Showing posts with label Pyramid. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Pyramid. Show all posts

Thursday, November 16, 2017

Hidden Structure InSided the Great Pyramid of Giza

Pyramid of Giza

Secrets of Great Pyramid of Giza

Scientists have come across a long hidden narrow emptiness in Great Pyramid of Giza which has revealed the secrets of the 4,500 year old monument. The emptiness is said to stretch for at least 30 metres above the Grand Gallery, an ascending corridor which tends to connect the chamber of the Queen to the Kings’ towards the core of the Pyramid.

The existence of the emptiness is not known or if there are any valuable artefacts within, since the same is not accessible. However, it tends to have the same dimensions to the Gallery of 50 metres long, eight metres high and about a metre wide. According to the researchers, it could be a construction gap’ section of a trench enabling workers to access the Grand Gallery as well as the chamber of the King while the rest of the pyramid was built.

The discovery came to light when physicist had taken images of the interior of the Pyramid utilising particles fired to Earth from space wherein these cosmic particles penetrated the rock in much the same way like X-rays though much deeper. Since the 19th century, the combination of efforts of the archaeologist, physicists as well as the historians have been considered as the biggest discovery within the Giza landmark.

Man-Made Construction of the World

The Great Pyramid or the Pyramid of Giza, built under the supervision of the Pharaoh Khufu and completed in 2550 BC, functioned as the tallest man-made construction of the world for thousands of years. The edifice, the only survivor of the ancient Seven Wonders of the World is also known as Khufu’s Pyramid. There is no general agreement with regards to its creation.

Scientists state that the latest finding published in the journal Nature could give some insight on its construction. In October 2015, in order to get better understandings regarding the Pyramid, researchers from various countries such as France and Japan had started a project to scan the structure.
 They made the discovery utilising cosmic-ray imaging, recording the behaviour of subatomic particles known as muons which tend to penetrate the rock. Muons that tend to travel through rock or any dense material will slow and ultimately stop.

 The reason is to catch the muons when they have passed through a Pyramid and to measure their energies as well as trajectories. Thereafter researchers can compile a 3D image which exposes the hidden chambers. This discovery according to the study brings about the possibility that the empty space could be connected to other various undiscovered structures within the Pyramid.

Scan Pyramids Big Void

Pyramid had detectors installed in it, including in the Queen’s Chamber. This enabled a glimpse of the interior of the Pyramid without physically disturbing the same, the outcome of which was the empty space differed from rock. The paper stated that the presence of the space, known as the ScanPyramids Big Void had been confirmed on utilising three various detection technologies for many months after the same had been discovered.

Thereafter the results had been analysed thrice. The ScanPyramids mission comprised of researchers from the Ministry of Antiquities, the University of Cairo, Egypt together with the non-profit organisation the heritage Innovations Preservation – HIP Institute. Author Mehdi Tayoubi, president and co-founder of the HIP Institute reported to MailOnline that the ScanPyramids Big Void is not a room or a chamber and they are not clear it is horizontal or inclined or it is composed by one or many successive structure, though it tends to be big.

The Grand Gallery is said to be an internal spectacular structure a type of internal cathedral towards the centre of the Pyramid. The said Big Void could be successive chambers, a tunnel, owing to the similar size characteristics like the Grand Gallery with the possibility of several theories.

Several Techniques – Scan Pyramid

The newly revealed structure, in spite of the discovery is still to be reached physically by any researcher. Mr Tayoubi, the report author had stated that this structure does not seem to be accessible and they don’t see any person had attempted considering the Grand Gallery, for accessing the void which is overhead.

He presumed that the void had been hidden from the time of the construction of the Pyramid and was not accessible. In spite of the discovery, the excavated structure is yet to be reached in person by any researcher. Mehdi Yayoubi stated that they need the technique and the right one at the right time in order to be capable of identifying it and to discover the same. He added that they were confident that the results were accurate, since no one had seen the interior of the void and the purpose of its construction tends to be mysterious.

According to the experts, the researchers claimed that it could be on an ascent meaning that it could have been utilised to transport massive blocks in the centre of the pyramid and then left. All through the process of their study, the team had utilised several techniques to scan the Pyramid.

Friday, November 7, 2014

Pyramid of Hellinikon

Pyramid of Hellinikon
Pyramid of Hellinikon – Man-Made Structures

There are around sixteen pyramids in Greece, some of which could be natural pyramidal hills while others like the Hellinikon pyramid were man-made structures. A thermo luminescence test was done by the Academy of Athens which dates the structure to 2720 BC contemporaneous with the age of the pyramid of Egypt.

The Pyramid of Hellinikon is located on the Peloponnes peninsular, around 8.5 km south-west of Argos and 3 km northeast of Kefalari. The purpose of its structure is unknown butit could probably be used for astronomical or observatory purpose. It is the remnants of the mysterious pyramids of the ancient Greek city Ellinika and is estimated to have historians and military bases.

It was first excavated in the early 1900s and 1960s by Germans and Americans and a Greek traveller, Pausanias described the structure as a pyramid, near Argos towards the ancient ruins of Tiryns. Not much remains of the graves in or near the structure. According to some theory, the pyramid of Hellinikon was a memorial to honour the fallen in battle, which brought the brothers and Proetus Akrisius of succession after his father, the king of Argos.

Pyramid of Hellinikon 1
Comprises of Pure Rock without Polish

The Hellinikon pyramid comprises of pure rock without any polish which was discovered in Mycenaean era and the function of this pyramid does not differmuch, that as a place of burial. The rooms are occupied by walls which should have been locked from inside and coupled with a platform roof indicating that one of the functions of this structure could be that it served as a control tower.

Other possibilities could be that it could have been used as a place of worship for heroes as well as warriors of ancient times.The archaeologists estimated that the Pyramids of Hellinikon originated during the period 600-400 BC according to modern methods of optical thermo luminescence. This information is found in archaeological circles which have been dismissed as impossible and the results too have been challenged. The pyramids could have been older than Cheops pyramids in Egypt.

Damaged and Dismantled Partially by Locals 

The Pyramid at Hellenikon has a shape of a tour having its external sides sloping, surrounding a rectangular building having a total dimension of 7,030 by 9,070m.Its external walls rise up high and tend to be vertical in order to support the floors of the building while the main entrance of the structure is situation towards its eastern area which is the side that is turned towards the bay of the Argolid.

From the interior, the gate leads to a narrow corridor towards a smaller entrance opening on the southern wall of the main space, a square room having side of about 7m long and the monument is built from the grey limestone of the district with large blocks in trapezoidal as well as partially polygonal style.

The pyramid is also mentioned in the book `Lost Knowledge Hunters’, designed by Erich von Daniken along with the team of authors. Building materials and artefacts disappeared and the pyramid was damaged and dismantled partially by the locals.

Monday, October 13, 2014

Cuicuilco Pyramid – Early Mesoamerican Site

Cuicuilco Pyramid
Cuicuilco is one of the early Mesoamerican sites which are believed to have been developed in Central Mexico at the time of the Formative period in 700 BC and 400 AD when it was completely destroyed due to volcanic eruption.

The site is located on the southern shore of the Texcoco Lake in the south-eastern Valley of Mexico, present day borough of Tlalpan in Mexico City. It was discovered by archaeologist Manuel Gamio in 1920 but the first investigation was done by Byron Cumming at Cuicuilco between 1923 and 1924 and this led to the discovery of the civic core of the site together with the main pyramid.

Towards 1968 when swimming pool for the Olympics was being constructed, they came across several other smaller, rectangular pyramids.The Cuicuilco pyramid is around 18 meters high and measures 20 metres in diameter, while its original height is estimated to be around 27 meters.

Gamio found four galleries with a central staircase which ascended to the summit and the site dating back to the 1st century is believed to have been one of the oldest pyramid structures predating Teotihuacan, north of Mexico City. It could also be the oldest city in the Valley of Mexico, roughly contemporary with or probably interacting with the Olmec civilization of the Gulf Coast.

First Stone Monument 

Cuicuilco Pyramid
The circular pyramid was the most important building of Cuicuilco having several superimposed altars which were found on top of the pyramid which in turn were painted red with traces of haematite. It was the first stone monument on the Mexican plateau and is truncated cone along with stone core with the rest of it made of sun dried brick having a stone facing.

The ancient city of Ticoman was discovered near the Pyramid of Cuicuilco.Archaeological discoveries, ceramic and structures portray that Cuicuilco developed during the first millennium BC as a small settlement where the inhabitants coordinated with other sites in the Mexico basin together with other distant regions.

It was originally founded as a farming village with evidence of early religious beliefs like stone offerings and the use of ceramics as grave goods and developed around large ceremonial centre with pyramids along with urban area including avenues and plazas with small shallow pools.

Dense Volcanic Lava Field – Pedregal de San Angel

At the site one will find dense volcanic lava field known as Pedregal de San Angel which covers an approximate area of 80 square km which includes the foothills of the Ajusco mountain range, reaching down to a nearby shore of the lake. Study done in 1956 indicates that the uneven lava deposits covered a depth of over 10 m in area and was the main factor for the preservation of Cuicuilco.

Moreover it was also a modern urban spot which had partial building structures that were associated with the National University of Mexico. Partial archaeological investigation could only be done with the modern building techniques causing damage to the prehistoric city.

Cuicuilco is a difficult situation due to its location and there are disputes on legislation and conservations with regards to the archaeological heritage. It main obstacle for investigation is that the area is covered entirely with lava layer.

Monday, October 4, 2010

What Mysteries does Pyramid Conceal? Part.IV

 And who made up this massive labor force? The Greek historian Herodotus put the number of workers at 100000 men, replaced every three months for a period of 20 years, though this is probably an exaggeration. An ancient barracks found nearby housed around 4000 men, and there were most likely several barracks in the area. The workers were not slaves and the work was not coerced, casting doubt on the biblical stories of cruel taskmasters brandishing whips. An inscription on the tomb of one pharaoh boasts that he never struck a worker hard enough to knock him down.
In fact, prisoners of war performed much of the heavy work, while peasants did much of the skilled labor. Paid in food, the peasants worked during the flood season, when farming was impossible. The pyramids can be said to have granted these workers certain immortality just as they have the pharaohs buried within.
In recent times, scientific research has shown that the orientation of the three pyramids on the Giza plateau- Cheops, Chefren and Mykerinos corresponds exactly to the stars in the constellation known as Orion’s Belt. In ancient Egypt, Orion’s Belt symbolized the god Osiris, the most important of the Egyptian gods.
In recent years, a German engineer, Rudolf Gantenbrink, probed the secrets of some of the narrowest passages as yet unreachable by human explorers with the help of a remote controlled robot camera. Gantenbrink discovered an enormous door at the end of a shaft. But he was never able to find out what lies hidden behind the door.

Friday, October 1, 2010

What Mysteries does Pyramid Conceal? Part.III

In the 20th century, one widely held theory held that the pyramids were carried to earth by aliens, and dropped into their current positions by UFOs. And yet the real story behind their creation which took place over a period of about 30 years is no less impressive, if less fantastic. 
The building process began with the hewing of the rocks, which were removed from quarries some as far as 600 miles away in Aswan. Most historians think the rocks were probably floated on rafts down the Nile in flood season, even though there is no archeological evidence of rafts large enough to float rocks of such enormous size. At the site of the pyramid, workers would first establish a level building surface by flooding the area with water, cutting a system of channels, and then digging until the water was level. A perimeter was then established and cut to the appropriate level, with the occasional large chunk of rock preserved.
A massive stone causeway was built on the banks of the Nile, facilitation the unloading process. The stones were dragged on wooden sledges resting on rollers for the half mile to the building site. Here, a team of masons and stonecutters worked at the rocks, smoothing them and preparing them for use.
Once ready, the huge stones were rolled into position, a process complicated by the fact that the wheel did not arrive in Egypt for another 800 years. Some scholars have suggested that the Egyptians built enormous tamps, lengthened as the building progressed, but with a constant slope; others have suggested a spiral tamp that snaked its way up the pyramid. The stone would be pushed to the tip of the ramp, and then placed on a bed of liquids mortars. It was then left to set. The ramps would be dismantled when the workers reached the top of the pyramid, as masons worked their way downward and smoothed the stones.

Thursday, September 30, 2010

What Mysteries does Pyramid Conceal? Part.II

The most magnificent pyramid standing today the only surviving structure of the seven wonders of the ancient world is the pyramid at Giza, built during the reign of Cheops, the Greek name for King Khufu. At the time of its construction, the pyramid rose some 482 feed, covered 13 acres, and weighed at least 6.5 million tons. Napoleon calculated that the material from which it was built over 2300000 blocks would form a wall around France 10 feet high and one foot wide. The grand scale of the Cheops pyramid is matched by its precise design.

 Each side of its base measures some 776 feet, and the sides vary by only 7.9 inches; the pyramid’s stones are placed so accurately that it’s impossible to fit a sheet of paper between them. The sides of the pyramid run with an error of a little more than 4 degrees, almost exactly from north to south and from east to west.
In the 19th century, as archeologists mapped out the pyramids, the wonder induced by these details encouraged a whole new pseudo scientific discipline. “Pyramidology” sought to discover the “Pyramid inch,” a standard unit that allowed the Egyptians to build with such uncanny precision. Standard such as pi, the mass and circumference of the earth, and the distance of earth to sun were suggested. Others proposed the theory that the pyramids were great stone texts, in which details of the entire history of the world had been encoded.  Pyramidologists stretched to even greater imaginative lengths to explain how these stone marvels were constructed. 

Tuesday, September 28, 2010

What Mysteries does Pyramid Conceal? Part.I

Even today, almost five thousand years after its completion, the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt is a technical masterpiece. But its builders left no plans that might explain how it came to be built. It is still not completely clear why the pyramid was erected. With so few answers available, it seems that the great Pyramid will be surrounded by mystery forever.
 On the west bank of the Nile stand the astonishing Pyramids. The very shape of the pyramid, with its sturdy, earthbound base and its apex reaching for the heavens, articulates the combination of technical skill and spiritual commitment that their construction required.
The golden age of construction in Egypt occurred during the Fourth Dynasty, from 2868 to 2613 BC. For the most part, the pyramids were meant to serve as burial chambers for Pharaohs and other high officials. The foundation of the Egyptian monarchy relied on the immortality of the Pharaoh, and thus was predicted on a devout belief in an afterlife.
 The pyramid not only glorified the pharaoh but served as a sort of antechamber in which he would wait until he entered the next world. The Egyptians perfected the art of embalming to preserve the buried body, and often stocked the pyramids with royal amenities the pharaoh would want with him in the afterlife. In one tomb, for example, archeologists found some 40,000 stone vessels, enough to satisfy even the most regal of mummies as well as a retinue of servants, often buried close by the pharaoh.