Showing posts with label Science Mystery. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Science Mystery. Show all posts

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Science Mystery: Magnetic North is on the Move

Science Mystery: Magnetic North is on the Move

World Magnetic Model

The northern magnetic pole of the Earth is said to be shifting towards Siberia away from the Canadian Artic. This shifting has compelled the scientists of NCEI to update the mid-cycle of World Magnetic Model– WMM. An official new magnetic model of the world is used for its navigation system which has been moving at a rate of about 50 to 60 kilometres per year, according to The Guardian. Essential to warrant precise navigation towards the North Pole, the World Magnetic Model update has moved ahead from a planned 2020 release owing to the present speed of this movement. The north magnetic pole is said to be on the move.

Instead of moving around as it had for ages, the pole had picked up considerable speed and is moving quickly towards Siberia. Funded by the US and UK military, usually an updated version of the World Magnetic Model is released once in five years wherein the last had been released in 2015. Release of the next version is scheduled to be towards the end of 2019.

The military utilises the World Magnetic Model for undersea and aircraft navigation, parachute positioning etc. The other governmental businesses like NASA, the Federal Aviation Administration, U.S. Forest Service and others tend to utilise this technology for the purpose of surveying and mapping, satellite/antenna tracing and air traffic management.

Unexpected Variations in Artic Area


Scientists have released an updated model to precisely present the changes of the magnetic field between 2015 and the present time, owing to the unexpected variations in the Artic area. This unexpected update before the official release of next year’s World Magnetic Model 2020, would warrant innocuous navigation for military application, search, rescue operation together with commercial airlines and others functioning around the North Pole.

 A geophysicist at the British Geological Survey in Edinburgh, Ciaran Beggan commented, `We know from old ship’s logs that in the past 400 years, the north magnetic pole has hung around northern Canada. Till the 1900s, it had moved perhaps tens of kilometres, back and forth. However in the past 50 years it had started to move north and in the past 30 years it started to accelerate away. It went from moving at about five to ten km a year to 50 to 60 km a year currently. It’s now moving rapidly towards Siberia’.

Affecting Navigation 


The World Magnetic Model tends to trail the situations of the magnetic poles of the Earth.Beggan had mentioned that they realised that mainly up around the north magnetic pole, the inaccuracieshad seemed to be great for it to be useful. The drifting pole has the tendency of affecting navigation in the Arctic. Should the GPS fail, the pilots on planes and ships will fall back on compass navigation and would require an updated map for their on-board computers.

The US military, at high altitudes, have named airport runways after their direction with regards to magnetic north and tends to change them when the pole moves. The recent movement of the pole is believed to be due to the formation of a narrow stream which is like the jet stream in the atmosphere, in the liquid outer core of the Earth. The iron-nickel core is said to be so hot that it tends to flow like water – 3,000 km below the surface creating the magnetic field and moving it around the planet.

Weakening of Magnetic Field


Beggan had stated that the north magnetic pole has been caught in this jet and is pushing it rapidly towards Siberia. The south magnetic pole seems to be moving much slower than the north due to the liquid outer core moving differently in the southern hemisphere. The magnetic field of the Earth is growing gradually weaker which is leading the scientist to contemplate that it will ultimately lead the north and the south poles to change places like a bar magnet toppling over.

From the traces of rocks, researchers are aware that this had taken place earlier though not in the past 780,000 years. Daniel Lathrop, a geophysicist at the University of Maryland stated that `it’s not a question of if it’s going to reverse, the question is when it’s going to reverse and such a flip would not be instantaneous, but would take 1,000 or more years to play out’.

Lathrop is of the belief that the flip would take place sooner than later owing to the weakening of the magnetic field, considering that an area in the south Atlantic had already overturned below the surface of the Earth. According to Beggan the rise and the fall in the strength of the magnetic field’s movement seems to be a part of its natural behaviour.

 He said that in the long term, the movement of the north magnetic field would become noticeable since it tends to affect where aurora, namely the northern lights, can be seen. He further commented that the aurora is focussed around the north magnetic pole in a ring enabling the pole to move and the aurora tends to follow it.

Tuesday, February 5, 2019

Scientists Proposed a Nuclear 'Tunnelbot' to Hunt Life in Europa's Hidden Ocean

Tunnelbot

Nuclear Powered `Tunnelbot’

To produce a path through the thick shell of ice, researchers’ are intending to send a nuclear-powered `tunnelbot’ to Europa to hunt for life. Being the 4th largest of Jupiter’s 53 moons, Europa has been considered as the best choice in the solar system to introduce alien life. Europa, Jupiter’s icy moon is said to be somewhat smaller than Earth’s moon. Europa circles every 3.5 days around Jupiter and is tidally locked similar to the Earth’s moon. In this manner it is on the same side, wherein Europa tends to face Jupiter all the time. It is presumed to have an iron core, a surface ocean of salty water and a rocky mantle resembling the Earth. This ocean unlike on earth is considered to be adequately deep covering the entire surface of Europa. Moreover being away from the sun, the surface of the ocean is said to be globally frozen all over. Specialists are of the opinion that the hidden ocean encircling Europa and warmed by powerful tidal forces owing to the gravity of Jupiter could have favourable conditions for life.

Extra-Terrestrial Life

The plan has been initiated by scientists at NASA. The concept is to drill into the moon with the help of nuclear-powered robot tunnelbot, in an attempt to locate signs of aliens. This effort would provide an opportunity of probing below Jupiter’s moon Europa. According to the researchers, it would give them some insight of any aliens lurking there. The water concealed below Europa seems to be the likely areas for hidden alien life which could be trapped in a crust of ice thereby making it tough to explore. Hence, the researchers’ are set on in drilling through the crust and navigate for extra-terrestrial life. The researchers are of the opinion that the icy crust tends to conceal a kind of liquid water ocean which vents through that crust and could deliver the essential heat and chemical ingredients necessary for life in that particular ocean.

Tunnelbot

To get some insight below the thick layer of ice, researchers of NASA Glenn Research COMPASS team which is said to be a team of scientists and engineers around the country and engaged in resolving problems for NASA, believe that they can come up with tunnelbot. A meeting of the researchers had been conducted in December with the American Geophysical Union wherein a proposal had been presented for a tunnelbot. The tunnelbot could utilize nuclear power for melting a path through the shell of Europa.

 This would be carrying a cargo which could be helpful in tracing for indications for existing/nonexistent life Researchers are of the opinion that the tunnelbot can be utilized as an advanced nuclear device or some radioactive `general-purpose heat bricks of NASA to create heat and power. However, the radiation could bring about some design challenges. The tunnelbot can move in the ice on the frozen moon, hunting for small lakes with the shell or signs of life in the ice. As it tends to get immersed deeper it would branch out into a fiber optic cable. This could rise to the surface, setting up communication transmit at a depth of 3, 6 and 9 miles.

Mystery & Challenge

Researchers have mentioned that when the tunnelbot reaches the liquid ocean it would arrange cables or launch a device to refrain from falling through and to lock itself in position. At this point of time it is at an initial speculative proposal. The payload to sample Europa’s water and ice or how to get the tunnelbot on the moon has not yet been reckoned out by the researchers. This seems to be a significant mystery and challenge. This plan poses as an amazing insight into the future robotic mission to Europa. Moreover, ultimately it would also explore to see if the distant moon tends to have any indication of life.

American Geophysical Union

The researchers had mentioned in a proposal at the 2018 meeting of the American Geophysical Union that they had performed a concept study for a nuclear powered tunnelbot which would navigate through the ice shell reaching the ocean. The tunnelbot would assess the habitability of the ice shell together with the underlying ocean. The researchers have observed that there would be some issues with the plan. It comprises of how the tunnelbot tends to get all the way to that part of the world to be navigated. They have noted on `how initial deployment on the surface would occur, though not addressed and seems to be a challenge for further progress.

Two Prospects

Based on this, they have considered two prospects, one which could be driven by a nuclear reactor while the other through heat source bricks. Both utilize heat produced from these sources for melting through ice sources. However another issue also arises from embedding deep in the world. It would be complex for message to be sent through the ice. This means that the robot would be carrying cable that could send messages to and fro, to Earth. Moreover, researchers would also have to safeguard that the tunnelbot would have to leave a cable or even float on reaching the ocean ensuring that the cable does not touch the water while digging through the ice.

Preparing Two Analyses

According to Andrew Dombard associate professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois at Chicago, thickness of the ice is likely to be between 2 and 30 kilometres. This could be a main hurdle for anyone to overcome to explore these areas and have some insight of bio-signature representative of life on Europa.

Mr Dombard together with his colleagues had come up with a solution and believed that a nuclear powered tunnelbot would be the best solution for this plan. Mr Dombard had commented that they were not worried of how the tunnelbot would get to Europa or get deployed in the ice. They had presumed that it would get there and hence focused on its operation of descent to the ocean. The space agency has stated that it is preparing two analyses, comprising of one which would be landing on the surface exploring the distant moon within the next year.

Friday, December 15, 2017

Scientists Just Discovered Our First Known Interstellar Visitor And It’s Pretty Weird

First Known Interstellar Object – Solar System

Scientists have been working on the Pan-STARRS (Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System) observatory at Haleakala, Hawaii just over a month back and had glimpses of something quite extraordinary, the first known interstellar object which had passed through the solar system.

They had distinguished observations together with details with the object for the past month and presently known as 11.2016 U1 `OUMUAMUA’, it seems to be the first object of this type. The `I’ signifies its interstellar origin – ISO. The interstellar `Oumuamua embarked in the solar system as though it had fallen from above, closing to within 0.25 AU from the sun which places it between the orbit of the sun and Mercury.



 However, there had been no clue of a tail as `Oumuamua' came near. The interstellar during its initial approach from above the solar system had been moving at a solid 15.8 miles per second – 25.5km/s and had bottomed out under the solar system after the gravity of the sun had pulled it in a different orbit. It is now on its way back out of the solar system on an altered route at an even higher speed of 44km/s.
 

Developing Follow-Up Strategy

 
Onumuamua – interstellar, is said to be quickly disappearing as it heads out of the solar system receding from the Sun as well as the Earth and receiving new observations quickly seems to be very vital. The IfA team comprising of those who had discovered 1l had prepared to follow up solar system discoveries quickly from Pan-STARRS, operated by the IfA, funded by NASA, according to Karen Meech, astronomer leading the investigative team who commented that they were capable of developing rapidly a follow-up strategy on a very short timescale.

It was exciting to think that the brief visit by Oumuamua had given them the opportunity to do the first representation of a sample from another solar system. Established on its observed characteristics, `Oumuamua is roughly the shape of a cigar with two of its axes around 80 meters across and the third 800 meters long. Its trail together with the speed recommends that it is not an ejected fragment of our own solar system at any earlier stage of its development.

 

Insight of the Cosmos

 
The research team tends to think that it is a distant prospect though this possibility could not be totally ruled out. They have speculated in fact that its encounter with our sun could have been the first instance interstellar `Oumuamua had encountered another star.

Though brief as it could have been, the complete encounter tends to remind us of the classic sci-fi book, `Rendezvous with Rama’ of Arthur C. Clarke wherein a massive cylindrical spacecraft on a quick approach in our own solar system had been explored by humans before it had continued on its journey to the Large Magellanic Cloud.

However, while we will not be seeing `Oumuamua’ again, the brief visit of the interstellar to our solar system has somewhat provided some insight of the cosmos to some extent.

Wednesday, October 25, 2017

Gravitational Waves Arrive in Europe

Gravitational Waves

Race of Detecting Gravitation Wave

One of the most amazing discoveries of 2015 done by the US gravitational waves observatory LIGO of a distant chirp from death-spiral comprising of two black holes had been an incredible logical, scientific and engineering achievement. Thereafter, other black hole mergers – GW151226 and GW170104 had been recognised. Now mapping out the universe of Einstein together with discovering the most extreme gravitational physics possible – the coalescence of black holes, is a new breed of `gravitational wave astronomers’. The fourth burst of gravitational waves had been announced recently and for the first time, Virgo detector of Europe had taken the initiative.

 The race of detecting gravitational waves could have `won’ them the LIGO observatory of US way back in 2015. However, in an amazing display of scientific cooperation with two of the global scientific superpowers namely, Europe and US, Virgo gravitational waves observatory of Europe tends to operate in close cooperation with the LIGO Scientific collaboration in order to monitor the sky for gravitational wave `generates’. It is said that the scientists and engineers of Australia are part of the LIGO Collaboration through the Australian Research Council together with its new Centre of Excellence OzGray.

Characteristic `Chirp’


At precisely 10:30:43 on August 14, 2016, two of the LIGO detectors one based in the US while the other Virgo detector based in Europe had felt the characteristic `chirp’ of passing gravitational waves. The black holes at this point of time had been around 30 and 25 times the mass of the Sun and nearly 2 billion light years away at the time of mergers. In several areas of scientific attempt, competition has become severe together with hundreds of telescopes distributed all over the world,often a rivalryarises to beat the competition to astronomical encounter which is not always appealing to observe. Considering this, gravitational waves astronomy is quite unique since it does not make much sense in competing.

Besides, gravitational waves, contrasting from light tend to travel through the Earth and therefore do not matter where the Earth is pointed during the time of events. Hence irrespective of where your gravitational wave detector is build, it could be part of a global network. Moreover there are some good dividends which could be earned.

Error Box 

In contrast to the first three gravitational waves identified, the delay this time between the arrival time of the waves at every three detectors could be utilised to `triangulate’the location on the sky’. At first the wave hit the LIGO Livingston detector, thereafter 8 milliseconds the Hanford detector saw the wave and after 14 milliseconds the wave reached Europe much to the happiness of the Europeans.

The existence of the third gravitational wave detector immensely reduced the `error box’ of the origin of the wave wherein the potential sky localisation reached from more than 1,000 to just 60 square degrees.The vagueness in the origin of the gravitational waves for the four events was detected.

Minus the European detector Virgo the error box tends to be quite huge that at times it is not clear which hemisphere it had originated from. The error box for GW170814 is adequately small to perform detailed searches at the other wavelengths.

Friday, July 7, 2017

Existence Of Orbiting Supermassive Black Holes Confirmed

Black Holes

Research on Interaction Between Black Holes


Astronomers at The University of New Mexico have informed that for the first time they have accomplished observing and measuring the orbital motion between two supermassive black holes hundreds of millions of light years from Earth, a discovery said to be more than a decade in the creation. Krishma Bansal, graduate student of UNM Department of Physics & Astronomy is said to be the first-author on the paper `Constraining the Orbit of the Supermassive Black Hole Binary 0402 +379’ published recently in The Astrophysical Journal.

 Bansal together with UNM Professor Greg Taylor and colleagues at Stanford, the U.S. Naval Observatory and the Gemini Observatory had been researching on the interaction between these black holes for 12 years. Taylor had informed that for a long time they had been looking in space to attempt and find a pair of these supermassive black holes orbiting as a result of two galaxies reunion.

Though they conceived that this should be happening, no one had seen it till now. An international team of researchers in early 2016, comprising of a UNM former student working on LIGO project had identified the presence of gravitational waves endorsing the 100-year-old prediction of Albert Einstein, surprising the scientific community.

The Very Long Baseline Array - VLBA


These gravitational waves had been the consequence of two stellar mass black holes bumping in space within the Hubble time and due to the latest research, the scientists are now in a position of beginning to comprehend what leads up to the merger of supermassive black holes that tends to create ripples in the fabric of space-time.

 They have begun to learn regarding the evolution of galaxies together with the role these black holes tend to play in it. Researchers have been able to observe several frequencies of radio signals emitted by these supermassive black holes – SMBH by utilising the Very Long Baseline Array – VLBA, which is a system made up of 10 radio telescopes all over the U.S. and operated in Socorro, N.M. The astronomers, over a period of time had been capable of planning their course and confirm them as visual binary system.

It meant that they observed these black holes in orbit with one another. Bansal had informed that when Dr Taylor had handed over the data, he had been at the beginning of learning how to image and understand the same. As he learned there was data going back to 2003 and they planned it, determining they were orbiting one another and the same was thrilling.

An Unbelievable Achievement


The discovery for Taylor was the outcome of over 20 years of work with an unbelievable achievement considering the accuracy needed to pull off these measurements. At approximately 750 million light years from Earth, the galaxy called 0402+379 together with the supermassive black holes in it, were exceedingly isolated though were also at the precise distance from Earth and from each other to be observed.

Bansal has informed that these supermassive black holes tend to have a blend of mass of 15 billion times that of the sun or 15 billion solar masses. The incredible size of these black holes means that their orbital period is about 24,000 years. While the team has perceived them for a decade they have still to look out for the slimmest curvature in their orbit.

Roger W. Romani, professor of physics at Stanford University as well as the member of the research team had informed that if one imagines a snail on the recently discovered Earth-like planet orbiting Prixima Centauri – 4,243 light years away, moving at 1 cm per second, it is the lanky motion they are determining here.

Binary Stars Offer Incredible Insights


Taylor had commented that what they have been able in doing is a true chemical achievement over the 12-year period utilising the VLBA in achieving adequate resolution and accuracy in the astrometry to really see the orbit happening, has been a bit of victory in technology to have been able to do so. Though the technical accomplishment of this finding has been really remarkable, Bansal and Taylor have stated that the research could also teach them a lot more regarding the universe where galaxies come from and when they go.

An astronomer with the U.S. Naval Observatory, Bob Zavala stated that the orbits of binary stars offer incredible insights regarding stars and now we will be in a position of using same techniques in understanding supermassive black holes as well as the galaxies they tend to reside in. On-going observation of the orbit and interaction of these two supermassive black holes could be helpful in obtaining an improved understanding of what the future of our galaxy could look like.

 Presently the Andromeda galaxy that has a SMBH also at its core is said to be on a path to run into with our Milky Way. Bansal has informed that the research team would be taking another observation of the system in three or four years and confirm the motion and gain an accurate orbit. The team in the meantime, anticipates that the discovery would encourage related work from the other astronomers across the globe.

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

'Second Earth' Proxima b Could Support Alien Life After All


ALIEN LIFE ON THE PROXIBA B

People can’t take away that we belong to the mother Earth and we are her children. Now, ever since the space travel came into inception, man has travelled to far distant lands in search of water and life and air. They have been successful to some extent. The best thing is that the last summer the researchers and the other scientists announced that the nearest star which is close to our Earth can be considered as the Second Earth. The name has been given Proxima b. the report suggests that alien life is possible on this second earth as the conditions supports that of the survival of life. it is indeed a great news.

THE FACTS

Last year in the month of August, the news of Proxima B came into existence. The planet is not more than 4.2 light years from our own planet. The discovery has led to the conclusion that the second earth has the perfect atmosphere to receive enough sum of light in order to sustain the fluid water on the body. There were some questions raised after the discovery of the Proxima b. well, the first one to shoot was that it might be the cause of a huge amount of radiation due to the proximity. Finally, the conclusion from the scientists is that this new planet can support life.

THE DISTANCE

The planet is very cool and is only 25.2 trillion miles from our earth. It is a red dwarf planet which belongs to the system of Alpha Centauri. This second earth is now a part of the Star shot project. The name is given as it is almost the same size of our own earth. The atmosphere is considered to be the same as that of our own earth. To break the barriers of climate’s knowledge, the scientists from the University of Exeter are doing their research.

THE WORKING

The Met office unified model have been used in order to understand the climate of the second earth. This is a great step as the weather pattern is the most important part of the planet. It will ensure whether life is possible or not. The weather is almost similar that of the earth. So, life is habitable on this second earth. The atmosphere comprised of carbon dioxide traces. So, life is possible on this planet.

THE FURTURE

The future is unpredictable but still we live with our hopes. This is what makes our lives more enchanting and give us one more reason to live another day. In the near future, there may be experiments held on the grounds of the second planet whether life can rally sustain with the elements found on the surface of the planet. The temperature of the planet is between -90 degree Celsius to 30 degree Celsius. The presence of liquid water makes the possibility even clearer.

Wednesday, June 21, 2017

Black Hole Computer Simulations Help to Identify Third Gravitational Wave

Gravitational Wave Signal

Significant contributions to gravitational wave astronomy continues with Rochester Institute of Technology researchers with the third detection of gravitational waves as well as a fresh black hole which is 49 time the size of the sun. The results from the detection of gravitational waves on January 4, was recently announced by the LIGO collaboration and the finding would be published in the journal Physical Review Letters.

 RIT scientists had supported the collaboration measure as well as interpreted black hole spins together with their alignment. These measurements could tell scientists on what occurred when massive stars tend to die and transform into black holes. The gravitational wave signal had been developed from the collision of black holes. The freshly located black hole which had been formed by the merger had a mass of around 49 times that of the sun.

This tends to fill in a breach between the masses of the two merged black holes detected earlier by LIGO, with that of the solar masses of 62 – the first detection and 21 – second detection. Richard O’Shaughnessy, associate professor in RIT’s School of Mathematical Sciences had commented that they can see the outlines of a population of black holes emerge.

Combination of Heavy Black Holes – Plenty of Net-Aligned Spin

The LIGO paper quotes O’Shaughnessy’s upcoming research that had been utilised in part to assist in interpreting the latest event. He had presented his work at the American Astronomical Society in Austin, Texas. He noted that the fresh observations rule excludes the possibility that combination of heavy black holes tend to have plenty of net-aligned spin and are in agreement with the breakthrough observation of 2015 of LIGO.

O’Shaughnessy stated that either since heavy black hole spins seems to be small or due to they being tilted, their net effect cancels out. Various teams have made diverse predictions for black hole spins and the most extreme forecasts are ruled out. With regards to the others, it is only a matter of time. Centre for Computational Relativity and Gravitation, a research at RIT is developing the techniques for comprehending the crucial astrophysical parameter spin according to Professor Carlos Lusto, in the School of Mathematical Science of RIT.

 Lousto had commented that at RIT, they are working on enhancing the spin measurements of the black holes by resolving to high precision the equations of Einstein and directly comparing those theoretical forecasts with those of the observed signals of LIGO.

Gravitational Ways Moves at Speed of Light

At the Centre for Computational Relativity and Gravitational of RIT, researchers have openly linked the wave signals to their computer simulations considering the equations of Albert Einstein. The latest interpretations have further tested the general theory of relativity and prediction of Einstein that gravitational ways tends to move always at the speed of light.

 No confirmation has been seen by LIGO that the waves had travelled at different speeds. According to Manuela Campanelli, director of the Centre for Computational Relativity and Gravitation and Frontier in Gravitational Astrophysics, which is an RIT signature research area, this third event is in a mass range intermediate to the earlier two events showing that the black hole mergers are common in the universe.

The members of the RIT of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration comprise of John Bero, Hans-Peter Bischof, Manuela Campanelli, James Healy, Brennan Ireland, Jacob Lange, Carolos Lusto, Rupal Mittal, Richard O’Shaughnessy, Monica Rizzo, Nicole Rosato, John Whelan, Andrew Williamson, Jared Wofford, Daniel Wysocki, and Yuanhao Zhang together with Yosef Zlochower.

The international collaboration tends to have around 1,000 members who seem to perform the research of LIGO along with the European-based Virgo Collaboration. The new discovery had taken place at the time of the prevailing observing run of LIGO that had started on November 30 2016 and would be continuing through the summer.

Interpretations of LIGO – Twin Detectors

The interpretations of LIGO had been carried out by twin detectors, one in Hanford, Wash while the other was in Livingston, La. It was operated by Caltech and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with subsidy from the National Science Foundation. The first undeviating surveillance of gravitational waves by LIGO was done in September 2015 while the second discovery was in December 2015.

The LIGO breakthrough paper obviously quotes 2005 landmark research done by Campanelli together with her team on binary black hole mergers and considering this milestone work, Lusto together with Healy statistically revealed the merger of a pair of black holes with replicated gravitational waveforms which seemed to match the first detection of LIGO.

Subsidized by the National Science Foundation, LIGO was operated by MIT and Caltech, conceived and the project was constructed. Monetary support for the Advanced LIGO project had been led by NSF with Germany – Max Planck Society, the U.K. – Science and Technology Facilities Council and Australia – Australian Research Council which made substantial commitments as well as contributions to the project.

Over 1,000 scientists from across the globe had participated in the work through the LIGO Scientific Collaboration that comprised of the GEO Collaboration. The partners of LIGO with the Virgo Collaboration which is a consortium comprising of 280 additional scientists all over Europe had been supported by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and Nikhef and Virgo’s host institution, the European Gravitational Observatory.

Monday, June 12, 2017

Leaked footage from top-secret Area 51 military base shows mysterious ALIEN craft


Area 51 – Base for Alien Spacecraft & Technology

Area 51 is said to be one of the secretive areas in the world and according to the author of the UFO Investigations Manual, Nigel Watson who informed MailOnline, Area 51 is said to be a magnet for those who are of the belief that the US Government knows a lot more about UFOs than they seem to reveal to the public. People like the late Boyd Bushman, a senior scientist who had worked for Lockheed Martin had declared that the Area 51 is a base where alien spacecraft and technology is stored and examined.

UFO hunters at Secure Team 10 have now exposed leaked footage which portrayed an unfamiliar craft hiding in the Nevada-based military facility. The peculiar video tends to portray a flying object soaring in the sky and later flying away, releasing a strange light while occasionally moving from side to side. Tyler Glockner running the SecureTeam 10 on the YouTube clip has commented that it is one of the mysterious pieces in UFOlogy. He has described the footage as a hidden gem which is said to be filmed in the 1980s or 1990s. The mysterious object seemed to be getting higher and higher releasing a peculiar light as per the footage.

Hot Spot for Alien Fanatics

However unconvinced ufologist Scott Brando running hoax busting website ufoofinterest.org had stated that the video had not been recorded at Area 51 but another top-secret USAF base in Nevada had been recorded. On May 30, 1995, Mr Brando had shown the same footage that had been recorded at the Nellis Air Force base in Las Vegas. He frequently highlights Secureteam 10 for confusing its over 750,000 subscribers. He together with other UFO hoax busters have claimed to have revealed its use of CGI footage and misrepresentation and the channel seems to be on the blacklist on a numb UFO website.

Mr Glockner has denied being a deliberate hoaxer and had claimed that his research is candid. Since late 1970s, the Nevada based military testing facility is said to be a crucial point of several conspiracy theorist as well as UFOlogists who have claimed that the base houses enigmatic alien technology. The extensive military complex is placed between a dry lake bed towards the North East and a small mountain to its West. Since 2013, area 51 has been a hot spot for alien fanatics since the government had not acknowledged it existence.

Historic Test Site for Military Aircraft

The same has remained enclosed from prying eyes of the public with guards equipped with weapons guarding the surrounding area. Statements of alien conspiracies near Area 51 have been largely exposed though the site has been confirmed as a historic test site for military aircraft.

Some of the well-known machines have been developed there comprising of the U-2 spy plane, SR-71 Blackbird and the F-117A Nighthawk stealth fighter. Area 51 is covered by a severe 23 by 25 mile, no-fly zone for civilian aircraft. Neighbouring viewpoints Freedom Ridge and White slides Peak providing vantage points watching down on the base are said to be prohibited to the public.

Thursday, June 1, 2017

Quantum Fluctuations Keeps the Universe Swell

Universe

Unsolved Mysteries in Science – Universe Expanding

One of the greatest unsolved mysteries in science is that our universe seems to be expanding and how and why this expansion has been quickening is not known. Academics this month recommended that it was owing to every point in space oscillating between expansion and contraction and instead of these changes cancelling each other out, there is a small net effect resulting in the universe to gradually expand normally.

A PhD student at the University of British Columbia, Canada, Qingdi Wang leading a team looking into these tiny fluctuations stated that space-time was not as static as it appeared and is continuously moving. This tends to take place at very tiny scales, billions and billions times smaller than even an electron.

 Physicists estimate that the expansion of the universe is due to the dark energy pushing matter away and though we are not aware of precisely what dark energy tends to be, there is something known as vacuum energy. It is said to be continuously altered by the fluctuation of virtual particles bursting in and out of way of life. It is said to be background energy created in the universe and is connected to uncertainty principle in quantum mechanics of Heisenberg.

Every Point in Space – Yo-Yoing – Expansion/Contraction

If the theory of quantum mechanics is applied to this vacuum energy concept it turns out to have additional energy than the total energy of all the particles in actuality. This would result in explosion of the place. Wang and Co had calculatedthat vacuum energy tends to be present without blowing apart the universe and have done so in a manner which puts the idea forward that every point in space is yo-yoing between expansion and contraction with a small increase in the direction of expansion.

Their effort had been published in Physical Review D recently. Co-author of their paper and a professor of physics and astronomy at the University, William Unruhhad compared the effects to waves rippling through an ocean.

The vacuum energy procedure is said to be alike the waves seen on the ocean. Unruh stated that they are not affected by the intense dance of the single atoms which makes up the water where the waves tend to ride. The fluctuations occur at the Planck scale at 10-33 cm which is complex to prove. However the researchers expect that it may indirectly be confirmed in the future.

Accelerated Expansion – Recognized Observation

Wang had explained to the Reg that accelerated expansion was already a recognized observation of the universe with tons of experimental consequences and their theory had explained this occurrence successfully. They would be generalizing the theory to be capable of clarifying the evolution of the universe in details, predict some latest patterns that could be examined in the near future in the interplanetary microwave background radiation.

Saul Perlmutter, Brian Schmidt and Adam Reiss, Nobel Prize winning astrophysicist had learned that the universe had been increasing at a fast rate in 1998. They found that the redshift for observed supernovae had been bigger than speculated. It recommended that the blowing up of stars had been moving at a quicker pace than believed earlier and the expansion of the universe had to be hurrying.

Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Mining the Moon Could Give Us Enough Rocket Fuel- Says Student Researcher

mining of moon

2017 Caltech Space Challenge

It’s been forty five years since man had last set foot on space and now the moon is said to be the focus of effort for not only exploring space but alsoto develop aenduring, independent space managing society.Scheduling an expedition to the nearest celestial neighbour of Earth is now no longer just an effort of NASA but the space agency of U.S has ideas for a moon-orbiting space station which would be serving as a performing ground for Mars mission in the early 2030s.

 A joint project – the United Launch Alliance between Lockheed Martin and Boeing has scheduled a lunar fuelling station for spacecraft with the potential of supporting 1,000 people living in space within 30 years. Billionaires Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos as well as Robert Bigelow have companies focussed on delivering people or goods to the moon.

 Many teams competing in partaking in the share on the cash prize of US$30 of Google are intending to launch travellers to the moon. Recently a few together with 27 other students from across the world had contributed in the 2017 Caltech Space Challenge suggesting designs on what a lunar launch and supply station for deep space mission could appear like and how it would function.

Moon – One-Sixth of Gravity of Earth

Presently all space missions depend on and are launched from Earth though its gravitational pull seems to be strong. In order to get into orbit, the rocket needs to be travelling 11 km a second – 25,000 miles per hour.

A rocket leaving Earth needs to carry the fuel essential to reach its destination and if needed to return back again. The fuel is said to be heavy and moving with it at such high speeds would take a lot of energy. If the refuelling is done in orbit, the launch energy could lift more travellers or cargo or scientific equipment in orbit.

The spacecraft could then refuel in space where the gravity of the Earth seems to be less powerful.The moon is said to have one-sixth of the gravity of Earth making it a pretty substitute base. Besides this, it also has ice wherein we are aware how to process into a hydrogen-oxygen propellant which can be utilised in several recent rockets.

The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter and Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite missions of NASA have now found considerable quantity of ice in long-lasting shadowed craters on the moon.

Prospector/Constructor/Miners

These would be tricky locations to mine since they tend to be colder and have no sunlight to power wandering vehicles. But big mirrors on the rims of the craters could be installed in order to illuminate solar panels in the permanently shaded regions.

Travellers set to launch in 2020 from Lunar X Prize competition from Google and Lunar Resource Prospector from NASA would also be contributing in locating good areas to mine ice. Based on where the best reserves of ice seem to be, it would be essential to build many small robotic moon bases. Each would mine ice, manufacture liquid propellant as well as transfer the same to passing spacecraft.

A plan of accomplishing these tasks with three various types of ramblers had been developed by the team. The plan also needed some small robotic shuttles in meeting up with nearby deep-space mission vehicles in lunar orbit. One of the rover known as Prospector would be exploring the moon and locate ice-bearing areas.

A second, the Constructor would be following along behind constructing a launch pad and packing down roadways to ease movements for the third kind of rover, the Miners. This would in fact amass the ice, delivering it to the nearest storage tanks and an electrolysis processing plant which tends to split water into hydrogen and oxygen.

Landing Pad – Lunar Resupply Shuttles

Moreover, the Constructor would also be erecting a mooring pad wherein small near moon vehicle spacecraft called Lunar Resupply Shuttles would be arriving for the collection of fuel for delivery as lately launched spacecraft pass by the moon.

The aircrafts would utilise the moon-made fuel and have advanced guidance together with navigation systems for travel between lunar bases and their object spacecraft. With the provision for adequate fuel being produced and the aircraft delivery system is tested and dependable, their intentions are for building a gas station in space.

The aircraft would be delivering ice straight to the orbiting fuel depot after which it would be processed into duel and where the rockets heading to Mars or any other area could dock to refill. The depot would be equipped with large solar arrays powering an electrolysis module for the purpose of melting the ice and later turning the water into fuel together with huge fuel tanks for storing what is prepared.

NASA has been operational on most of the technology essential for a depot such as this comprising of docking and fuel transfer. A working depot is expected to be ready in the early 2030s in time for the first human missions to Mars.

Earth-Moon Lagrangian Point – L1

The depot needs to be placed in a stable orbit probably near the Earth and the moon to be most useful as well as effective.The Earth-moon Lagrangian Point 1 – L1 is said to be a point in space around 85% of the way from Earth to the moon wherein the force of the gravity of the Earth would match the force of the gravity of the moon pulling in the other direction.

It seems to be an ideal pit stop for a spacecraft going on its way to Mars or the external planets. The team also located a fuel-efficient system of getting spacecraft from Earth orbit to the L1 depot which needed much less launch fuel and reducing more lift energy for cargo items. Initially, the spacecraft would be launching from Earth into Low Earth Orbit with empty propellant tank and then it could be towed with its cargo from Low Earth Orbit to the L1 depot utilising solar electric force tug, which is a spacecraft largely propelled by solar-powered electric thrusters and this would triple the payload delivery to Mars.

By assisting us in escaping the gravity of the Earth as well as its necessity on the resources, a lunar gas station can be the initial move to the big leap in making humankind a space civilization.

Thursday, May 25, 2017

The Mysterious Flashes of Light Even NASA Can't Explain

Enigmatic Flashes

A spacecraft witnessing Earth had within a span of only one year, spotted hundreds of enigmatic `flashes’ which mirrored off the surface of our planet. The strange spectacle is said to be traced all the way back to the 1990s when Carl Sagan the astronomer had noted identical mysterious glints in images from the spacecraft of Galileo.

Though it was initially presumed that these mysterious flashes of light only seemed over oceans with the possibility of streamlining their source, it has now been discovered by the scientists that they can be viewed over the land also. Researchers have in a new investigation observed that these surges probably tend to be surprisingly small source, tiny, horizontal ice crystals that float high in the sky.

The Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera – EPIC of NASA aboard the NOAA’s Deep Space Climate Observatory –DSCOVR had spotted 866 surges of light over the land between the launch of the observatory in 2015 and August 2016. DSCOVR deputy project scientist Alexander Marshak, had explained that the flashes which have been observed over the ocean could have simply been the reflection of sunlight over a smooth part of an ocean or lake. However the same could not be said regarding the flashes that were observed over the land.

Surge of Light Due to Water in Atmosphere

Marshak had informed that they had discovered some very bright flashes over land also and when they first witnessed it they thought that maybe there was some water there or a lake the sun seemed to be reflecting on.

 However the flint seemed to be quite big and so the same was not considered. EPIC tends to capture red, green and blue images many images apart resulting in the flashes to seem as tri-coloured fragments. The researchers suspected that if these strange occurrences had been caused due to reflected sunlight, they would be concentrated to distinct locations on Earth where the angle between the sun as well as the Earth would be similar as that between the spacecraft and Earth.

On plotting this it was discovered that the two matched. This seemed to be helpful, according to the researchers, to weed out lightning as a probable cause. Marshak had stated that lightning does not care about the sun and the location of EPIC. The researchers, in their study had imagined that the surge of light could be due to water high up in the atmosphere in the form of ice particles.

Presence of High Cirrus Clouds

In order to get an understanding, they plotted the angles of the reflections, tapping them into two channels on EPIC which enabled them to measure the height of clouds. The study showed the presence of high cirrus clouds 3 to 5 miles where these enigmatic flashes had been noticed. Besides these the angles suggested that they are positioned horizontally.

Marshak had informed that the cause of the flashes was definitely not on the ground and is certainly ice and most probably solar reflection off of horizontally focused on particles. This information is being utilised by the researchers to help in determining whether or not they have an impact on the extent of sunlight which tends to pass through the atmosphere.

The scientist state that in addition to the implications for Earth, glints like those spotted by DSCOVR could also be utilised to study exoplanet.

Wednesday, April 5, 2017

Radiation from Nearby Galaxies Helped Fuel First Monster Black Holes

Galaxy

Presence of Supermassive Blackholes – Confusion of Astronomers

The presence of supermassive black holes towards the beginning of the creation has given rise to confusion to astronomers from the time of their discovery, more than a decade back. A supermassive black hole is considered to be formed over billions of years, though more than two dozen of these behemoths have been seen within 800 million years of the Big Bang 13.8 billion of years ago.

A team of researchers from Dublin City University, Georgia Tech, Columbia University as well as the University of Helsinki, in their new study in the journal `Nature Astronomy’, showed signs of one concept on how these antique black holes which seemed to be around billion times heavier than the sun could be formed and seemed to put on weight rapidly.

The researchers showed that a black hole could swiftly develop towards the core of its host galaxy if an adjoining galaxy and seemed to emit sufficient radiation to switch off its capability to form stars. Hence restricted, the host galaxy is inclined to cultivate till it ultimately collapses, forming a black hole which feeds on the left over gas, and later, dust, dying stars, and perhaps other black holes, that become great colossal.
  

Collapse of Galaxy/Formation of a Million-solar-mass BlackHole


According to co-author, Zoltan Haiman, an astronomy professor at Columbia University commented that the collapse of the galaxy and the formation of a million-solar-mass black hole took around 100,000 years — a glitch in planetary times and a few hundred million years later, it had grown into a billion-solar-mass supermassive black hole.

This seemed to be much quicker than expected. Stars and galaxies in the early creation had been formed as molecular hydrogen cooled and flattened to primordial plasma of hydrogen and helium. This environment had limited black holes from growing very big since molecular hydrogen would turn gas into stars adequately far away to escape the black holes, gravitational pull.

Astronomers had come up with a number of methods that supermassive black holes could have overcome this obstacle. Haiman together with his colleagues, in their 2008 research had hypothesized that radiation from a considerable nearest galaxy could divide molecular hydrogen into a atomic hydrogen causing the nascent black hole together with its host galaxy to collapse instead of spawning new clusters of stars.

Research - Effects of Gravity/Fluid/Dynamics/Chemistry/Radiation

A study after this, headed by Eli Visbal a postdoctoral researcher a Columbia then had summed that the nearby galaxy could have been around 100 million times much bigger than the sun to emit adequate radiation in order to stop star formation.

 However, being comparatively rare, adequate galaxies of this size seemed to exist in the initial creation to describe the supermassive black holes witnessed so far. Presently the study, headed by John Regan, a postdoctoral researcher at Ireland’s Dublin City University, had displayed the procedure utilising software established by Columbia’s Greg Bryan wherein his study comprised of the effects of gravity, fluid dynamics, chemistry as well as radiation.

 Few days subsequently of crunching the numbers on a processer, the researchers established that the adjoining galaxy could have been smaller as well as closer than earlier assessed. A study co-author John Wise, the Dunn Family Associate Professor in Georgia Tech’s College of Physics, had commented that the nearby galaxy could not be too close, or too far away, and similar to the Goldilocks principle, excessively hot or cold.

Monday, March 27, 2017

Science Fiction Style Artificial Island to be Built in North Sea

Artificial Island
The world is in fear that the natural resources may come to an end in the next fifty years. For this, we need to use the renewable energy for completing our needs. With the world heavily dependent on the technology, a recent news has stated that an artificial island would be built in the North Sea, which is near to the coast of England. The island is supposed to be a home for millions and would have everything ranging from airport to fuel supply.

THE PLAN

The concept of artificial island is a quite surprise for the common mass as they are used to watch this in the sci-fi movies. But when this is taking place in reality, this is really exceptional. The island is supposed to be built in the large sandbank of Dogger Bank which is 62 miles off the east coast. The island will be fitted with windmills which can supply lots of power to the Northern countries of Europe such as Britain, Denmark, Germany, Dutch to name a few. The wind turbines can help to compensate the power supply in these European countries.

THE PROJECT

The project will be signed on 23rd of this month. The Danish farm named Energinet.dk is taking the responsibility to make this project come true of constructing the famous artificial island in the real world. This will be an incredible step towards the power supply in the years to come for many countries. The German farm is jointly working with the Dutch farm to make this happen. Once the electricity is generated from the wind turbines in the fake island, this can be supplied to different homes in and around Europe.

THE RENEWABLE ENERGY

The world is currently facing the threat of the extinction of the natural resources which in a way can put the lives of human lives in grave danger. For this, the Dutch farm and the German farm are trying their best to expand the power supply chain in the cross border countries. They have great experiences in the on-shore wind energy. So they are trying to explore what has not been done earlier by building a artificial island with huge number of wind turbines which can produce tons of electricity and light up millions of homes and industries in the Northern countries of Europe.

THE FUTURE

The artificial island has the perfect location and the environment for the production of electricity. Well, the Transmission System Operators are the leading members for this project and it is quite obvious they are the best suited. They would work with other Dutch colleagues in the most efficient manner so that the project gets completed at the earliest. The future is quite bright with the completion of the project. This is a great step towards saving the resources as well using the technology which will serve as a benefit for numerous countries. The power bank artificial islandwill surely going to be source of light for millions of people.

Friday, March 24, 2017

Archaeologists Uncover Ancient Egyptian Temple

Egyptian

Statues Discovered – Egyptian War Goddess

Around 66 statues have been discovered of an Egyptian war goddess that was believed to have warded off evil from the temple of Amenhotep III. The reign of Amenhotep III is said to have been from 1386 to 1349 BC and is considered as the peak of the prosperity, power and splendour of Egypt. It was surprising for the German scientist to locate the statues of Sekhmet goddess together with one of King Amenhotep III from a stunning black granite statue seated at a throne, at the time of restoration project in Luxor the location of the ancient city of Thebes.

 It had been located in the great court of the temple situated towards the west bank of the city of Luxor. These statues had been discovered while they were hunting for a temple wall which separated the two sites. Sekhmet known as `the powerful one ‘ is said to be the daughter of Egyptian sun god Ra and considered to ward off evil as well as ill health. She had great influence on the Egyptians so much so that when Amenemhat I, the first pharaoh of the twelfth dynasty had moved the capital of Egypt to Itjtawy, her spiritual centre also followed.

Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project

Some of her statues portray her in a standing position, holding the symbol of life – a sceptre which is prepared of papyrus. As per the Ministry of Antiquities, the Egyptian German archaeological mission who had been functioning in Luxor, on the temple of King Amenhotep III, directed by German Egyptologist Hourig Sourouzian, had excavated 66 statues together with fragments of statues for Sekhmet.Hourig Sourouzian director of the Colossi of Memnon as well as Amenhotep III Temple Conservation Project had commented saying that it was a masterpiece of ancient Egyptian sculpture, which was well carved and precisely polished.
Egyptian


The statue is said to portray the king as a young man and is presumed to have been custom-built at the time of his reign. As per historians, Pharaoh Amenhotep III was appointed a king at the tender age of 12 when he had inherited the empire which spanned from Euphrates to Sudan. As part of government restoration project that had started in 1998, his temple is being rebuilt and preserved.

Huge Construction of Architectural Prowess

Recently numerous unbelievable findings have come to light from his reign comprising of chilling finds in a 3,600 year old tomb.The undertaker's temple of Amenhotep III had been built between 1390 and 1353 BC in order to pay homage to the New Kingdom Pharaoh after his death. It had been a huge construction of architectural prowess which measured 100 metres wide by 600 metres in length and could have had several statues similar to the ones discovered signifying the king though also of sphinxes and gods.

The temple complex however had been built too close to the Nile where frequent flooding had caused plenty of damage. In 27 BC an earthquake and pillaging of stone together with sculptures for reuse in other structures had concluded the destruction. Towards the end of the 20th century, one thing only seemed to remain intact from the original structure which was the Colossi of Memnon, the two large statues that weighed about 720 tons, seated on thrones.

 The black granite statue which had been discovered by the team is said to be identical like another one found earlier in 2009. It is now on display at the Luxor Museum of Ancient Egyptian Art.

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Man May be Able to Survive on Mars

Mars
Survival is a tough job, no matter you analyze it from whichever perspective. From time immemorial scientists have carried several expeditions on the Fourth planet of the solar family. The evidence of water has germinated the whole crux behind the possibility of sustaining life on Mars.

The scientists have derived an extra element that adds to the idea of sustenance of life on the planet, Mars. The researchers have said that it is difficult to study the mantle of Mars, but they are trying to delve into the matter and make the mars’ mantle as familiar as that of Earth. So that life can exist much easily there. The researchers have said that the mars’ mantle is similar to that of Earth’s and it is not as complicated as it was expected to be.

The scientists have discovered Elysium, which is a magnanimous complex of Volcano on Mars, and is known for being the second largest Olympic Mons and rises to the length of almost 16 km. They have also discovered that the lava that flows round Elysium does persist having an primary mantle that dissolves at dissimilar temperatures as the surface rises differently across time. Researches have revealed that the fourth planet is utterly a much complicated planet in terms of geological evolution than it was expected. Perhaps the change in the surface that takes place due to the rise of volcano is the reason behind several effects of loading.

The entire research was led by David Susko said, who is a researcher at LSU Geology and Geophysics graduate. He said that Mars is more like Earth than like Moon. The expedition that was carried on Moon have revealed the fact that Moon lacks all the subordinate minerals that is vital for the sustenance of life which is present on Earth as a result of igneous-water contacts and weathering. We had witnessed Mars just like Moon that is lifeless, loaded with craters with several inactive volcanoes.

Mars is known as the red Planet and the more we dive into its several folds; we can find that it can sustain life and this planet is not at all identical to the Moon. Research is still being carried on in this field to figure out several more proofs that supports the idea of existence of life on Mars. Varieties of rocks have been discovered that has many geochemical compositions that ensure the fact that human population can exist on the fourth planet of the solar system.

Susko have confirmed that the features of volcano that are present on Mars are reported to be in the range of 3-4 billion years old. He also said that if they could trace the history of this volcano then they can easily figure out which rich ores and minerals are present on Mars that can be beneficial to support life on this planet. Such researches tend to claim that life can be possible on Mars with all the basic amenities.

Wednesday, March 1, 2017

3D Scanning Reveals Robert the Bruce Scottish King had Leprosy

Robert the Bruce
700 Year Old Face - Amazing Images Revealed – 3D Scans

For the first time in 700 years, the face of a heroic Scottish King has come up from the shadows wherein scientist have utilised 3D scans on the skull of Robert Bruce in creating amazing images which could have been of those during his time in power in Scotland in the 14th century.

One of the images portrays the king in his prime as a enormous and influential male having well-built neck with stocky frame while another displays that he could have had some weakness with indications of leprosy that had disfigured his upper jaw and nose. Robert Bruce was around 55 years of age and reigned from 1306 till his death In 1314, he had been at war to bring down his Scottish rivals together with the English regime in Scotland terminating in the battle of Bannockburn.

His new images had been developed in collaboration between historians from the University of Glasgow together with craniofacial experts from Liverpool John Moores University – (LJMU). The Director of LJMU’s Face Lab and a world renowned craniofacial identification expert, Professor Caroline Wilkinson had supported the facials reconstruction by undertaking a 3D scan of what was assumed to be his skull.

3D Reproduction Process –stereo-lithography

It is believed that the skull had been unearthed between 1818 and 1819 from Dunfermline Abbey in Fife and the facial structure of the king had been generated by utilising the process of a 3D reproduction which is known as `stereo-lithography’.

No trustworthy photographic illustrations of Bruce had been made during his time and written accounts do not convey anything regarding his appearance. Professor Wilkinson, who had been responsible for the facial reconstruction of Richard III, stated that on utilising the cast of the skull, they could precisely create the formation of the muscle from the positions of bones of the skull in defining the structure and the shape of the face.

He further added that the reconstruction could not portray the colour of his eyes, the tone of his skin as well as the colour of his hair. Two versions had been produced, one without leprosy and another one with a mild sign of leprosy. He added that he could have had leprosy though if he did it would probably be that it did not manifest strongly on his face, since this had not been documented.

Indications of Leprosy

According to researchers an image had portrayed him with a large and powerful male head which had been supported by a muscular neck together with stocky frame and showed him as a privileged person who could have relished the benefits of an excellent diet. The researchers further stated that his physique could have prepared him for the ruthless burdens of feudal warfare.However, he could also be having indications of leprosy, which had disfigured his upper jaw and nose wherein the researchers had created another version accounting for the same. This was so because the historians were of the belief that Bruce had suffered due to the disease that had affected him many time at the time of his reign which has probably ended in his death. In 1327 for instance, he was said to be so frail and he could only move his tongue.

Saturday, January 28, 2017

Gravity Waves On Venus Sparks Interest As Researchers Weigh In

Venus
Venus might be the closest look-alike to Earth we can get in our Solar system. It is likely dubbed as Earth’s sister planet due its similar size, mass, proximity to the Sun and composition. But that’s not why it has caught the eyes of scientists from all over the world. Huge waves have been spotted over the Venus atmosphere and what’s more mysterious is that these patches are stationary even though the clouds in the Venus atmosphere moves 100 meters per second.

What could be causing these unnatural patches? 

Since its discovery scientists and researchers have come forward with theories and the most plausible among them relates to the phenomenon widely observed on Earth and named as “Gravity waves”. These waves stretching over 6200 miles were created in the atmosphere just above the mountains by gravitational pull from the mountains as they flew over them. This would be a first time that these waves are observed on a planet.

What are Gravity waves? 

Gravity wave is an atmospheric phenomenon commonly seen on Earth surface that is laid with mountains. Roughly speaking they are formed when air ripples over rough and bumpy surfaces. The waves then move upwards and grow larger and larger in amplitude until they break just below the top of the clouds. It is speculated that the tall mountains over the Venus surface serve as a key factor in creating these giant gravity waves. Though the mechanism of the wave formation between Earth and Venus are quite different, the underlying principle remains intact. This feature which denotes atmospheric flow over the mountains should not be confused with “gravitation wave” which are time ripples in early universe.

These baffling spots were taken by Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency’s Akatsuki Spacecraft as it entered the Venus orbit in late 2015. Researchers from Rikko University in Tokyo studied these waves and published their research in the Natural Geoscience Journal this year. These stationary waves lasted for quite some time in the Venus Atmosphere and were seen between December 7 and 11. Researchers added that the most interesting and unique feature of this phenomenon was it being stationary and remaining at that exact same geographical spot despite the super rotation of the Venus atmosphere at speeds more than 100 meters.

Friday, January 27, 2017

Grieving Mother Sees the Ghost of Her Young Daughter in a Snapchat Photo

 
Ghost
A grieving mother was reported to having spotted the spirit of her daughter in a snapchat picture that was clicked by her son and sent to his friend.

Patricia Winchester a 44 year old office manager and a mother was freaked out when she saw a hazy figure flying over the picture sent by her 13 year old son Hunter Bound. Hunter Bound had shared a snapchat selfie with his friend and it was not until a week that his friend had replied him back with a circle around the figure and asking him what was it.

Hunter had freaked out at the mention of the same and could not understand what it was. The picture had scared him and let him to go to his mom and share the fear with her. As soon as Winchester was shown the picture she knew it was Adrianna her little daughter who had passed away at the age of 5 in the year 2006. Winchester had understood that Hunter was terrified and he even refused to sleep in that room.

Winchester reports that there had been earlier situations too when they had spotted the same figure in their house and sometimes an unknown presence near them which had left them question many things. Winchester shared an image of her daughter in white dress spotting the same look as that which can be made out from the eerie figure in the picture and she earnestly believes that it is her daughter.

Ghost_1


She says that it is not the first time that such incident has been reported. They have come across the situation a lot many times before. There have been situations where Hunter had told her that he felt something around and didn’t really know what it was. After Adrianna passed there was a time when they were standing outside the house and Hunter and the Dog had both been pointing upwards in recognition of something. The dog kept barking and Hunter did notice something which they were not able to make out of.

In 2013, when Winchester’s dad passed away, Adrianna did pay a visit to him. Winchester’s nephew and Hunter had been in her father’s room just before he died and they had seen their grandfather call Anna’s name and look up as if he could see her. Other times there have been situations where in some pictures there have been hazy figures sported and also the times when Adrianna’s pictures were moved from the shelf to the floor all by itself without having anyone in the house.

The activities have grown larger now and Winchester believes that she wants to seek answers for all of the acts. She believes that she wants to know of the presence and also acknowledge if she really is surrounded by her daughter’s presence. Probably the help of some paranormal expert would bring respite and solve the mysteries to calm Hunter down and also solve the mystery. And as Winchester never talks about her daughter, it is time for her to do the talking and seek the answers!

Tuesday, January 24, 2017

Plans for World First Floating City unveiled

 
Floating City
The time has come to unveil the first floating city in the world that is all set to appear on the off shore of the island of Tahiti in Pacific Ocean.

In a deal between the government of French Polynesia and SeaSteading Institute the construction work has been finalized. The plan is backed by the founder of PayPal, Peter Thiel and is all set to go under construction in 2 years. Although it looks like a bit ambitious and a much larger project but the planning has been going on since 5 years now for a permanent and innovative community floating at sea.

The Seasteading Institute that is based in California is of the view that building up the first floating city is the first step towards making the eight great moral imperatives. The experiments are done on the floating landscapes and new ideas are being tested on the issues like feeding hungry, curing the sick and even maintaining a clean and green atmosphere.

The government has marked an approval on the project based on the proving of the two facts i.e.

  • The project will benefit the local economy 
  • The project is proven to be environmental friendly
The project needs additional approval by the local government and France which is the owner of the territory. The SeaSteading institute executive director Randolph Hencken says that the Institute is trying to bring in societal choice along with trying building up things that hasn’t been tried before. They don’t want to go building the city from the scratch and chosen shelter waters to make the most of it. Draft of the plan and legislation is planned to be drawn next year along with the project construction that shall start in 2019.

The floating city island is said to be built on a network of 11 rectangular five sided platforms of about 50 x 50 metres to arrange the city style according to the resident’s needs. With three storied buildings to be made in the form of apartments, the floating city is said to include aquaculture farms, medical research facilities, energy powerhouses, and healthcare systems. The first lot of people residing in the floating city will be limited to about 250 to 300 people.

The floating city although planned to be autonomous is said to have brief connection with nations and have the political independence too. The dream that was started with prospects of using the International shelter for building city was preferred to be made off the coast to facilitate the residents to go on shore and acquire shelter in times of need if the situation be.

It is also believed that building an autonomous sea stead floating city will give the people ample vision to grow and bring a change in the social, environmental and political events that influence them. They will be more open towards innovation, technology, choice of government and sustainable growth. Predicted to cost around $15 million for each platform which is around the same cost as that of a land in London or New York, the overall cost of the floating city is estimated to be $167 million.

The project is said to change the course of living, vision and the way of the fundamental level of the government.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Planet Nine could be a 'Rogue World' Captured from another Solar System


ninth planet
Caltech/R. Hurt (IPAC)
What is there in the space? Is there really any evidence of solar system and its eight planets, as suggested by Science Text books? The world out there has always remained mysterious for us and we have believed everything what we were told by our teachers and text books. We know that many researches have been carried off till date by some renowned Astronauts but the most recent discovery involves the unveiling of the mystery behind the ninth planet of the solar system. Contemporary researches have heralded the ninth planet as a ‘fake planet’. The researches at New Mexico State University have concluded that it is no less than a rogue planet that was once counted as a part of our solar system.

It is an accepted fact that the ninth planet is no way a planet as it does not comprise of the qualities of a planet. Further researches have confirmed that this unidentified object is disturbing the orbits of icy objects. Facts also claim that the reason behind why the entire solar system is tilted is because of this rogue object.

The Scientists and Astronomers believes that the number of bodies and its orbits present there in the space as parts of solar system have been disturbed by the pull of this unidentified object. The Scientists have claimed that the Ninth Planet is approximately four times the size of our planet Earth and ten times its mass. From this we can understand that the force this unidentified planet can put in will definitely be able to disrupt the number of orbits.

This Planet Nine is said to have been relying on the gravitational pull it projects on the other objects. The Astronomers are worried that if this scenario persists then the doomsday for the Earth is very near.

Vesper and his mentor Paul Mason who is a professor of math and physical science ventured out for several encounters between our solar system and the rogue planet and have discovered that there are several planets or unidentified objects on the space and the ninth planet is also one of them. He said that these kind of rogue planets are abundant in number in the Galaxy. They have been suggested to even outnumber the stars that too by a huge difference and may also be a part of the dark matter in the galaxy as a resultant of circumbinary formation of planet. It has been concluded that if the number of such unidentified objects is so far reaching then the presence of this fake planet is acceptable.

However, there have been more than 40 encounters, but the rogue would finally come to an end after being captured by the solar system. Thus, the presence of this unidentified object in the Galaxy has turn out to be the matter of research for several Scientists and Astronomers which in near future will lead to an imperative discovery that will add a new dimension to that imaginative world and its objects.