Tuesday, November 29, 2016

The Death of Lord Darnley

Lord Darnley

Mysterious Death of Henry Stuart – Lord Darnley

The mysterious death of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley has perplexed Scottish history researchers till date. Darnley belonged to a family which gave him claims to the Scottish as well as English thrones through family bonds with James II of Scotland and Henry VII of England.

 When Darnley was young, he enjoyed his childhood which was bestowed to the few privileged during the 16th century. At the age of 20, in February of 1565, he had travelled to Scotland and had the opportunity of meeting QueenMary who was besotted with him. According to one chronicler it is said that `she took well with him and said that he was the lustiest and best proportioned long man that she had seen’. They were married that July and Darnley became King of the Scots.

Very soon it became obvious that he could not handle himself royally and became foes due to his bad temper, drunkenness and arrogant manner. Mary herself got tired of his company and the couple were often separated though they seemed to get along well to have a son, James who later would rule Scotland as well as England. Their unsteady marriage seemed to continue since Mary was a Roman Catholic and divorce was not permitted. She may have resorted to an alternative solution.
Lord Darnley_1

Huge Explosion at Kirk o’Field

The couple had been staying at Kirk o’Field a large church house in Edinburgh in February 1567 when in the early hours of the 10th were heard two huge explosions that were heard for miles around the place. The Kirk had been almost destroyed.

Later on it had been determined that two barrels of gunpowder had been placed secretly beneath the bedroom of Darnley, where he had been recovering from smallpox, which according to other sources was syphilis.Many had come over to witness the devastation. However, the body of Darnley was not traceable and after some superficial searching by the people, a soldier had located the remains of Darnley together with a servant on the grounds of the Kirk.

On examination, it had been obvious that the death wounds inflicted on Darnley and his servant had not been from the explosion. It seemed that the two of them had been strangled after the gunpowder had done its task. Suspicion increased and the noble families of Scotland needed answers to their queries.

Death of Lord Darnley Remained a Mystery

Mary who had been living at the Kirk with Darnley was not there or could have been away at a wedding on that critical night. However the facts could not be overlooked. Someone had placed the gunpowder under Darnley’s room which had exploded thereafter.

 Darnley perhaps had learned of the danger and had fled into the night with only his nightshirt on, where his body had been found. It was observed that someone had overpowered and strangled him to death. Those guilty could have been from the Scottish nobles, probably with the Queen being party to the murder who disapproved of the power Darnley exercised or maybe disliked him.

Mary too had her own problems when she escaped to England only to be imprisoned and ultimately executed in 1587 by Elizabeth I and whatever information she had regarding the death of her husband went down with her in the grave.

5 Science Careers That Don’t Require Lab Work

Working in the science field can give you access to fascinating information and unique daily tasks. For many in science, their work in biology, chemistry, or physical science has them working inside of a lab. Some scientific types thrive in this closed off environment, making new discoveries and helping the world improve. For others, lab work can be a limiting, so they need a different type of environment to practice their scientific skills. Here are five careers in science that work outside of labs.

1. Science Teacher

One of the best opportunities to work in science without stepping foot in a lab is to become a teacher. If you graduate with a degree in one of the many fields of science, you can supplement your credentials by meeting the requirements in your state to be an educator. Then, you can be hired to work in secondary education, with either middle school students or high school students in a science class. Each day, instead of working independently in a quiet lab environment, you get to work with a vibrant room of young people.

2. Science Illustrator

Another great opportunity for someone with a science background is to go into science illustrating. Nonfiction books, magazines, and websites all have a need for detailed and accurate illustrations demonstrating various types of scientific thought. Publications in the biological sciences may need illustrators to draw lifelike pictures of animals, humans, or individual cell parts for use in training medical staff. Additionally, those with a background in physics can help illustrate operating manuals for various engineering projects and machinery.

3. Technical Writer

Having a degree in science also puts you in a great position to work as a technical writer. Technical writers use their background knowledge to write scientific papers, instructions, and other complex material related to science, technology, or engineering products. This type of job is a great way to get yourself out of the lab environment and into a traditional office workplace with a diverse group of colleagues.

4. Geographic Information Science Specialist

Next, you can use your scientific knowledge and apply it for a position in geographic information science. Those in this field work with high-quality mapping technology and satellite imagery. Specialists in this subject are often working in the field outside to determine best practices for geographic placement services. They work with the top technologies in their offices as well. USC Online has a top program in geographic information science for those who have an interest in learning more.

5. Patent Law Clerk

Finally, some individuals with a background in science can choose to go into patent law. If you simply have a degree in science, then being a patent law clerk may be an option. If you want to take on more responsibility in this field, then an additional law degree is required to be a patent lawyer. Patent law examines intellectual property, and those in science can use their expertise in their subject to get a better understanding of things such as inventions, new drug formulas, vaccines, and other science-based items that could be up for patent.
Being a scientist doesn’t necessarily mean working in a lab. There are plentiful opportunities in many other settings for those in this field.

Weight of the Human Soul is 21 grams

Human Soul weight

Experiment to Prove Human Soul has Mass – Can be Measured

A rare experiment had been conducted on April 10, 1901 in Dorchester, Massachusetts by Dr Duncan MacDougall to prove that the human soul had mass and hence could be measured. Dr MacDougall a respected physician of Haverhill as well as the head of the Research Society had been performing work in this field for around six years before the experiment.

 Though his experiment presently would be taken as unethical, it tends to be a peculiarity with plenty of disapproval ranging from methodology utilised in different religious implication. Dr MacDougall performed this experiment on six dying patients who had been placed on specially provided Fairbanks weight scales just before their death. His purpose was to weigh each body before and after death in order to determine any differences by the delicate scales.

The patients had been selected depending of their looming death. Two of the patients had been suffering from tuberculosis, one was a woman and 5 were men. Together with a team of four doctors, Dr MacDougall measured the weight of his first patient cautiously before his death. When the patient died he noticed an interesting thing. He observed that suddenly, coincident with death, the beam end dropped with an audible stroke hitting against the lower limiting bar and remaining there with no rebound.

Loss – Ascertained to Three-Fourths of an Ounce

The loss had been ascertained to be three-fourths of an ounce. The experiment was also conducted on the next patient with the same results. Dr MacDougall sensed that had struck something strange. The following is a quote from the New York Times articles of 11 March 1907 capturing the historical moment : `The instant life ceased the opposite scale pan fell with a suddenness that was astonishing – as if something had been suddenly lifted from the body.

Immediately all the usual deductions were made for physical loss of weight and it was discovered that there was still a full ounce of weight unaccounted for’.Each of the five doctors had taken their own measurements, comparing their results. Though all the patients had not lost the same weight, they did lose something which could be accounted. The results of only four of the six patients could be accounted for owing to mechanical failures or the patients dying before the test equipment were in place.

Consistent Weight Loss - Query

However the consistent weight loss posed a query. Everything from the air in the lungs to bodily fluids had been taken in consideration but there did not seem to be any explanation to this query. However on the third patient, an interesting variation took place, who had maintained the same weight immediately after his death though one minute thereafter he had lost around an ounce of weight.

Dr MacDougall had clarified this discrepancy as - `I believe that in this case, that a phlegmatic man slow of though and action, that the soul remained suspended in the body after death, during the minute that elapsed before its freedom. There is no other way of accounting for it and it is what might be expected to happen in a man of the subject’s temperament’.

After the experiment and in consultation with the other members of the team, it had been certain that the average weight loss of a person was three-fourth of an ounce and the conclusion drawn by Dr MacDougall was that a human soul weighed 21 grams.

Friday, November 25, 2016

Affordable Stay at OYORooms with These Deals

Booking a room through OYORooms is a kid’s play, and with an OYORooms deals you're sure to make savings on their already great rates. All you need to do is simply go to their website or download the app on your Android, iOS or Windows phone.

Once you log on to their site you’ll be straight awaydirected to an intuitive search function that allows you to choose the city or location where you want to visit, the check in and check out dates, how many guests will be arriving, and the number of rooms you require. The system will thoroughly go through its own system and then return with all possible options in the area.

OyoRooms have a variety of rooms to offer from expensive to budget to cheap hotels, all according to your preference. All rooms no matter what the rate of the room will be inclusive of air conditioning, cleaning service, access to breakfast, free Wi-Fi internet connection, washrooms that are always clean, and even cable TV with premium pay options. You can also add other options to your room with extra charge. The standard check-in time is 12 PM and the standard check-out time is 11 AM. You can always pay an extra fee for late check out. Other amenities may also be available for added fees.

With OyoRooms deals and offers available on zoutons you can save even bigger on your accommodation expense. To be updates with OyoRooms deals and offers all you need to do is keep checking zoutons and use the code. Some big money saver deals available on zoutons are:
  • One can get 25% off + 25% off on Oyo Rooms all across India, making your stay light on your pocket.
  • For more budget stays, zoutons offer you an exclusive offer that helps you stay in hotels under only Rs. 499/- per night. 
  • One can also get flat 25% off on any Oyo room booking helping you save mega amount.
  • Exclusive Oyo room deal also gives you flat Rs. 625/- on Oyo Rooms which makes you stay much cheaper than you expected it to be. 
  •  If you plan to stay in a proper hotel the Oyo room has an offer for you as well. One can grab Rs. 500/- off flat on their hotel booking 
  • There are many cash back offers that are available on zoutons which can be redeemed by you on your next booking via Oyo Rooms. 

An Oyo Rooms promo code might only be valid for a certain amount of time or only for a particular hotel or city, so you should apply it right away.

The company will also give you an OYO Rooms discount code if you refer it to a friend. Sing up to the program and you'll be given a referral code that they must enter when making their ow booking. This will then register as a referral and your offer code will then be emailed to you. Examples of Oyo Rooms offers include cashback, straight up discounts, first time discounts, and more.

Once you are happy with your selection you can confirm the booking and enter all of your personal details. It is up to the customer to decide whether to pay up front or authorize payment upon checking out after your stay. Any way, you will need to enter your card details on the website.

If you wish to redeem an OYO Rooms coupon, all you have to do is enter it into the designated promo box before you finalize the booking online, and the total cost of your room or other deal will be applied. Be sure to enter the code correctly, you will see a confirmation message once it's done. You can only enter one OYO Rooms coupon at a time, so be sure to choose the one that makes you the best savings!
Note that upon check-in you will need to provide a copy of the booking receipt, which will be sent via email and a form of ID to confirm it is you. The same card used for making the booking will also need to be on hand.
As long as it's a day before you are due to arrive you can easily cancel your Oyo Rooms and get a full refund of your booking. But, of course if you have used any OYORooms coupons to get a discount you will only be refunded the real amount charged after the coupon was used. To cancel your booking all you need to do is login to your online account on the site or through the app, and you can do so easily from your booking history. Or you can also call up to make your cancellation.

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

French Female Astronaut Screamed Warning about Aliens before Attempting Suicide

Disturbing Video – Earth Must Be Warned’

A disturbing video has portrayed the first French female astronaut who seemed to have screamed stating `Earth must be warned’ before she attempted suicide. Claudie Haignere – 59 is said to have been restrained after she had been screaming the eerie caution before going into a coma. Towards December 2008, it was reported that Claudie had been hospitalised due to overdose of sleeping pills.

It was revealed that she had been found conscious though had to be restrained while screaming before going into a coma.Claudie had held responsible the incident on `burnout syndrome and is presently the director of the Cite des Sciences et de l’Industries which is the largest science museum in Europe.

But alien fanatics were of the belief that was making attempts in warning the Earth regarding life in the outer space and the video on YouTube that is narrated by a voice of a robot is said to be a conspiracy which is a mixture of fact and fiction.

Duration of six minute YouTube conspiracy film by UFOmania had come emerged recently investigating her story which had been watched almost a million times. Scientist Claudie had been a backup crew member for the 1993 Mir Altair mission that had included Jean-Pierre Haignere, her future husband.

Asteriod 135267 Named after Claudie & Husband

In 1996 she managed to make it to the Mir space station as a part of the Russian French Cassiopee mission and became the first European woman to visit the International Space Station in 2001. Asteroid 135268 Haignere has been named after Claudie and her husband. Claudie had entered French politics after retiring from space work and had worked as minister delegate for research as well as new technologies between 2002 and 2004 and from 2004 to 2005, ministered delegate for European affairs.

However in spite of her great efforts, the budgets for scientific research were censored.She worked in a biology lab at the Pasteur Institute on leaving politics. It is said that Claudie attempted suicide in 2008 and the rest is said to be made up and constantly seems to reappear on conspiracy forums as on David Icke’s website.

 Besides this, her laboratory where she had been working at the forefront of human/alien DNA research had been destroyed by fire. The video tends to utilise quotes from real reports by news agency AFP though they have been taken out of context with more information.

Mysterious Death of Conspiracy Theorist

There has not been anything like human/alien DNA research since they had not encountered any aliens. Whenever anything tends to occur to a prominent UFO expert, Claudie story frequently pops up and the mysterious death of Max Spiers, a conspiracy theorist in October could have generated the latest interest. Spiers had been found dead at his friend’s house in Poland on a sofa after several days of warning his mother to `investigate’ if anything tends to happen to him.

 Friends state that he had vomited a black liquid just before his death. In another alien news, a supermoon stargazer in Surprise Arizona is said to have caught UFOs on camera wherein the cameraman claims to have seen two objects that moved by the supermoon, seem to be of alien origin. The cameraman of the video which had been uploaded by the Rondomon YouTube channel stated that `after zooming in on the moon, he walked away and sure enough, UFOs began flying by. The UFO seemed to have distortion all around them probably bending light’.

Saturday, November 19, 2016

All you need to know about the IOCL Recruitment


Indian Oil Corporation (IndianOil) is India’s largest commercial enterprise owned by Government of India. IOCL deals in oil and gas. It was founded in 1959. IOCL has its headquarter in Delhi. Approx. 34,659 employees work with IOCL. It has been successfully meeting the energy demands of India for more than 5 decades.

IOCL offers vacancies for various posts. IOCL Recruitment generally takes place through entrance test which is followed by personal interview. Most of the vacancies are offered for the post of engineer. Handsome salary and perks are offered by IOCL. Here we are providing information regarding vacancies for various posts.

Indianoil’s business interests overlap the entire hydrocarbon value chain – from refining, pipeline transportation and marketing of petroleum products to exploration and production of crude oil. It has its ramifications in Sri Lanka, Mauritius and the UAE.It is the leading Indian Corporate in Fortune’s prestigious “Global 500” listing of world’s largest corporates at the 161 position for the year 2016.


IOCL is offering jobs for various posts. Interested candidates can apply for the following posts: 
  • Jr. Engineer Assistant Post (6 vacancies)
Indian Oil Corporation is inviting applications for the post of Jr. Engineer Assistant at its research and development centre, Faridabad. The last date of registration is 16TH December 2016. Application fee for the candidates of general category is Rs. 100 and there is no registration fee for the candidates of reserved category. The basic pay scale for this post is INR – 19,100 to 32,000. The other allowances are applicable as per the rules of corporation. To get recruited candidates will have to score minimum 40% marks in written test and there is a relaxation of 5% for the candidates of reserved category. The final selection will be based on the candidate’s overall performance and medical fitness.

Job Description: Job of Jr. Engineer Assistant requires inspection of different unit. 
  •  Jr. Engineer Assistant at Panipat Refinery (60 vacancies)
IOCL is inviting applications for Jr. Engineer Assistant post at Panipat refinery and petrochemical complex. The last date of registration is 5th December 2016. Candidates should be more than 18 years and less than 26 years in age. The basic pay scale for the post is INR – 11900 to 32000. The written test will be conducted on 18th December 2016. Selection of candidates will be based on the written test and skill test conducted by IOCL.

Job Description: Job of Jr. Engineer Assistant at refinery requires inspection of pipelines, machine etc. 
  • Jr. Engineer Assistant – IV at Digboi Refinery (25 vacancies)
IOCL has released job notification for the post of Junior Engineer Assistants. The written test will be conducted on 20th November 2016. Candidates minimum age should be 18 years and maximum should be 26 years. Selection of candidates will be on the basis of written test and personal interview. The consolidated salary for this post is in the slab INR – 11900 TO 32000.

Job Description: Job of Jr. Engineer Assistant at refinery requires inspection of pipelines, machine etc. 
  •  Jr. Engineer Assistant at Mathura Refinery (100 vacancies)
IOCL recruitment invites application for eligible candidates at its Mathura Refinery. Candidates should be more than 18 years and less than 26 years of age. Remuneration offered by IOCL is INR – 11900 to 32000. Candidates will have to go through three stages of examination. First stage is written test which is followed by skill test and medical test.

Job Description: Job of Jr. Engineer Assistant at refinery requires inspection of pipelines, machine etc. 
  •  IOCL Recruitment through CLAT 2017 (18 vacancies)
IOCL has recently released an official notification regarding the IOCL recruitment. It is looking for energetic and dedicated law graduates for recruitment of law officers through COMMON LAW ADMISSION TEST. The CLAT exam is expected to be held in the month of May, 2017. Application form will be released in the month of January 2017 and last date will be in March 2017. Candidates should not be more than 30 years of age. After clearing the CLAT exam candidates will have to go through group discussion and personal interview. Selected candidates will receive a starting basic pay of INR – 24900/month. Other allowances will be applicable as per the rules and regulation of the corporation.

Job Description: Law officer is the overall in-charge of the legal matters of the corporation. His job is to render legal opinions to the head of departments and zonal officers in the respect of legal matters.

Thursday, November 17, 2016

Geologists Find Evidence of China’s Great Flood

Great Flood

Chines Civilization – Great Flood

Chinese civilization as per legend had started with Great Flood which had covered the plains of northern and the central area of China for around 22 years, till the rule of Yu who had led a great dredging project that had brought the river to its original channel. The gods had rewarded Yu with a divine decree to rule China and had found the Xia, its first imperial dynasty.

 The story of the Great Flood and the founding of Chinese civilization by Yu, for 1000 years had been handed down as oral history before eventually coming into written record in the first millennium BCE. However, with no solid proof of Xia or the flood, scholars have been debating whether these events really took place or were it the substance of legend.

 It seems that the Great Flood could have been a real natural disaster which struck the Yellow River valley in around 1920 BCE. A group of geologists headed by Wu Qinglong of Nanjing Normal University had located the remains of a landslide which had dammed up the Yellow River, 1000 of years ago where it had flowed through Jishi Gorge in northern China’s Qinghai Province.

Sediments – Upstream of Dam

The dimension of the natural dam could be between the size of the Three Gorges Dam in China and the Hoover Dam in the U.S. which had blocked the river totally and the water which had built up behind it finally formed a lake 650 feet deep. The researchers found sediments, upstream of the dam, which seemed to match with what would gather on the bottom of a dammed lake.

These were mostly fragments of purple-brown mud-rock and green schist that were washed in the lower Jishi Gorge and downstream into the Guanting Basin.They had mentioned in the paper published in Science that at the mouth of the gorge, where the Yellow River enters Guanting Basin, the sediments had reached 20m thickness, including boulders up to 2m in diameter.

The sediments assisted in outlining the size of the dammed lake as well as the area covered by the flood. Centred on those areas, the researchers calculated that when the landslide dam eventually gave way, it had unleashed a torrent of 300,000 to 500,000 cubic meters of water per second.

The Flood – Breaking Point

The flood has been the breaking point in a rough year for the Oija villages towards this stretch of the Yellow River which had begun with an earthquake that had devastated a settlement on a bend in the river on the Guanting Basin, a few miles south of the Jishi Gorge.

 The locals had abandoned the site after the earthquake, which is presently Lajia and had left behind the bodies of almost five victims trapped in their shrunken homes. Those who survived in the area downstream of the gorge, the flood could have come as an awful shock.

This was not a mere local calamity. Wu Qinglong together with his team had estimated that the floodwaters could have travelled more than 1,000 mils down the Yellow River and probably even more ahead. The flood could have breached through the river’s natural level and could have also crossed the banks carving a new course through the plains of northern China.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Math Tutors: What to Look For

How do you decide on a math tutor? A competent tutor has several telling features that you can zero in on before you choose to be tutored by them. Same thing applies for a science tutor as well. Whichever grade you’re in: 5th, 6th, 10th, or pre-college, or you just need some test prep help. With all the choices out there, how can you make a choice that is best for you or your child?

The answer lies in the brand first. Good tutors are hard to come by, so go with a brand that has left no stone unturned in choosing the right kind of tutors. Two of the most pressing needs are expertise and experience. Teachers can boast of many years of experience on a resume. How do you know for certain that what they are touting is 100% true? 1. Stringent certification requirements. 2. A careful vetting process. Both of which are hallmarks of eTutorWorld’s tutor selection process.

Choosing Online Tutors

Web learning, e-learning, online learning, online tutoring, subject tutoring, grade tutoring, test prep help, assignment building, variety and volume in worksheets: these are some of the key aspects of understanding whether an online education website is good enough for a student’s ever-growing learning needs. What if one fine day the student needs urgent help, and your regular online tutoring resource isn’t able to accommodate you on short notice?

You go with an online education company like eTutorWorld for the simple reason that it checks all the boxes for e-learning services and solutions. The first lesson is essentially a tool for the student to get comfortable with the tutor and develop an understanding of the way the session in structured. For first timers and new registrants, the first lesson is offered free of cost.

Consider eTutorWorld for web learning and math and science mentors across grades from 3 to 12. Once the initial rapport has been established, and tutors have been matched with students, each student can request for the same tutor, or if the need is not met, choose another, thereby helping in advancement as per the student’s wishes. This builds up a strong comprehension of math and science standards, for clarity is of the essence when it comes to teaching math and science.

Remember: Experience and expertise. Certification. A thorough vetting process. Also, to help you make your decision, request to be connected with other prior eTutorWorld students for feedback and testimonials.

Monday, November 14, 2016

New Theory: How Earth Got Its Moon

How Earth Got Its Moon

Origin of Moon – Impact Theory

The moon is extremely important to the Earth that provides the source for several calendars which tends to affect the tides of ocean. Many have been questioning on how it got there. A team of scientists have now utilised complex modelling in order to propose a new theory which involves violent collision that tends to vaporize much of the planet. Lead researcher, Matija Cuk had mentioned in a news release that in spite of smart people working on this issue for 50 years; they have still been discovering the basic things regarding the earliest history of the world.

The results published in the journal Nature had been co-authorised by scientist at the University of California, Davis, Harvard University, the University of Maryland and the SETI Institute, an organization which is recognized better for its attempt in locating alien life and where Cuk is said to be a researcher.

The origin of moon, had been the `impact theory’ for decades as one of the leading explanations, It is said that billions of years ago, Earth and Mars sized protoplanet known as Theia had collided. The wreckage had formed a ring round the equator of the Earth and had been ultimately drawn together by gravity thus forming the moon.

Debris of Theia

The moon could have been developed much nearer to Earth and ultimately moved farther away. According to Davis, senior author Sarah Stewart, professor of earth and planetary sciences at the University of California, had informed CBC News that this idea had come around before computers could do detailed simulations of planet formation. Computer simulations now portray that the impact could have developed the moon mainly out of the debris of Theia though scientists are of the opinion that the Earth and moon tend to have unusually identical chemical makeups. Stewart states that it really puts a brake on the giant impact hypotheses.

Moreover, if the moon had been formed from the debris surrounding the equator, presently we would expect it to circle alongside the equator and the fact is, its orbit is tilted five degrees. Astronomer and co-author Douglas Hamilton of the University of Maryland had mentioned in a statement that this large tilt seems to be very unusual and till now there has not been a good explanation for the same. However it can be understood if the Earth had a more dramatic early history than suspected earlier.

Higher Energy Effect

The collision, under the new, tweaked theory could have taken place at a much sharper angle and could have been more powerful. Stewart commented that it takes a lot of energy to change an orbit. The latest model recommends a much higher energy effect which could have been much more violent that it vaporised not only Theia but the Earth also.Molten and vapour material may have shaped a huge cloud, about 500 times the extent of the present Earth.

Some of the material may have cooled and could have fallen back to Earth and the remaining may have designed the moon. The bigger collision could have been much more powerful and at that angle that it could have hit the rotational axis of the Earth between 60 and 80 degrees causing the planet to spin speedily that days could last only two hours.

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Jacuzzi of Despair That Kills Almost Anything That Swims Into It

Jacuzzi of Despair

Jacuzzi of Death – Massive Brine Pool – Gulf of Mexico

One of the oldest places on the planet is said to be the `Jacuzzi of death’ which had first been found in 2014, as a massive brine pool beneath the Gulf of Mexico by utilising a robosub. They have now returned to develop the first resolutions map of the location stating that it could hold the key in locating life on the other planets.

According to Discovery News after an earlier visit to the location, the researchers had mentioned in Oceanography that they had focused on a larger brine pool on the last leg of the seafloor hydrocarbon community studies with regards to its warm temperature together with high salt content which could be deadly to several macro fauna unfortunate to fall in.

They had come across large dead isopods as well as crab which had been preserved along the edge of the brine pool. They informed that the crater-like circular, brine-filled pool rose about 3 m above the surrounding seafloor, and brine had been spilling out on one side in a spectacular waterfall. Erik Cordes, associate professor of biology at Temple University who had located the site together with many other colleagues stated that it had been one of the most amazing things in the deep sea.

Technology Development in Deep Sea – Applied to Worlds Beyond

They stated that one goes down to the bottom of the ocean and seems to be looking at a lake or a river flowing and feels like you are not on this world. Cordes who has been studying deep sea coral together with the others had first discovered the formations in 2014 by utilising remotely operated underwater robot known as Hercules.

The following year, they had returned with the three-person research sub Alvin in order to get a closer look. Their latest research has now been published and the team retrieved some of the samples of microbial life which are improved in handling the high salinity together with the low oxygen intensities of the brine pool.

Cordes is also of the belief that these creatures may be similar to life on planets in the solar system or even beyond. In May, he informed Seeker that there are many people looking at these dangerous habitats on Earth as replicas for what could be discovered when they go to other planets. The technology development in the deep sea will certainly be applied to the worlds beyond our own.

Brine Pool Saturated with Methane

The main reason of revisiting the brine pool was intended to conduct a high resolution mapping survey of the location. The team mentioned that the top layer of the brine pool seemed to have very high salinity with a temperature of 7.8 degree Cent. Beneath the layer they discovered dense, hydrocarbon charged fluidized mud with a temperature of 19 degree Cent.

They further informed that the sampling line as well as the CTD had been lowered to ~19 m in the pool though it did not reach a hard bottom, providing new insight on the nature of these bottomless brine pools. The initial analyses confirmed that the brine pool had been saturated with methane. The team are now hoping to return with the expectation of creating 3D maps.

Monday, November 7, 2016

Instinct a Complex Behavior


Instinct – Inclination of Creatures, Complex Behavior

Innate behavior or instinct is the inclination of a living creature towards a complex behavior and stimulus. It is behavior which is inherited rather than learned and the simplest example of an instinct in behavior is FAP or fixed action pattern wherein a small to medium length sequence of action minus variation can be carried out in response to a clear define stimulus.

We could say that when a person tends to fight often, he seems to be having an aggressive instinct while the person may not be born with the inclination to fight. An instinct is inherited when an inborn pattern of behavior which is characteristic of species tends to response to specific environmental stimuli. Instinct could also be defined from a reflex that could be a response of an organism to a certain stimulus like the contraction of the pupil when faced with bright light or spasmodic movement of the lower leg when tapped at the knee.

They are the inborn complex reactions to behavior which may exist in members of the species though the absence of volitional capacity should not be mixed with an incapability to modify fixed action pattern. Some examples could be used wherein people may be capable of modifying a stimulated fixed action pattern by recognizing consciously the point of its activation and tend to stop doing it while animals with the absence of strong volitional capacity would not refrain from their fixed action patterns once they are activated.

Behavior Instinctive – Expression of Innate Biological Factors

Behavior could be instinctive if the same is performed without being connected with prior experience and can be an expression of innate biological factors.Instinct is innate which means that instinctive behaviors together with responses are present and complete in individuals at birth. The individual need not go through a series of experience in order to learn such behaviors.

A simple example could be taken from fish that has the innate ability to swim while most of the mammals need to learn how to walk. It is easy to identify innate behavior when animals portray it at birth though in some cases this behavior may show up later on in life. In these circumstances, improvement in the creatures’ ability to carry out an innate behavior may show that the creature is learning though another process is being done. When someone acts instinctively, we say his act is done without deliberation or thought but on an impulse.

Knowing/Believing/Feeling – Instinct

Knowing, believing or feeling something instinctively is something that we do not recall of having learned or even been instructed but it is the knowledge, belief or just feeling that came up within us. When someone that has an instinct for stage direction or mathematics means that they are by nature good in performing in that sphere of action. A maternal or creative instinct is referred to behavior which seems to be the expression of a deep characteristically human urge.

When a person acts out of an instinct of revenge, it is his revenge which becomes his motive. When some person acted blindly without any explanation of why they could have acted in a certain way or what was the purpose of the action, that type of a behavior is said to be done by instinct.

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Christ's Burial Place Exposed for First Time in Centuries

Christ's Burial Place

Burial Place of Jesus Christ – Revealed

Restoring work in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Israel has revealed stone slab venerated as the place of rest of Jesus Christ. For the first time in centuries, it has been disclosed by scientists regarding the original surface considered traditionally as the tomb of Jesus Christ.

Situated in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem, the tomb is said to be covered by cladding of marble since around 1555 A.D and probably centuries earlier. Fredrik Hiebert, archaeologist-in-residence at the National Geographic Society and a partner in the restoration project commented that the marble covering of the tomb had been pulled back and they were surprised by the amount of fill material below it.

 It would be a long scientific analysis though they will eventually be capable of seeing the original rock surface on which as per tradition, the body of Christ had been laid. The body of Jesus Christ, as per Christian tradition, had been laid on a shelf or burial bed carved from the side of a limestone cave after he had been crucified by the Romans in A.D. 30 or 33.

 Christian believe that Christ resurrected after death and Mary Magdalene who had anointed his body three days before his death had reported that his grave was empty when she had visited his tomb.
Christ's Burial_1

Inner Tomb Under Restoration

The burial shelf is said to be enclosed now by a small structure which is known as the Edicule-from the Latin aedicule or little house, which had been reconstructed last in 1808 -1810 after it had been damaged in a fire. The Edicule and the inner tomb presently are under restoration by a team of scientists from the National Technical University of Athens under the guidance of the Chief Scientific supervisor Professor Antonia Moropoulou.

The discovery of the burial bed has been providing researchers with an unprecedented opportunity of studying the original surface of the most sacred site in Christianity. An examination of the original rock may permit them to comprehend much better not only the earlier form of the tomb chamber but also on how it progressed as the focal point of veneration from the time it had initially been identified by Helena, the mother of the Roman emperor Constantine, in A.D. 326.
Christ's Burial Place_2

Under Charge of Six Christian Sects

Moropoulou had stated that they are at the critical moment of rehabilitating the Edicule and the techniques which were being utilised to document this unique monument would enable the world to study their findings as if they themselves had been in the tomb of Christ.

The interior of the tomb which normally glows with faint constellation of wax candles, together with bright construction lighting, illuminated the small cell, exposing minute details which seemed to be usually overlooked. The marble slab which tends to cover the holy bench by around 3 by 5 feet, carved from creamy marble had been pulled away from the wall.

Below it, was a grey beige stone which a conservator has enquired and had received an unclear reply. The Church of the Holy Sepulchres is presently under the charge of six Christian sects. Three major groups, the Greek Orthodox Church, the Roman Catholic Church and the Armenian Orthodox Church tend to maintain main control over it while the Coptic, Ethiopian Orthodox and Syriac communities also tend to have a presence there.