. For the time being, over the past three decades, Alaska’s Columbia Glacier is observed to have retreated over 12 miles.Another city which has undergone drastic changes since 1984 is New York.

 In comparison to 1984 to 2016, it shows how much progress has been made around the Central Park area and Brooklyn. Programme Manager at Google Earth Engine, Chris Herwig, had commented that `in leveraging the same techniques were used in improving Google Maps and Google Earth back in June, the new Time-lapse showed a sharper view of our planet, with truer colours and less distracting artefacts’.

He further informed that using Google Earth Engine, they had combined over 5,000,000 satellite images, approximately 4 petabytes of data in creating 33 images of the complete planet, one for each year. He added that for the latest update, they had access to more images from the past due to the Landsat Global Archive Consolidation Program together with fresh images from two new satellites, namely Landsat 8 and Sentinel-2.

USGS/NASA - Landsat


The 33 new terapixel global images were then encoded into just over 25,000,000 overlapping multi-resolution video tiles, making interactively explorable by Carnegie Mellon CREATE Lab’s Time Machine library, which is a technology in creating and inspecting zoomable as well as pannable time-lapses over space and time.

In order to explore the feature, one could type in the name of a place in the search bar and move the timeline towards the bottom in opting for the year one would prefer to view. Images had been initially collected as part of constant joint mission between the United States Geological Survey –USGS and NASA known as Landsat.

 The Landsat mission’s satellites since the 1970s had been observing the Earth from space. The images have been sent back to Earth and archived on USGS tape drives which is an achievement that is much stress-free with the present digital technology than with analog tape in the 1970s. In order to make this historic archive of earth imagery available online, Google began working with USGS in 2009.

Tuesday, November 29, 2016

Weight of the Human Soul is 21 grams

Human Soul weight

Experiment to Prove Human Soul has Mass – Can be Measured


A rare experiment had been conducted on April 10, 1901 in Dorchester, Massachusetts by Dr Duncan MacDougall to prove that the human soul had mass and hence could be measured. Dr MacDougall a respected physician of Haverhill as well as the head of the Research Society had been performing work in this field for around six years before the experiment.

 Though his experiment presently would be taken as unethical, it tends to be a peculiarity with plenty of disapproval ranging from methodology utilised in different religious implication. Dr MacDougall performed this experiment on six dying patients who had been placed on specially provided Fairbanks weight scales just before their death. His purpose was to weigh each body before and after death in order to determine any differences by the delicate scales.

The patients had been selected depending of their looming death. Two of the patients had been suffering from tuberculosis, one was a woman and 5 were men. Together with a team of four doctors, Dr MacDougall measured the weight of his first patient cautiously before his death. When the patient died he noticed an interesting thing. He observed that suddenly, coincident with death, the beam end dropped with an audible stroke hitting against the lower limiting bar and remaining there with no rebound.

Loss – Ascertained to Three-Fourths of an Ounce


The loss had been ascertained to be three-fourths of an ounce. The experiment was also conducted on the next patient with the same results. Dr MacDougall sensed that had struck something strange. The following is a quote from the New York Times articles of 11 March 1907 capturing the historical moment : `The instant life ceased the opposite scale pan fell with a suddenness that was astonishing – as if something had been suddenly lifted from the body.

Immediately all the usual deductions were made for physical loss of weight and it was discovered that there was still a full ounce of weight unaccounted for’.Each of the five doctors had taken their own measurements, comparing their results. Though all the patients had not lost the same weight, they did lose something which could be accounted. The results of only four of the six patients could be accounted for owing to mechanical failures or the patients dying before the test equipment were in place.

Consistent Weight Loss - Query


However the consistent weight loss posed a query. Everything from the air in the lungs to bodily fluids had been taken in consideration but there did not seem to be any explanation to this query. However on the third patient, an interesting variation took place, who had maintained the same weight immediately after his death though one minute thereafter he had lost around an ounce of weight.

Dr MacDougall had clarified this discrepancy as - `I believe that in this case, that a phlegmatic man slow of though and action, that the soul remained suspended in the body after death, during the minute that elapsed before its freedom. There is no other way of accounting for it and it is what might be expected to happen in a man of the subject’s temperament’.

After the experiment and in consultation with the other members of the team, it had been certain that the average weight loss of a person was three-fourth of an ounce and the conclusion drawn by Dr MacDougall was that a human soul weighed 21 grams.

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

French Female Astronaut Screamed Warning about Aliens before Attempting Suicide



Disturbing Video – Earth Must Be Warned’


A disturbing video has portrayed the first French female astronaut who seemed to have screamed stating `Earth must be warned’ before she attempted suicide. Claudie Haignere – 59 is said to have been restrained after she had been screaming the eerie caution before going into a coma. Towards December 2008, it was reported that Claudie had been hospitalised due to overdose of sleeping pills.

It was revealed that she had been found conscious though had to be restrained while screaming before going into a coma.Claudie had held responsible the incident on `burnout syndrome and is presently the director of the Cite des Sciences et de l’Industries which is the largest science museum in Europe.

But alien fanatics were of the belief that was making attempts in warning the Earth regarding life in the outer space and the video on YouTube that is narrated by a voice of a robot is said to be a conspiracy which is a mixture of fact and fiction.

Duration of six minute YouTube conspiracy film by UFOmania had come emerged recently investigating her story which had been watched almost a million times. Scientist Claudie had been a backup crew member for the 1993 Mir Altair mission that had included Jean-Pierre Haignere, her future husband.

Asteriod 135267 Named after Claudie & Husband


In 1996 she managed to make it to the Mir space station as a part of the Russian French Cassiopee mission and became the first European woman to visit the International Space Station in 2001. Asteroid 135268 Haignere has been named after Claudie and her husband. Claudie had entered French politics after retiring from space work and had worked as minister delegate for research as well as new technologies between 2002 and 2004 and from 2004 to 2005, ministered delegate for European affairs.

However in spite of her great efforts, the budgets for scientific research were censored.She worked in a biology lab at the Pasteur Institute on leaving politics. It is said that Claudie attempted suicide in 2008 and the rest is said to be made up and constantly seems to reappear on conspiracy forums as on David Icke’s website.

 Besides this, her laboratory where she had been working at the forefront of human/alien DNA research had been destroyed by fire. The video tends to utilise quotes from real reports by news agency AFP though they have been taken out of context with more information.

Mysterious Death of Conspiracy Theorist


There has not been anything like human/alien DNA research since they had not encountered any aliens. Whenever anything tends to occur to a prominent UFO expert, Claudie story frequently pops up and the mysterious death of Max Spiers, a conspiracy theorist in October could have generated the latest interest. Spiers had been found dead at his friend’s house in Poland on a sofa after several days of warning his mother to `investigate’ if anything tends to happen to him.

 Friends state that he had vomited a black liquid just before his death. In another alien news, a supermoon stargazer in Surprise Arizona is said to have caught UFOs on camera wherein the cameraman claims to have seen two objects that moved by the supermoon, seem to be of alien origin. The cameraman of the video which had been uploaded by the Rondomon YouTube channel stated that `after zooming in on the moon, he walked away and sure enough, UFOs began flying by. The UFO seemed to have distortion all around them probably bending light’.

Monday, November 14, 2016

New Theory: How Earth Got Its Moon

How Earth Got Its Moon

Origin of Moon – Impact Theory


The moon is extremely important to the Earth that provides the source for several calendars which tends to affect the tides of ocean. Many have been questioning on how it got there. A team of scientists have now utilised complex modelling in order to propose a new theory which involves violent collision that tends to vaporize much of the planet. Lead researcher, Matija Cuk had mentioned in a news release that in spite of smart people working on this issue for 50 years; they have still been discovering the basic things regarding the earliest history of the world.

The results published in the journal Nature had been co-authorised by scientist at the University of California, Davis, Harvard University, the University of Maryland and the SETI Institute, an organization which is recognized better for its attempt in locating alien life and where Cuk is said to be a researcher.

The origin of moon, had been the `impact theory’ for decades as one of the leading explanations, It is said that billions of years ago, Earth and Mars sized protoplanet known as Theia had collided. The wreckage had formed a ring round the equator of the Earth and had been ultimately drawn together by gravity thus forming the moon.

Debris of Theia


The moon could have been developed much nearer to Earth and ultimately moved farther away. According to Davis, senior author Sarah Stewart, professor of earth and planetary sciences at the University of California, had informed CBC News that this idea had come around before computers could do detailed simulations of planet formation. Computer simulations now portray that the impact could have developed the moon mainly out of the debris of Theia though scientists are of the opinion that the Earth and moon tend to have unusually identical chemical makeups. Stewart states that it really puts a brake on the giant impact hypotheses.

Moreover, if the moon had been formed from the debris surrounding the equator, presently we would expect it to circle alongside the equator and the fact is, its orbit is tilted five degrees. Astronomer and co-author Douglas Hamilton of the University of Maryland had mentioned in a statement that this large tilt seems to be very unusual and till now there has not been a good explanation for the same. However it can be understood if the Earth had a more dramatic early history than suspected earlier.

Higher Energy Effect


The collision, under the new, tweaked theory could have taken place at a much sharper angle and could have been more powerful. Stewart commented that it takes a lot of energy to change an orbit. The latest model recommends a much higher energy effect which could have been much more violent that it vaporised not only Theia but the Earth also.Molten and vapour material may have shaped a huge cloud, about 500 times the extent of the present Earth.

Some of the material may have cooled and could have fallen back to Earth and the remaining may have designed the moon. The bigger collision could have been much more powerful and at that angle that it could have hit the rotational axis of the Earth between 60 and 80 degrees causing the planet to spin speedily that days could last only two hours.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Jacuzzi of Despair That Kills Almost Anything That Swims Into It

Jacuzzi of Despair

Jacuzzi of Death – Massive Brine Pool – Gulf of Mexico


One of the oldest places on the planet is said to be the `Jacuzzi of death’ which had first been found in 2014, as a massive brine pool beneath the Gulf of Mexico by utilising a robosub. They have now returned to develop the first resolutions map of the location stating that it could hold the key in locating life on the other planets.

According to Discovery News after an earlier visit to the location, the researchers had mentioned in Oceanography that they had focused on a larger brine pool on the last leg of the seafloor hydrocarbon community studies with regards to its warm temperature together with high salt content which could be deadly to several macro fauna unfortunate to fall in.

They had come across large dead isopods as well as crab which had been preserved along the edge of the brine pool. They informed that the crater-like circular, brine-filled pool rose about 3 m above the surrounding seafloor, and brine had been spilling out on one side in a spectacular waterfall. Erik Cordes, associate professor of biology at Temple University who had located the site together with many other colleagues stated that it had been one of the most amazing things in the deep sea.

Technology Development in Deep Sea – Applied to Worlds Beyond


They stated that one goes down to the bottom of the ocean and seems to be looking at a lake or a river flowing and feels like you are not on this world. Cordes who has been studying deep sea coral together with the others had first discovered the formations in 2014 by utilising remotely operated underwater robot known as Hercules.

The following year, they had returned with the three-person research sub Alvin in order to get a closer look. Their latest research has now been published and the team retrieved some of the samples of microbial life which are improved in handling the high salinity together with the low oxygen intensities of the brine pool.

Cordes is also of the belief that these creatures may be similar to life on planets in the solar system or even beyond. In May, he informed Seeker that there are many people looking at these dangerous habitats on Earth as replicas for what could be discovered when they go to other planets. The technology development in the deep sea will certainly be applied to the worlds beyond our own.

Brine Pool Saturated with Methane


The main reason of revisiting the brine pool was intended to conduct a high resolution mapping survey of the location. The team mentioned that the top layer of the brine pool seemed to have very high salinity with a temperature of 7.8 degree Cent. Beneath the layer they discovered dense, hydrocarbon charged fluidized mud with a temperature of 19 degree Cent.

They further informed that the sampling line as well as the CTD had been lowered to ~19 m in the pool though it did not reach a hard bottom, providing new insight on the nature of these bottomless brine pools. The initial analyses confirmed that the brine pool had been saturated with methane. The team are now hoping to return with the expectation of creating 3D maps.

Monday, November 7, 2016

Instinct a Complex Behavior

Instinct

Instinct – Inclination of Creatures, Complex Behavior


Innate behavior or instinct is the inclination of a living creature towards a complex behavior and stimulus. It is behavior which is inherited rather than learned and the simplest example of an instinct in behavior is FAP or fixed action pattern wherein a small to medium length sequence of action minus variation can be carried out in response to a clear define stimulus.

We could say that when a person tends to fight often, he seems to be having an aggressive instinct while the person may not be born with the inclination to fight. An instinct is inherited when an inborn pattern of behavior which is characteristic of species tends to response to specific environmental stimuli. Instinct could also be defined from a reflex that could be a response of an organism to a certain stimulus like the contraction of the pupil when faced with bright light or spasmodic movement of the lower leg when tapped at the knee.

They are the inborn complex reactions to behavior which may exist in members of the species though the absence of volitional capacity should not be mixed with an incapability to modify fixed action pattern. Some examples could be used wherein people may be capable of modifying a stimulated fixed action pattern by recognizing consciously the point of its activation and tend to stop doing it while animals with the absence of strong volitional capacity would not refrain from their fixed action patterns once they are activated.

Behavior Instinctive – Expression of Innate Biological Factors


Behavior could be instinctive if the same is performed without being connected with prior experience and can be an expression of innate biological factors.Instinct is innate which means that instinctive behaviors together with responses are present and complete in individuals at birth. The individual need not go through a series of experience in order to learn such behaviors.

A simple example could be taken from fish that has the innate ability to swim while most of the mammals need to learn how to walk. It is easy to identify innate behavior when animals portray it at birth though in some cases this behavior may show up later on in life. In these circumstances, improvement in the creatures’ ability to carry out an innate behavior may show that the creature is learning though another process is being done. When someone acts instinctively, we say his act is done without deliberation or thought but on an impulse.

Knowing/Believing/Feeling – Instinct


Knowing, believing or feeling something instinctively is something that we do not recall of having learned or even been instructed but it is the knowledge, belief or just feeling that came up within us. When someone that has an instinct for stage direction or mathematics means that they are by nature good in performing in that sphere of action. A maternal or creative instinct is referred to behavior which seems to be the expression of a deep characteristically human urge.

When a person acts out of an instinct of revenge, it is his revenge which becomes his motive. When some person acted blindly without any explanation of why they could have acted in a certain way or what was the purpose of the action, that type of a behavior is said to be done by instinct.

Saturday, October 1, 2016

Mysterious Dark Shape Appeared Over Peru

mystery

Footage of Dark Object among Clouds – Resemblance to Star Wars Space Craft


A spaceship image has been capturedby a cameraman while he filmed a time-lapse video of the sky in Peru and the footage of the dark object seems to be among the clouds which had been uploaded to YouTube by the Mexican group Misterio Canal, which was translated to Mysterious Channel.Misterio Canal has described themselves as a group from Mexico who seem to love mystery and collect videos.

The groups’ description mentions `that we must elucidate that not all that we publish what we take for granted and not take so much for false, only publish what we find interesting and that you have the last word and that we love the debates, let us open our minds together’.

A large outline with a striking resemblance to a Star Wars space craft had been seen moving in the sky though users rapidly shot down the video stating that it had been a cloud. But the majority of the people are doubtful of it being Star Wars brought to life recommending it was either a bogus video or just a dark cloud. Misterio Canal had inscribed that `Shocking if true would confirm that we are guarded by extra-terrestrial intelligence or existing experiments related to this type of technology on our planet.

Alien Activity Caught on Tape


A cameraman had left his video equipment recording the sky to generate a power time-lapse effect. According to the UFO fans, the footage which seems to show a cloudy sky was in fact portraying an enormous airborne machine. Marked above the town of Frayser, Tennesse, USA, was the clip actually portraying a jaw dropping large craft which looks out fleetingly from behind the cover of the cloud.

An expert from Secure Team 10, on showing the clip for the first time had questioned his audience saying `so did you see it?’ Mr Schneider had recorded the footage near his house and had sent it to the American based group of experts. They have commented that `they are your cause for the best in new UFO detection videos, data on the government cover-up and alien activity caught on tape’.

Talking regarding the footage of Mr Schneider, he had commented that the source had stated that for days straight he had been hearing some very peculiar sounds, loud growing sounds in the sky that had no description. He had been looking around in the sky and searching on the internet on several occasions and was unable to see or find anything.

Spectators Influenced – Proof of Extra-terrestrial Activity


He further added that when he had first looked at it, he did not see a thing. He could only see clouds, trees blowing and was looking really hard but could not see a thing. However after viewing the still images and getting it pointed out, he was amazed as he spotted the craft.

He commented that on closer view, he saw momentarily what seemed to be a huge machine like structure moving in the sky, which only for a moment broke through the clouds. In spite of scientific explanation of the weather phenomenon, several of the spectators seem to be influenced that it was proof of extra-terrestrial activity.

Friday, August 19, 2016

Scientists ‘Confirm’ Life after Death Exists with Ground-Breaking Study

Death
Credit:Uncova

New Study – People Experience Awareness – 3 Minutes After Death


According to some experts, consciousness tends to continue even when the heart of a person seems to stop. Death is said to be an unavoidable significance of life, though scientists are of the belief that they could have discovered some insight at the end of the tunnel. In a study of over 2,000 people, the British scientists have confirmed that thought continues after death and at the same time revealed substantial evidence of an out-of-the-body experience for a patient who had been declared dead by doctors.

The scientists believe that the brain tends to cease all activity, 30 seconds after the heart seems to stop pumping blood in the body and awareness tends to stop at that very time. However, research from the University of Southampton, suggest something else. According to the new study, people continue to experience awareness for around three minutes after death.

Head researcher, Dr Sam Parnia had commented that `contrary to perception, death is not a definite moment but a possibly reversible process which occurs after any severe illness or accident, causing the heart, lungs and brain to stop functioning. If attempts are made to reverse this procedure, it is considered as `cardiac arrest’. However if these attempts are not successful it is known as `death’

Experience Not of Awareness but Fear


From the 2,060 patients that had been interviewed from Austria, America and the UK for the study, who had lived after cardiac arrests, 40% stated that they were able to remember some form of awareness after being confirmed clinically dead.

Dr. Parnia had clarified the implication stating that `this suggests more people may have mental activity at first but then lose their memories after recovery, either owing to the effects of brain injury or sedative drugs on memory recall. Only 2% of the patients had described their experience of being stable with the feeling of an out-of-body experience, which is the consciousness one tends to feel almost totally aware of the surroundings after death.

About half of the respondents of the study stated that their experience was not one of awareness but fear. Probably the most substantial discovery of the study was that a 57 year old man was of the belief of being the first confirmed out-of-the-body experience in a patient.

Hallucination/Illusion – Occur Before Heart Stops/Restarted


On suffering from a cardiac arrest, the patient had revealed that he was able to recall what had taken place around him with strange precision after momentarily dying.Dr Parnia had commented that this is momentous since it is frequently presumed that the experiences with regards to death are possible hallucination or illusion which tends to occur before the heart stops or after the heart has been successfully restarted.

However it is not an experience matching with `real events when the heart is not beating. In this stage, the consciousness and the awareness seem to take place during the three minute span when there is no heartbeat.

This is paradoxical since the brain typically stops functioning within 20-30 seconds when the heart stops and does not resume again till the heart is revived. Moreover, in this case the detailed recollection of visual awareness was steady with verified events.