Thursday, July 9, 2015


Untriseptium – Eka-dubnium/Element 137

Untriseptium also known as eka-dubnium or element 137,is a hypothetical chemical element that has not been detected to occur naturally nor has been synthesised. Owing to drip instabilities, it is not clear if this element is physically conceivable. Its atomic number is 137 while its symbol is Uts. Itis a temporary IUPAC systematic element name which has been derived from the digit 137, wherein `un’ in Latin language unum means `one’, `tri’ comes from tres which means `three’ and `sept’ from either Greek hepta or Latin septua both of which mean seven.Research scientist generally discuss the element only as element 137 and trans-uranium elements such as this usually end up being named after a location of a laboratory or a scientist which does the work in atomic physics.

The term untriseptium is utilised as a placeholder in case of scientific articles with regards to search for element 137 and transuranic elements, those beyond uranium, excluding for microscopic quantities and for plutonium, are constantly artificially developed. Since the physicist Richard Feynman had first pointed out the significance of element 137, it is sometimes informally called Feynmanium – symbol Fy.

Grand Unified Theory - GUT

Feynman had noted that a simplistic interpretation of the relativistic Dirac equation turns into problems with regards to electron orbitals at Z> 1/α = 137, indicating that neutral atoms do not occur beyond untriseptium and that a periodic table of elements established on electron orbitals tends to break down at this point, though a more rigorous analysis calculates the limit to Z ≈ 173.Any element having an atomic number of more than 137 would need 1s electrons in order to travel faster than the speed of light.

In the early years of 1900, physicist supposed and speculated that this number could have been at the heart of a Grand Unified Theory - GUT which could coordinate the theories of electromagnetism, quantum mechanics as well as the gravity. Physicists however need to yet find any connection between the number 137 and any other physical law in the universe.

It is likely that such important equation could generate important number such as, one or pi, though this was not the case. Equation here is what is the consequences of an element with atomic number above 137 where 1s electrons should travel faster than the speed of light. Is `Feynmanium’, the last chemical which can physically exist?

137 – An Auspicious Number

The number 137 is considered to be an auspicious number and Feynman had recommended that physicists display this number prominently in their offices as a reminder of how much they do not know. Wolfgang Pauli, whose prohibiting principle, clarified the structure of the periodic table, was passionate with the number 137, discussed its significance with his friend and former psychoanalyst Carl Jung, a remarkable relationship explored in Arthur I Miller’s recent book – Deciphering the cosmic number, over fine wine.It is said that when Pauli was ill in Zurich in 1958, with pancreatic cancer, he was hospitalised in room number 137 and was convinced that his time had come and he was right.

137 were significant for Carl Jung since the number related to the Jewish mystical tradition known as the Cabbalah as indicated to physicist Victor Weisskopf by Gershom Scholem, the eminent Jewish scholar.

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