The book Omphalos, by English naturalist Philip Gosse (He is the first creator of Institutional aquarium) appeared in 1857, providing food for thought for biologists and philosophers alike. A staunch opponent of evolution, Gosse was nevertheless aware of the fossil and geological evidence in support of it. To fend off critics, he came up with a answer to the question: Did Adam and Eve have navels? Since the navel is the vestige of birth- the cutting of the umbilical cord – Adam should have been created without one. But if Adam and Eve was both the model of the human being, they should have had one.
Gosse concluded that Adam and Eve both had navels because they were created as if they had been born from a womb. He even suggested that Adam may have been created with memories of a childhood that never happened so that he would be a normal human being. This speculation raised the possibility that all the physical evidence for the earth’s antiquity found in the ground – fossil remains; geological formation; pre historic habitation sites; and even dinosaur fossils – was created in 4004 BC so that the earth would appear to be millions of year old.
Why such a thorough and elaborate ruse would have been perpetrated by the Creator was never made clear- Gosse attributed it to a test of Faith- and neither was Gosse ever able to respond to the simplest question critics asked: how do we know that the entire universe was not create five minutes ago with all of human history, including the Biblical account of Creation, embedded in our memories as if it really happened?