Monday, July 6, 2015

Ancient Underground Tunnels of Germany

Underground Tunnel Networks - Discovered

Underground city is a sequence of linked subterranean space which could provide a defensive refuge, working or shopping, a place for living and much more. The term could also be related to a network of tunnels which could connect buildings below the street level that could house office blocks, metro stations, theatres and other attractions.

 Dr Heinrich Kusch, a German archaeologist, in his book - `Secrets of the Underground Door to an Ancient World’ relates that tunnels were dug under exactly hundreds of Neolithic settlements all over Europe and from the many tunnels which have survived 12,000 years indicate that the original network could have been quite massive. Kusch states that in Bavaria, Germany, alone around 7000 metres of these underground tunnel networks have been discovered.

In Styria, Austria around 350 meters long. Across Europe, there are thousands of them from the north in Scotland down to the Mediterranean. The tunnels seems to be quite small and measure only 70cm in width, which could be adequate for a person to creep through while in some areas, there are small rooms, storage chambers as well as seating places.

Purpose of Tunnels – Full of Speculation

Though several are of the belief that Stone Age humans were considered to be primitive, unbelievable discoveries like the 12,000 year old temple known as Gobekli Tepe in Turkey and Stonehenge in England that exhibit advanced astronomical knowledge portray that they were not primitive as many believe it to be. Discovery of the vast network of tunnels recommends that Stone Age humans were not just spending their days gathering and hunting.

The actual purpose of the tunnels is full of speculation where some experts are of the belief that they were ways to protect man from predator while others were of the opinion that they were for the purpose to travel safely, a means of shelter from harsh weather conditions or it could also be safe from wars and violence. But the scientists, at this stage are only presuming since the tunnels have not yet revealed their secrets of the past.

Some Perceived Catastrophe

However, the question is why should such network be constructed in the first place and the answer to it could be some catastrophe or perceived catastrophe. It could possibly be the ancient man’s underground `continuity of government’ or `continuity of culture’ network.

 Based on this, one could probably speculate that such networks gives some insight to some ancient breakaway civilization network of installations which could be similar with regards to our own civilization’s underground bunkers, cities and research facilities, but the size of the ancient structures in most cases is dwarfed by the modern.

In any case, the presences of these networks in Europe and South America could recommend that whatever could be the system that it was created for; they could have been in response to a global situation, the first manifestation of the underground bunker.

No one had any indication as to why man made subterranean systems like the Erdstall was built but at least 700 of them exist in the German state of Bavaria alone with many more still hidden across Europe, from Hungary to Spain.

Saturday, July 4, 2015


Geocentricity – Earth the Core of the Solar System

Geocentricity is the belief and the teaching that the earth is the core of the solar system and/or of the universe. From correct mathematics and observation, it has been proved egocentricity that the earth is the centre of the universe where the sun revolves around the earth once every day. This was what most of the people prior to Copernicus, Galileo and the others believed in the Middle Ages.

However the people then were uneducated and ignorant and did not have the telescopes as recent centuries had, but they knew to observe and to think. Most of them had the Bible which clearly stated over and over the sun rises and sets each day. Biblical creationist tend to view creation of the cosmos as an event which is Earth-centred and the areas beyond our world were created to `declare the glory of God’ and hence it is assumed that the Earth is at the relative centre of the cosmos.

Geocentrism historically has been accompanied by certainty in geistationarity that the Earth is completely stationary and believe that the celestial bodies tend to revolve round the Earth as in Ptolemaic astronomy. Some contemporary geocentrists support amended form of Tycho Brahes’ model of the solar system wherein the sun tends to orbit the earth.

Present Physicists Refer Geocentric Perspective as Machian

Present physicists at times tend to refer to the geocentric perspective as Machian after the popular physicist, Ernst Mach who had denied the existence of total motion and space and had hence maintained that geocentrism as well as heliocentrism were alike. The knowledge of geocentrims was presumed to be abandoned when most of the scientists supported the heliocentric model which stated that our planet is a part of the solar system which itself is a portion of a huge galaxy.

On the other hand, Einstein’s relatively theory indicates that the same frame of reference in observing motion is arbitrary and since all the movements observed are considered relative, this argument could be more philosophical as well as metaphysical than being scientific. Several of the scientific establishment had debated against egocentricity by stating that the Earth tends to move around the Sun and is not at a stationed point in the centre of the universe. Geocentrists who are not certainly creationists as some modern evolutionary establishment may seem to consider, hold two varied perspectives.

Universe Revolves Around the Earth, Causing Necessary Movement

To a certain extent they could be right that human knowledge of the universe is insufficient to completely rule out a geocentric positioning within and if, the universe had been created to be seen from earth, it would imply that it is at the relative centre. The other camp tends to take a more extreme approach where they are of the belief that the universe revolves around the earth and causes the necessary movement needed to have the day and night together with the seasonal changes.

According to geocentric theories, the force and mass of the universe results in effects on the earth like the Coriolis Effect andthese geocentrists consider the earth at the main centre of such movement in a way that the sun revolves around a stationary earth while the planets revolve around the sun. In such a type of concept, the earth is viewed not as a planet since it implies a moving object.

Friday, July 3, 2015

Boston Massacre

Boston Massacre – Incident on King Street 

The Boston Massacre was a street fight which took place on March 5, 1770. It was also known as the Incident on King Street by the British, an incident in which the British Army soldiers killed five male civilians, injuring six others. This incident was heavily publicized by leading Patriots like Paul Revere and Samuel Adams to add more animosity towards the British authorities.

The British troops were stationed at Boston, the capital of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1768 to protect and support crown appointed colonial officials trying to enforce unpopular Parliamentary legislation.

In the midst of the tense relation between the population and the soldiers, a crowd was formed around the British sentry who was exposed to verbal abuse and harassment. Eventually, he was supported by eight additional soldiers who were subjected to verbal threats and objects thrown at them.

They in turned, fired at the crowd without receiving orders, thereby killing three people and wounding several others. Later two more people succumbed to death due to the wounds received in the incident. Many colonists were killed in the incident which led to a campaign by speech-writers to arouse the public.

British Troop Not Welcomed 

The British troop’s presence was not welcomed in the city of Boston and the riot took place when around 50 citizens had attacked a British sentinel.A town meeting was organised demanding the removal of the British and the trial of Captain Preston and his men for murder where at the trial, John Adams and Josiah Quincy II defended the British which led to their release.

 Robert Treat Paine and Samuel Quincy were the attorneys for the prosecution. Two of the British soldiers were later found guilty of manslaughter. The Boston Massacre was an indication leading to the Revolutionary War which led directly to the Royal Governor vacating the army occupying the town of Boston. It would soon bring about the revolution to armed rebellion all over the colonies. From its name itself, this event of the American Revolution seemed to be the cause for popular myths and misconceptions.

Spark Ignited Revolutionary War

The Boston Massacre was not so called till many years after it had occurred. It was also called the State Street Massacre in the early 1800s. This histrionic shooting is described as the spark which ignited the Revolutionary War, in several history books and probably one of the reasons being the loss of human lives. In fact there were many other historic indicators though less dramatic that had moved Boston to revolt, some of which worth mentioning are Townshend Acts, Stamp Act and Boston Tea Party.

An interesting myth is that the brawl on King’s street originated from the accusations thrown at one of the British officers that he had not paid the wigmaker’s bill which makes an interesting story. Some could be speculating perhaps that the famous protest would not have taken place, had the bill been paid on time. On the contrary, the British officer Captain John Goldfinch had already settled the bid one day earlier.

Thursday, July 2, 2015

Acambaro Figurines

Acambaro Figures – Statuettes found Mexico – July 1944

The Acambaro Figures are statuettes that have been found, at an archaeological site,in July 1944under the direction of Waldemar Julsrud in Acambaro, in Mexico.Julsrud, a hardware salesman stumbled on the figures when he was riding his horse.

He then hired a Mexican farmer to dig up the figures, paying him for each figure he brought back where eventually the farmer together with his assistant brought around 32,000 figures that represented everything from dinosaurs to peoples from all over the world which included Egyptian, Sumerians as well as bearded Caucasians.

They seem to be small ceramic figures which according to some claim to resemble dinosaurs and at times mentioned as an archaism but there is an overpowering evidence that these figures are a modern ruse. Some are of the belief that these figures could be credible evidence for the co-existence of dinosaurs and humans, a thing which would disprove evolution, offering a literal interpretation of the Bible. However, with no reliable evidence for the validity of these figures of actual ancient artifacts, they are accepted by no reliable scholar of archaeology or palaeontology and the motive of those supporting them are doubtful.

Figures - First-Hand Experience 

Those supporting the Acambaro Figures are of the belief that various pieces of evidence indicate that the figures were not only 6500 – 1500 years old but were also developed from first-hand experience of dinosaurs as well as the cultures which the figure probably represented.

A young earth creationist supporter of the figures, Don Patton, provided what he believes to be accurate radiocarbon dates for the figures varying from 6500 to 1500 years and the labs that provided these dates claim that they were inadequate. However, Dennis Swift is of the belief that once the labs had discovered what they were dating, they withdrew their original dates to keep up with the agenda of the science community of suppressing the real knowledge.

 Several supporters mention various individual’s actual accounts of the excavation and the medium from which the artifacts have been unearthed. As per Swift, he has informed that the spaces around the figures were clearly an ancient section and if the figures had been planted as a hoax, there would have been some evidence of disrupted sections.

Appearance of Figures Being Ancient – Doubtful 

The Acambaro Figures based on the widely used line of support indicates its resemblance to the dinosaurs that features in Robert Bakker’s book DinosaurHeresies and is claimed to resemble these figures to the drawing and is evident that the figures were made from first-hand experience. The figures seem to be too accurate to be anything other than first-hand representations.

The circumstances from which the figures appeared, seems to be doubtful. Julsrud who claims to have paid the farmers for every figure they brought him provided a motive for them to create their own figures and disguise them as ancient artifacts. As per DiPeso, he observed that the surface of the figures were brand new and showed no evidence of being in the ground for at least 1500 years. Had they been authentic artifacts, there would have been scratched and marred from the rocky soil which is characteristic of artifacts found at the Mexico site.

Moreover, those probably digging up these artifacts were inexperienced people. Archaeologist Charles C. DiPeso, working for the Amerind Foundation, an anthropological organization dedicated in preserving Native American culture also mentioned that he saw them actually crush through the authentic artifacts in order to reach the figures though none of them which were uncovered had any such marks on them.

Figures an Indication of a Hoax

Besides these, other evidence comprised of fresh manure that was found beneath the ground, fingerprints found under the ground with black fill from other areas was discovered in sterile red earth. All these are indication of previously tampering with the site. The total number of complete figures that were found is an indication of a hoax.

 With 32,000 figures that were found, all of them were in perfect shape except for a few that were broken, probably to create an impression of illusion of ancient times. If the figures were of authentic antiquities, they could not be preserved with such excellence in an inhospitable atmosphere and pottery is always reveals fragments known as sherds. Among the 32,000 unblemished ceramics that had been discovered, none had fragments but were in perfect condition.

The figures continues to draw attention till date and have been mentioned in some pseudoscientific books of David Lewis, like the Atlantis Rising while another young Earth creationist, Don Patten a staunch supporter has also proposed some new lines of evidence which include the figure’s resemblance to the dinosaurs that are portrayed in the book of Robert Bakker. Presently the collections of Waldemar Julsrud are on display in its own museum in Acambaro while the internet provides the essential information for those interested in believing in its validity.

Wednesday, July 1, 2015

God Helmet Experiment

The God Helmet – Laboratory Apparatus

The God Helmet is a name given to a laboratory apparatus which was earlier known as `Koren Helmet’ after Stanley Koren of Laurentian University’s Neuroscience Department. This was created as per the specifications given by its director, Dr M.A.Persinger. Utilised as a research tool for investigating the brain’s role in religious and mystic experiences, the KoranHelmet is given the name `God Helmet’. Few of the journalists have given it this name when they realised the some had visions of God at the time of participating in Koren Helmet experiment and this name prevailed. It was developed to study creativity, religious experience as well as the effects of refined stimulation of the temporal lobes. Participants reported of `sensed presence’, when they wore the God helmet which brought about an awareness resulting in various TV documentaries and the device was used in Persinger’s study in the field of neurotheology, which is the study of the neural association of religions and spirituality.

Mystical Experiences & Altered States

When the apparatus is placed on the head of an experimental subject, it tends to generate a weak fluctuating magnetic fields that Persinger relates as `complex’, which are nearly as strong as the ones generated by a land line telephone handset or a hair dryer though much less than an ordinary refrigerator magnet and almost a million times weaker than transcranial magnetic stimulation. It has been reported by Persinger that several subjects have been recounted on `mystical experiences and altered states at the time of wearing the God Helmet.

Foundation of this theoryhas been criticised in the scientific press, academics, anecdotal reports by journals and documentarists and have been mixed with several effects reported by Persinger are not yet independently duplicated. An attempt of duplication published in the scientific literature had indicated a failure to reproduce Persinger’s effect. It was proposed by authors that the suggestibility of participants, improper blinding of participants or eccentric methodology could clarify the results of Persinger. Persinger debates that the replication was flawed technically though the researcher have been firm by their replication.

Complex Magnetic Signals to Head

Recently other researchers have published a replication of one God Helmet experiment. The Koren Helmet applies complex magnetic signals to the head of the one wearing it and the field do not work by inducing current in the brain. There are patterns which have information as well as magnetic fields which tend to appear around technical activity in the brain that picks it up.

The Koren Helmet is said to be connected to a PC computer via a black box which cycles the signals via four coils on each side of the head, above the place from the temporal lobes of the brain that meet the parietal lobes. This is that part of the brain which researchers feel is the source of spiritual as well as religious experience connection.The sessions are performed in an Acoustic Chamber which is totally silent.

 A big part of the temporal lobes on-going activity is devoted to monitoring ambient sound and the temporal lobes are said to be the source of religious and mystic experience. Silence aids a great deal in creating them in the lab. The same chamber also tends to have layer of electromagnetic insulation so that the ambient energy released from the lab equipment, cell phone towers as well as computer monitor is screened out. Due to the magnetic fields that tend to pass through this screen, the God Helmet research has reached some interesting discoveries with regards to magnetic field of the earth