Thursday, August 8, 2013

Get Education from the Comfort of Your Home

Getting academic qualifications in recent times has become not only a preserve for those attending classes on campus, but also for those willing to pay for tuition services that can be offered in their homes. Have you ever thought about a teacher or lecturer coming to look for you and not the other way round? Well when it comes to home tuition Singapore is the place to go. Services are offered for some of the perceived hardcore subjects such as physics tuition which enhances your skills in physics and many other courses just from your couch.

What Are Tuition Agencies?

For the sake of those who are not so familiar with what these tuition agencies do, perhaps people from overseas and those that are not based in Singapore, this article will explain to you what tuition agencies are and why this field is flourishing in Singapore. Physics tuition has become one of the most sought for services due to the complexity of the course and its application in the ever advancing technology in the world. So if you one of the people who long for some tuition Singapore has the services for you.

In simple terms tuition agencies are commercial organizations who normally work to offer the services that can be offered by high quality tutors for the students who need extra help academically. These agencies specialize in different areas such as Physics tutors, Mathematics tutors. Either the agencies may only specialize in one field of study or in some cases they may have only tutors of a specific gender.

Functions of Tuition Agencies

Tuition agencies are designed to cover the gap that may occur between parents or students who may be looking for a tutor or tutors who look for students and assignments to teach. The tutors may choose to specialize in their areas of profession by branding themselves. However this is not the case for newer tutors and those with little experience who may opt to register with a number of tuition agencies so that when assignments or students come by they get those that are interested in their field.

Who Are The Tutors?

These tutors are in most cases self employed and in Singapore many tutors are part timers who are pursuing their university education or those that are still young in their careers. The preferences of the clients in Singapore differ depending on the background of the tutors. These include part time university tutors, NIE trained tutors or full time graduates. They may also include teachers who teach in public schools and can afford some private time to do part time teaching.

Payment for Tuition

As a part time or a full time tutor, one thing that you cannot avoid is that the higher your qualifications the better the terms of payment. Payments are also made per hour of tuitioning depending on the capability of the tutors and the clients. For clients or students it is free to find tutors in most cases. But on the other hand the tutors are charged commissions whenever they get clients to teach. Their registration with the firms is also free of charge.

In Singapore the tuition sector is quite competitive therefore agencies have to do their best for them to stand out from the other agencies. All agencies are also required to register with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) established by the business registration act.
James Liao a.k.a The Educationist of Singapore, a MASTERS scholar from NTU, has been on the forefront of Singapore's education fabric for more than a decade. Through this period he has helped many students improve from F9 to A1 in Chemistry, Physics, A.Maths and E.Maths. As a result, these same students managed to qualify for Junior Colleges and most of them have already graduated from NTU, NUS and SMU.

Tuesday, August 6, 2013

History mystery: Carthage Gateway to rich Western trade -3

Ancient Carthage is still being excavated, but only glimpses of the city are likely to be revealed. Not only is the site overlaid by the remains of a later Roman city, but modern Carthage, a suburb of Tunis, lies on top. The only overall view of a Punic city clear of the debris of later habitation lay to the north-west, at the small town of Kerkouane on Cape Bon. Little evidence of early Carthaginian produce has survived. Textiles were woven for the domestic market and for export and recent excavations uncovered purple-dye works in a suburb of the city, and in Kerkouane. Salted fish and slaves were major exports as well as being in great demand in the city. The eastern Phoenicians were renowned craftsmen in ivory and metals, and the Carthaginians maintained these high standards.

They took inspiration from the products of their neighbours and combined this with their own ideas to create distinctive Carthaginian pieces. Their workshops manufactured a wide variety of objects, from gaudy trinkets to exquisite jewellery and fine furniture. Domestic crafts were probable overshadowed by the city’s many imports, from Etruria, Egypt and Greece. Nearly all of the fine pottery found at Carthage is of Greek or Graeco-Italian origin. But Carthaginian workshops did produce small terracotta figurines and extraordinary terracotta images of grimacing faces, perhaps once hung in homes to protect against evil spirits. And Carthage excelled at food production. After the 4th century BC, shipments of Carthaginian grain are recorded in Athens.

In a famous incident in the Roman Senate, Cato the Elder brandished Carthaginian figs while expounding on the threat that the city posed to Rome. The Carthaginians were valiant seamen. A tantalizing reference in a later Roman text credits one Himilco with a northward voyage of many months that may have reached Brittany and even Cornwall. The merchants of Carthage are known to have dealt in Cornish tin ore, but there is no evidence that the city’s own ships made such a long and perilous voyage; Spanish or Gallic traders were probably the link with distant Britain. One great Carthaginian sea voyage has been recorded. In the 5th century BC, a man named Hanno is said to have travelled down the west coast of Africa, reaching as far perhaps as the modern Ivory Coast. On his return, he recorded his journey on a bronze tablet at Carthage, and a version of the text survives in Latin. The account remains controversial. Only part of the narrative is straightforward reporting – for example, a section describing how the explorers took colonists to Lixus in Morocco. More intriguing passages describe pygmies, wild animals, a volcanic eruption, and various geographical features such as rivers and mountains. The order of the text is jumbled, and the full length of the journey is unclear; colourful inventions seem to have been mixed with factual statements.

 In their more far-reaching ventures, Greek writers relate, the Carthaginians used a so-called ‘silent barter’ for trading with primitive tribes. Seeking gold, the Carthaginians would spread out their wares and signal to attract the natives. The natives would then present their offerings of the precious ore. If it was sufficient, the Carthaginians would take it, leaving their own goods in payment; if not, they would wait until more gold was brought. Both sides apparently respected the system. Like the Greeks and Romans, the Carthaginians believed in Gods and goddesses with their own special roles. There were two main deities: Tanit, who was patron goddess of Carthage and an earth mother who has presided over the moon; and Baal, the sky god. Between them they represented the very basic powers of human and agricultural fertility – powers that a primitive society depended on their survival. The people also worshipped various lesser deities – gods who sometimes corresponded to minor deities venerated in Greek and Roman religion. Where the Carthaginians differed most strikingly from their contemporaries was in the survival of primitive religious practices – in particular, the rite of human sacrifice. This dark practice had been known in Bronze Age Greece and elsewhere, but it horrified the writers of classical times. The Carthage ritual is described in detail by Diodorus, the Sicilian Greek historian. Sacrifices took place at night before a great bronze statue of the supreme god, Baal Hammon. The parents brought their sacrificial child to the site – an infant between two and three years old, sometimes older. The ceremony included loud music and a great deal of festivity (which would drawn out the crying of the child), and at the appropriate moment the child was taken by a priest to have his or her throat slit in a secret ritual. The body was then placed on the statue’s outstretched arms, from which it rolled off into the flames of a fire. During the crisis in the 4th century when Agathocles besieged Carthage, 200 children are said to have been sacrificed.

Innovative Ideas For The High School Classroom

As more information becomes available about how individual students learn, many teachers are looking for new teaching methods that allow them to both engage students in their lessons and still meet the common core standards set by the state.  In order to reach every student in the classroom, teachers must employ a variety of techniques in each class period to keep them all engaged and captivated.  Rather than viewing the standards as a necessary evil that require more work from both teachers and students, proactive teachers can simply use new teaching methods to design common core lesson plans that engage ALL types of learners and make the classroom an environment of learning and fun.

Allow Your Students to Debate and Argue

Teenagers love a good argument, and the chance to rebel against authority and each other.  Why not harness this innate desire to rebel against authority into a productive learning experience in the classroom?  Create a debate during a class period, and place students on each side of an issue.  Require them to investigate the pros and cons of both points of view, and allow them to have a formal debate with each other.  If they are placed on a side they don’t necessarily agree with, they are then forced to discover the good points of both sides of an argument.  Students can also benefit from learning how to disagree with others in a productive and educational way.

Hold a Panel Discussion with Experts

Bring “experts” into your classroom and form a panel through which your students are allowed to ask interesting questions.  Ask your students to submit questions before the day of the event so you have the chance to choose the most thought-provoking questions from the bunch.  A panel of experts brings a fresh view on a topic, and gives your students the chance to see how the information they are learning truly will apply to their future and their real lives.  When students are tired of listening to you speak, a panel can refresh their interest and spark their desire to learn more about a particular topic.  Some examples of expert panels are:

  • Public service professionals such as police officers, firemen, or drug enforcement officers
  • Possible career choices such as doctors, executives, or social workers
  • Mothers, fathers, and child care professionals to discuss the reality of having children
These are just a few examples of the many panels that could be brought in to have a productive discussion with your classroom.

Ask Your Students to Take on a New Role

Role-playing has been used for decades as an effective way for students to participate.  You can take it one step further by really asking your students to get into a role.  Ask them to take on the personality of the person, or really try to feel passionately about a topic.  To encourage them to think even more critically, ask them to switch sides of the issue and portray the opposite side.  This gives your students a chance to see both sides of an issue, and to realize that there are valid points to every argument.

Classrooms as Internships for Real Life

The high school classroom is the last place where many students will learn information and skills to help them have a successful future.  With more engaging lesson plans, teachers can meet the core standards set by the state, and provide a life changing experience for students.

This article was written by Jonathan Peters.

Friday, August 2, 2013

History mystery: Carthage Gateway to rich Western trade -2

In Tunisia, they looked inland. Some of the most fertile land in North Africa was within reach of their city. By the time of Agathocle’s invasion they were farming it, producing cereals, livestock, fruit, and vegetables. A Sicilian historian, Diodorus, gives a vivid impression of Agathocle’s soldiers gazing open-mouthed in awe at the abundant orchards and rich country houses of Cape Bon, north-west of the city. Meanwhile, Carthage extended control over the trading bases on the North African coast and the Mediterranean islands. Almost accidentally, an empire was born, and Carthage came to rival the most advanced cities of the Greek world.

Its population was estimated by the geographer Strabo at 700,000. This seems excessive; Athens itself had no more than about 250,000 inhabitants. The figure may refer to Carthage and the territories it administered but a six-figure population is plausible for a city which, at its height, covered an area of 5km2 (nearly 2sq miles), with a further 15 to 25km2 (6 to 9½ sq miles) of suburban villas. Archaeological evidence, once meagre, has grown rapidly since UNESCO launched a ‘Save Carthage’ campaign in 1972. It has emerged that Carthage was every bit as magnificent as the descriptions suggest.

The heyday of the city is termed Late Punic, referring roughly to the years between 30 and 146 BC. (Punic is simply a term of Phoenicians of the west.) The key period in the city’s expansion corresponds with the era when the Carthaginians started farming and established themselves as an imperial power. But remains of an earlier, more modest Carthage have also been found – tombs, a sacrificial precinct, and the debris of a few buildings. The position of these tombs provides fascinating evidence of the city’s growth. Historians believe that, like the Greeks and Romans, the Carthaginians had religious taboos about burial within the city limits, and moved their burial places farther out as the settlement grew bigger. But early cemeteries lie beneath the later town.

For example, 6th century BC burials lie under 3rd and 2nd century BC houses on the hill which dominates the city. The hill is the Byrsa, or citadel, of Carthage – mentioned in ancient texts as the last bastion of the defenders under the final Roman onslaught. On its slopes, archaeologists have discovered one complete insula or block of buildings, with its surrounding streets, and parts of neighbouring insulae and streets. From this evidence the shadowy city begins to take form and substance. The main buildings were grouped around a large market square, which served as a meeting place. On top of the Byrsa was the Temple of Eshmun, the Carthaginian god of healing. The other buildings on the Byrsa – shops and houses – date back to the city’s later days. They seem to have been two storeys high, built of sun-dried brick and stone. Their walls were faced with plaster, and their floors decorated with mosaic and coloured cements. The shops opened onto the street, and people gained access to the houses behind them through corridors leading to small courtyards. Other houses, found by German archaeologists working down on the coast, reveal the same basic plan, but are larger, with colonnades surrounding the courtyards. These were the seaside homes of the wealthy – though the sea view must have been obstructed by the massive city wall in front of them.

 The wall, according to an ancient text, was over 12m (39ft) high and 9m (29½ ft) thick, with arsenals and even stabling for elephants set into its stones. This daunting fortification enclosed the whole of the city, including the harbours and some suburban areas, over a circuit of 32km (20 miles). The harbours were among the most striking feature of ancient Carthage. The two man-made basins, one for merchant shipping and one for military fleets, were connected by a channel of water. Covered dry docks could take in a fleet of 220 vessels. British excavations in the military basin revealed sheds for vessels measuring about 5m (16ft) across and 30m (98 ft) in length. The warships would have been shallow-bottomed oared galleys, which relied on speed for their effectiveness in battle. The harbours were only about 2m (6½ ft) deep, but were extensive; the merchant basin covered some 6ha (15 acres) or more, and the military some 5ha (12 acres). Scooping them out was an impressive feat – it would have yielded some 191,150m3 (6.75 million cu ft) of soil. The work seems to have been carried out as late as the 3rd century BC.

Don't Be an Accident Statistic

It's easy enough to minimize fender benders and other common accidents by practicing safe driving habits. However, that still leaves the evening news full of strange incidents that can threaten your safety while you're in a car. You can prepare for these unusual misfortunes by following these guidelines. The main thing to remember is to always keep your cool.

Maneuver through High-Speed Blowouts
Minimize your chances of a high-speed blowout by keeping your tires properly inflated and making sure the suspension is correctly aligned. Whenever you fill up the gas tank, examine your tires for wear and replace them as needed. If a blowout surprises you anyway, do not slam on the brakes. Instead, steer away from the direction in which the car wants to skid and apply steady pressure on the brakes. You want to maintain maximum control while maneuvering your vehicle to the side of the road. Slow the vehicle by downshifting with a manual transmission or shifting into second or low gear with an automatic.
Avoid Road Rage Monsters
You've probably encountered these aggressive monsters. They rush into open spaces without regard to how slowly traffic is moving and intimidate a slow car in front of them by sitting on their horns, flashing their lights, or letting lose colorful verbal and finger expressions. If you find such a person behind you, pull over into an empty lane and let them pass. If that isn't enough to end their harassment, take a deep breath to calm down and drive to the nearest police station. If necessary, go inside and consult an officer. More than likely, the road rager will have long since disappeared.
Escape Underwater
If your car falls into water, don't panic and remember that every second counts. Unfasten your seat belt and move your head to the air pocket near the top or rear of your vehicle. Water pressure will keep your doors shut, so don't even try them. Instead, breathe deeply and slowly roll down your windows to equalize the pressure. Prepare for a forceful torrent of water. Then swim out of the small opening and up to the surface. If you can, have a window-breaking tool within easy reach. You can use its pointed end to break through window and windshield glass.
Flee a forest fire
The only way to drive out of a wildfire is if you can beyond the road ahead. Otherwise, smoke will impair your visibility and you won't know if you're driving over a live electric wire or into an oncoming fire truck. Keep your windows rolled up, shut your vents, and turn on the air-conditioner under "recirculate." Drive through any fire lines only if the way beyond is clear or you may be trapped within the flames.
National Safety Council: What to Do If You Have a Blowout on the Highway
NHTSA: Aggressive Drivers
ABC News: How to Escape from a Sinking Car
WikiHow: How to Survive a Wildfire While Trapped in a Vehicle
Jessica Atlass is a mother of two and has previous work experience with Consumer Rights. She is an avid blogger and an advocate for safety. She has published a Guide for Both Cyclists and Drivers and Is Distracted Driving The New Drunk Driving? on