Friday, March 4, 2011

History on Pearl Harbor

        On December7, 1941, Japanese forces crippled America’s Pacific fleet in a sneak attack on the Pearl Harbor base in Hawaii, bringing the nation into World War II. But did America ignore warnings about strike in order to inspire American outrage against Japan as the aggressor?

          The damage to American forces was so severe that the Japanese military temporarily took control of the Pacific. Some 2403 American troops were killed and another 1178 were wounded.

             Tension between the US and Japan had been building steadily since 1931, when Japan invaded Manchuria. By 1937, Japanese forces had invaded China proper, and from there they hungrily eyed the Asian territories of Britain, France, Holland, and the US. When Germany subjugated France in 1940, Japan saw an opportunity. On July 24, 1941, it invaded France Indochina. In retaliation, FDR placed embargoes on all Japanese exports, except oil. Japanese ambassador Normura offered interesting oil for peace deal meanwhile commander of Japan’s fleet secretly planned an attack that would incapacitate his new enemy “On the very first day.” US added oil to the embargo, which would have soon crippled Japanese industry.


               Having cracked the Japanese naval code “Purple” the US knew Japan had been tracking the US Pacific fleet. On November 25, 1941, Stimson warned FDR that Japanese attack was imminent. On December 6, the night before the attack, American intelligence had intercepted a purple message indicating Japan was going to declare war the next day. A warning was sent to Pearl Harbor base by telegraph but, tragically, the message did not arrive until after the attack had begun.

10 Factors to Consider Before Volunteering Abroad

10 Factors to Consider Before Volunteering Abroad

Kellen Thompson is a regular contributor about Christian counseling degree programs as well as online classes
Volunteering abroad is a noble venture and a big decision that requires forethought. Whether you're going for a two-week medical volunteerism stint administering vaccines, or thinking of committing to two years in the Peace Corps, there are a number of questions to ask yourself before you hop on the plane.
#1: Is the volunteer program reputable?
You are likely traveling overseas with the aid of an NGO. If it is your first time visiting this particular country, or your first time working with the volunteer coordinators, it is important that you do your research. You should be able to contact former volunteers, view pictures, and read a concrete mission statement and financial analysis. A bit of Googling is a great first step to find out information about the organization.
#2: Do you have enough money?
Though most volunteer programs provide an estimated budget for your volunteer work, including program fees, housing costs, and additional expenses, it is always a good idea to have more than you need. The cost of living may have increased, you may have to return home early, or you may choose to stay on longer. The last thing you want is to be stuck overseas without sufficient funds.
#3: Do you possess the right skills?
Many volunteer organizations are flexible when it comes to their requirements. However, some roles are highly specialized and require expert experience. When sending in your application, be honest about the skills you possess.
#4: Are your intentions pure?
Examining your intentions to volunteer is an extremely important aspect to consider. Are you volunteering to fluff your resume? Maybe you're looking for recognition from others? You'll most likely have a fulfilling experience if your intention to volunteer is to help people and make a positive difference.
#5: Are your expectations realistic?
Your intentions may be pure, but how realistic are your expectations? Do you think that volunteering at an English school in Ghana will lead you to save all the children of Africa? Or that teaching Indian women handicraft skills will save them all from a life of poverty? A healthy dose of reality combined with optimism is the best approach.
#6: Does the work environment suit you?
If your normal work involves interacting with people all day, you may be unhappy doing paperwork in an NGO's office. If you spend most of your time indoors, you might quickly tire of building houses or planting crops. Being in an unsuitable alien environment will only exacerbate your anxiety and prevent you from doing the best volunteer work you can.
#7: Have you researched the country?
Aside from the information your host NGO gives you, a bit of independent research will go a long way in your overall level of satisfaction. It's important to arm yourself with knowledge regarding cultural etiquette, the country's current political situation, and its internal and external history.
#8: Are you emotionally mature?
On your volunteer abroad trip, you are going to witness some harsh realities. You may be confronted with poverty, abused children, unfair social structures, and a host of other societal ailments. To be the most effective, you'll need to be emotionally solid.
#9: Are you high maintenance?
It's likely that your new accommodation will be less than glamorous and your food choices limited. You may have to share a cold shower with 20 other people, combat mosquitoes at night, or deal with unbearable heat with no air conditioning. Will you be able to work through these minor inconveniences?
#10: Are you prone to homesickness?
A full volunteer work schedule may not allow you the time to spend three hours on a video call with your boyfriend at home or the ability to receive texts from your friends on your iphone. Some people find being overseas for an extended period of time away from loved ones unbearable. You won't be a successful volunteer if you're wallowing in depression due to homesickness.

So You Want to be an Agricultural Veterinarian?

So You Want to be an Agricultural Veterinarian?

This guest feature was written by Jenny Lewiston who also writes for and
Do you love All Creatures Great and Small? Is it your dream to heal adorable cows, all of whom have huge, cartoon-like brown eyes? Then you might be considering a career as an agricultural veterinarian. But before you start buying novelty-sized “Get Well Soon” cards, or order any cow-print stethoscopes, there are a few questions to ask yourself concerning your chosen profession.

  • Do You Love School?

Though a love of animals will get you far in the world of veterinary medicine, you still need to attend college—for about eight years. This is not counting internships and specialization training after graduation. Even after passing the North American Veterinary Licensing Exam, you still need to constantly educate yourself to stay current with the latest veterinary breakthroughs. If you want to work with animals, but not invest as much time into your degree, think about a career as a veterinarian technician. For information about vet tech employment opportunities, please visit Vet-Tech-Schools.

  • Are You Strong Enough?

You can lead a horse to water, but you can't make it drink. Right? Well, if a horse is lying down in the mud, too sick to stand, then you can't actually lead that horse anywhere. As an agricultural veterinarian, it is your job to help those poor, yet gigantic, souls who cannot help themselves. This takes great strength, both emotional, and physical, and the ability to stay calm during life-threatening situations. Though hamsters and cows each have their own special and complicated physiology, you don't usually have to worry about a hamster kicking you in the head while you take his temperature.

  • Do You Love To Drive?

Sometimes people take their large animals to see a specialist, but more often the veterinarian comes to them. Since cows do not generally wait for you to have a cup of morning coffee before going into labor, or getting a hoof stuck in a barbed-wire fence, expect the phone to ring all hours of the night. And farm animals are usually, you guessed it, in very rural areas. So unless you already know each location like the back of you coffee mug, make sure you have a good map, or a reliable GPS, and some lively music for the hours you will spend on the road.

  • Are You a Good Boyscout (Always Prepared)?

Your vehicle is not only a means of travel: it must carry everything you will need to treat animals. Some examples are surgical equipment, medicine, x-ray machines, and stethoscopes (cow-print or otherwise). The conditions are not often sterile, and the lighting is generally bad. Think M*A*S*H* instead of ER. The cow or horse you treat might be covered in mud, or even lying in its own filth. From the miracle of birth to stitching up gashes, you need to feel confident that your office on wheels will carry you through any situation.

  • Do You Think All Animals Are Pets?

While it is easy to be swayed by a cow's big eyes and floppy ears into imagining him as some sort of overgrown dog, it is important to realize that these animals are not often pets. Not only is it your job to keep a single cow healthy, but there is the farmer's business to remember. For example, sanitation control between farms is crucial for preventing the spread of diseases among huge groups of livestock. So, even as you remember Ferdinand and Clarabelle, think of milk and hamburgers.

  • Do You Want to Run Your Own Business?

Most agricultural veterinarians work by themselves or with a small group of partners. Either way, you will basically be running your own business. So, while you should be calm and collected with those four-legged patients, you must be equally responsible regarding payments, expenses and advertising. Learn to be your own boss, and you will have more time to be a great veterinarian.

Thursday, March 3, 2011

Computer Virus Program

           Almost in the blink of an eye, computers and the Internet have become a fact of our daily lives. Numerous viruses struck computer systems worldwide during 1990s. When a sophisticated computer virus is introduced into the world of the Internet, it can spread by vast and lightning quick proportions. One of the first computer viruses to achieve serious results was the infamous “Satan Bug”, which attacked computers I the fall of 1993. The bug was the work of a 16 year old computer hacker from San Diego who was known around the Internet as Priest.
                   It worked its way into some US government systems and caused widespread panic. The State Department issued an alarm, and government employees on the CompuServe network posted terrified messages, claiming that the virus was capable of “eating” all the data on a computer. Most dramatically, the bug knocked out the computer system of the Secret Service for three days. When agents tracked down Priest, they found themselves face to face with a trouble maker of a new variety. The 16 years old did not work for anyone (least of all a hostile foreign government, a theory advanced by the media), and he had not targeted the Secret Service network at all.

           In fact, Priest seemed to have no devious plans at all. When asked about the origins of his career as a virus writer, he blithely said, “It was something to do besides blasting fur balls in Wing Commander (Video game).”