Friday, April 22, 2011

Biblical contradictions

Do you know there are lots of discrepancies in the Holy Bible? I understand you’re raising your eyebrows Isn’t it. You just go ahead of reading this and finally come to a conclusion ok. Don’t think there are lots of contradictions and discrepancies only in Old Testament, the New Testament also have the same names mismatch, numbers mismatch, difference in genealogy, in accurate historical data, errors in geographical details, and various doctrines were advocated by various redactors.

 The Ten Commandments were wrote by the Yahweh himself on the stone tablet and given to Mosses (Deuteronomy 5:22) but according to Exodus 34:27 Mosses was told by the Yahweh himself to wrote the ten commandments. Other than King James Bible and Hebrew translation, almost all translations not revealed those things.

According to Exodus 25:16 the almighty ordered Mosses to keep the two Ten Commandments tablets in the Ark of Covenant. Exodus 40:16 & 40:20 in the second year first day of the first month Moses set up a tent and placed the Covenant box with the two tablets of Ten Commandments. Form this above what we are infer is the Covenant box was not made and it was not kept in the tent until the first day of first month of the second year of their wandering. 

Now come to Deuteronomy 10:1 Mosses states in his words the almighty told him to cut two similar stone tablets and keep them in a wooden box and take them with him to the mountain, which implies that the Covenant box and the stone tablets were made at the same time since then the Ten commandments tablets were kept in the box itself. Exodus and Deuteronomy verses are contradicting each other.                                                                                                                                                                          (cont.  )

Thursday, April 21, 2011

From Early Man's Tents to modern Palaces - 2.

As the Ice Age glaciers receded, farming communities were established across the continent of Europe, and houses were increasingly built to last. In the Mediterranean region and across Central Europe, they built rectangular houses, often with thatched roofs. One of these, dating from the 4th millennium BC, was excavated in Danube Valley in present day Bulgaria. In front of the house was an entrance room; behind was a living room with an oven and grind stone. As farmers moved deeper into temperate Europe, pitched roofs and overhanging eaves became important to cope with heavy rain and snow. Houses also began to include an area to stall animals on winter.

Cahokia was the largest town of the Mississippian culture of North America, lying across the Mississippi river modern St Louis. It may have housed as many as 30000 people in its heyday around 1050to 1250 AD. A substantial log palisade surrounded the central part of the town where the houses of the elite were built. These are constructed of timer poles and had high thatched roofs with a central opening through which smoke escaped from the hearth below. Each house was home to one family. Also located in the central compound were enormous terraced mounds in which the leaders of society were buried. Less important families lived outside the compound, their homes spread out on either side along a ridge above the Mississippi.

Chinese architecture embodies principles which have remained unchanged for centuries – wooden framed buildings where it was the wooden uprights, rather than the walls, that supported the roof. This limited the height and width of the house, and dictated steeply sloping roofs and large overhangs. Chinese houses were designed to be self contained worlds, each as precisely organized as the larger world outside, with the owner’s status evident in the building’s size. Set with in a walled courtyard, rooms and porches provided a series of open and closed spaces.

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

From Early Man's Tents to modern Palaces

The earliest human sought shelter, to protect themselves and their families against attack and the natural calamities. In satisfying these needs, they created ever more solid buildings, laying the foundations for modern community living. The many forms of habitation that developed reflected differences in climate, available materials, and the culture of the area and the status of the owner.

Stone Age men and women, though popularly seen as cave dwellers, did in fact build shelters for themselves. The remains of a branch shelter 300000 years old have been found at Terra Amata, near Nice in France. Much later, Homo sapiens moved north and east to hunt in areas bordering the great ice sheets. Some 15000 years ago hunters in Siberia were using tent like shelters made from animal skins, elephant’s tusks and bones.

Before 6000BC, the inhabitants of the Cypriot village of Khirokitia, located on the slopes of a river valley near the island’s south coast, built beehive shaped houses. Each beehive had a mud brick dome resting on a round limestone base, probably the easiest shape to build using the locally available materials similar structures have also been found, from the same period, on the Middle Eastern mainland. Inside the house, there was a hearth bench, and often brick piers to support an upper floor. Some may also have had annexes to house farm animals the courtyard outside had a well.

In the small Mesopotamian village of Tell Madhhur, a fire sometime in the 5th millennium spelt domestic catastrophe for the inhabitants of one house but left a treasure trove for archaeologists. Its walls survived and everyday objects were left in the ruins where they had formerly been used. A long room with a hearth formed the centre of the house, with smaller rooms opening from it on either sided. A store room stocked with pottery jars and a kitchen. An earthern ramp gave access to the roof which would have provided additional working and sleeping space, and other rooms used for various domestic activities. (Cont.)

Thursday, April 14, 2011

Medicine and Astrology in the Middle Ages

In the fourteenth century, the medical sciences were faced with many prejudices of the great doctors mix medicine and superstitions. Moreover, we find in their works a mixture of scholasticism, critics and superstitions. On the one hand, medicine has made great strides with the study of ancient authors, observation and experience, and on the other hand, lacked a solid foundation to medicine and anatomy was not adequately studied.

The fourteenth century, astrology plays an important role in medicine and its role is still important during the modern period. Everyone recognizes that science, what are kings, great scientists or the people. Astrology is an ancient practice that different civilizations have apparently developed independently. It is found in Babylonia as early as 3000 BC in China around 2000 BC, and various forms of astrology also existed in ancient India and among the Maya of Central America. Around 500 BC, astrology spread to Greece, where philosophers such as Pythagoras refined them in their religious and astronomical studies.

In astrology, we observe the positions and movements of astronomical bodies, particularly the Sun, Moon and Planets to interpret events on earth. The famous physician Guy de Chauliac explains the Great Plague of 1348 by the position of the stars.

The ancient astrologers have created the Zodiac, an imaginary area that was divided into twelve equal parts, signs; each bearing the name of the constellation is there. It also considers man as a little world, and all parts of the universe have their analogue in this small world. Thus, man is divided into twelve parts, each of which is governed by the sign of the zodiac match.
In addition, each sign is found in the nature of an element: it allows the observation is done in a mood more accurately. One can imagine the importance that might have a medical astrologer in the Middle Ages and the university greatly promoted. It is hard to distinguish at this time the difference between astrology and astronomy, and found these two disciplines in education.

We do not know precisely university education in this discipline, but the books were studied saitquels: Harbor Sacrobosco for teaching cosmology, the famous Almagest of Ptolemy, the Treaty of Astrolabe, Tables of Toledo for the practice of astronomical tables, and Theorica planetarum Gerardi for planetary astronomy. The teaching was at first in Faculty of Arts, then to a higher medical school. It was this teaching in major universities such as Paris, and the fourteenth century was the golden age of higher education in Western Europe.

Friday, April 8, 2011

A Strange Pyramid at a Strange Site

On the south shore of a salt lake discovered a pyramid of metal that would have 50 to 60 meters in height. In front of this structure are three caves whose entrances are triangular. The two smallest of these cavities have collapsed, but the biggest, the center is always accessible. Inside, a piece of pipe of 40 cm, split in two, lying on the ground. Another pipe, rusty, buried in the ground and only the end is visible. Outside the cave of half pipes, pieces of metal and stones of strange shapes are scattered on the south shore of the lake. Some pipes plunge into the water part. It is unclear what may be deep in salt water.

If this site had been discovered in the vicinity of an urban Chinese, the case would boil down to an issue of industrial pollution and its impact on the environment. But it lies at the foot of a mountain called Baigong Shan, in a remote corner of Qinghai Province, 40 km from the nearest town. Could it be that we have here the remains of an ancient alien launch base, which is said to be old to 30 000 to 20 million years, and the passionate evokes speculation in the Chinese press Qin Jianwen, head of publicity for the local government of Delingha, said: "The environment here is inhospitable, and nobody is certainly no modern industry.

There are only a few nomadic herders in the northern mountains. "Ye Zhou, the Lanzhou Morning News, one of the first journalists to have been there, wrote:" Without having seen [these remains] of your eyes, you could believe it. It is difficult to stick to a scientific discourse when talking about that. Only these iron pipes everywhere ... this is chilling. "The site was revealed for the first time in 1998 by a group of American scientists in search of dinosaur fossils’ team warned the local government of Delingha the presence of these structures, but did not attract (attention until June 2002 when a newspaper published Henan news of the discovery.

From their base in the neighboring Lanzhou, Ye and his colleagues decided to resume the new and conduct their own investigation. They produced six reports detailing the expedition and its discoveries. According to the Xinhua News Agency, the preliminary results of analysis of stones and metal indicate that pipes are made of 30% iron oxide, with a high rate of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide. 8% of the survey samples are categorized "unidentifiable".

The engineer Liu Shaolin Xitieshan foundry, which performed the analysis, said that the rate of silicon dioxide and calcium oxide indicate that the pipes were kept in the mountain site for a very long time, although its estimate is much lower that of the U.S. scientific theory that the iron would be 300 000 years. Liu estimated the age at 5000 years, which is still impressive, given that the techniques of casting human only go back about 2000 years.

The journalist Ye, Lanzhou, said: "The government of Delingha up the case into a tourist attraction. There is already a road sign pointing the way and the relics and they announced in guidebooks and investment" Reports preliminaries ended, researchers at the Organization of UFO Research in Beijing preparing an expedition further investigation, due to start in late July. Wei Yuguang, director of the Qinghai project, which recently returned to the site, gives what he found the description of a vacant lot. "The area is totally deserted; there is not a living creature within 800 km, although that beyond this invisible boundary there is a rich wildlife. There is no transportation and road is difficult to follow a car carrying journalists from Xinhua remained mired in a ditch.