Friday, February 19, 2016

History of Forensic Science

Forensic Science

History of Forensic Science – Fingerprints Foremost Means of Application 

History of Forensic science dates thousands of years ago where fingerprinting had been one of the foremost means of applications. Fingerprints had been utilised by the ancient Chinese in identifying business documents. Good research writing services on history of forensic science can be availed from .

Forensic Science means any science that is utilised as proof in a court of law and is also meant as scientific analysis as well as a comparison utilised in identifying and investigating a crime. Forensic has been derived from the Latin word forensis which means `of or before the forum’. Though there are some examples of forensics that were employed in ancient times, the notion of utilising science in the combat against crime was not popular till late Middle Age owing to the occurrence of human poisoning all over Europe. Poisoning seemed to be difficult in detecting since the symptoms were identical to several of the not curable infections during that time. Towards the beginning of the 19th century, the initial steps were to demonstrate the use of poison by examining the body for toxic elements.

Different Fingerprints/Different Blood Groups Helped in Crime Detection 

The fact that everyone seemed to have different fingerprints did make an immense difference on the detection of crime together with the discovery that people tend to have different blood groups as well. Hence the blood stains left at the scene or found on an injured party could help in connecting to a suspect. The field of forensic science has come through a long way since the Chinese used the fingerprints in creating the identity of documents as well as clay sculptures.

This field is one of those few areas of law enforcement wherein science, technology as well as crime tend to meet and this combination lends support in the Theory of Transfer. It is `when two objects meet, some evidence of that meeting can later be found and verified’. One of the first recorded autopsy which was in the 15th century was of Julius Caesar in 44BC and the first forensics textbook had been produced. In the textbook, one of the first uses of science in identifying a murder weapon was mentioned. A murder had been committed wherein the trial judge had ordered that all the sickles in the village should be confiscated. Flies that were drawn towards a single sickle lead the judge to conclude that it was owing to the scent of the blood that they were drawn and confirmed that it was the murder weapon.

Forensic Science Has Broad Range of Application 

From the days of Sherlock Holmes to the TV shows, the world is enthralled by forensic science and the use of science in hooking criminals is not only charismatic but also extremely imposing. Forensic science also seems to be a very large arena having a long history of application wherein in recent times amazing development in sensitive and specific analysis systems have enabled analysis of the smallest traces of evidences to take place.

Forensic science tends to utilise exceedingly developed technologies in revealing scientific evidence in various fields. It is science that is used in public, or in a court or in the justice system and any science utilised for the sake of the law is said to be forensic science. In present times, forensic science has a broad range of applications and is used in civil cases like forgeries, fraud or negligence. It tends to aid law enforcement officials in determining if any laws or regulation are violated in the manufacture of medicines or in the use of pesticides on crops or in the marketing of foods and drinks. It is used in observing the agreement of numerous countries with international agreements like the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Chemical Weapons Convention.