Thursday, May 5, 2011

Adam’s First Wife Lilith?!?!

From my previous post you may aware that the Old Testament has many inconsistencies. To explain those inconstancies and to resolve them Midarsh was developed. Midarsh was a system developed in Jewish literature to interpret the contradictions and give a precise meaning to the religious text of the Bible. Midrashic writing attains its glory in the 2 century and subsequent interpretations of the Bible were influenced by it. (Note: In the middle of this post I will refer Kabbalah, another mystical Jewish literature also)

According to Midarsh, Lilith was   Adam’s first wife and not Eve. Lilith was the very first protester against male chauvinism. Yes she was! During a sexual intercourse Adam wants to prove his authority and forced her to lie beneath, but she refused and rebelled against him and deserted him. (Refer: Sepher Ben Sira, Midrashic collections of proverbs). As Lilith vanished in the air, Adam got irritated and wanted her back, to satisfy Adam God sent his three angels (Senoy, Sansenoy, and Semangelof) and they found her in the Red sea. The angels threaten her if she is not coming back to Adam, one hundred of her sons would die every day but in spite of the threat she was not turn back to Adam. Since then she harm the new born. According Sumer- Babylonian legends Lilith was a winged evil spirit who kills infants and women in child birth. More over Lilith was incarnate extravagance and lust. And she is who have sexual intercourse with men in their dreams thus cause wet dreams.

According to Kabbalah Lilith was a demon who seduce men and kill children. As she was not obeying her husband Adam though she was equal with Adam she was described as evil.

Ref: The Apocryphal Testament of Reuben
      Isaiah 34:14( This is the only reference in Bible)           
      Sepher Ben Sira

Wednesday, May 4, 2011

Biblical contradictions Part.II

When you compare the book of Genesis and Chronicles 1, you can find lot of letter confusion. The reasons behind this are the following: The Jewish scribes who transmit the text to the next generations could not do perfectly with the Hebrew letters since some of the Hebrew letters are similar to each other. If you compare both the genealogies given in Genesis and Chronicles 1 at least 114 names disagree with each other.

Some of the names in Bible are transposed the name of the tree Almug, Keseb, Shalami etc are transposed as Algum, Kebes and Shamlai respectively (there are more such transpositions of letters are there.)
Most of the names are related with some exceptional incidents in the life. The name of Adam means ground as he was created from earth. Abram’s name was altered as Abraham which means fatherhood.
Most of the names have “ Baal “ with their names, remember Nebuchadnezzar god name is  Bel. This name Baal is related with the Pagan goddess.  Because they hatred Pagan gods names; in later period the names have changed (example the name Eshbaal as Ishbosheth). You can find the name change in Jewish Scriptures also more than hundred places the term YAHWEH as ADONAY by Jewish scribes. In Hebrew  Yahweh means “standing before”.  One who standing before is inferior in Hebrew and hence they changed Yahweh as Adonay.

Do You Know?
According to Midrashic literature, Adams first wife was Lilith and Eve was his second wife.

Friday, April 22, 2011

Biblical contradictions

Do you know there are lots of discrepancies in the Holy Bible? I understand you’re raising your eyebrows Isn’t it. You just go ahead of reading this and finally come to a conclusion ok. Don’t think there are lots of contradictions and discrepancies only in Old Testament, the New Testament also have the same names mismatch, numbers mismatch, difference in genealogy, in accurate historical data, errors in geographical details, and various doctrines were advocated by various redactors.

 The Ten Commandments were wrote by the Yahweh himself on the stone tablet and given to Mosses (Deuteronomy 5:22) but according to Exodus 34:27 Mosses was told by the Yahweh himself to wrote the ten commandments. Other than King James Bible and Hebrew translation, almost all translations not revealed those things.

According to Exodus 25:16 the almighty ordered Mosses to keep the two Ten Commandments tablets in the Ark of Covenant. Exodus 40:16 & 40:20 in the second year first day of the first month Moses set up a tent and placed the Covenant box with the two tablets of Ten Commandments. Form this above what we are infer is the Covenant box was not made and it was not kept in the tent until the first day of first month of the second year of their wandering. 

Now come to Deuteronomy 10:1 Mosses states in his words the almighty told him to cut two similar stone tablets and keep them in a wooden box and take them with him to the mountain, which implies that the Covenant box and the stone tablets were made at the same time since then the Ten commandments tablets were kept in the box itself. Exodus and Deuteronomy verses are contradicting each other.                                                                                                                                                                          (cont.  )

Thursday, April 21, 2011

From Early Man's Tents to modern Palaces - 2.

As the Ice Age glaciers receded, farming communities were established across the continent of Europe, and houses were increasingly built to last. In the Mediterranean region and across Central Europe, they built rectangular houses, often with thatched roofs. One of these, dating from the 4th millennium BC, was excavated in Danube Valley in present day Bulgaria. In front of the house was an entrance room; behind was a living room with an oven and grind stone. As farmers moved deeper into temperate Europe, pitched roofs and overhanging eaves became important to cope with heavy rain and snow. Houses also began to include an area to stall animals on winter.

Cahokia was the largest town of the Mississippian culture of North America, lying across the Mississippi river modern St Louis. It may have housed as many as 30000 people in its heyday around 1050to 1250 AD. A substantial log palisade surrounded the central part of the town where the houses of the elite were built. These are constructed of timer poles and had high thatched roofs with a central opening through which smoke escaped from the hearth below. Each house was home to one family. Also located in the central compound were enormous terraced mounds in which the leaders of society were buried. Less important families lived outside the compound, their homes spread out on either side along a ridge above the Mississippi.

Chinese architecture embodies principles which have remained unchanged for centuries – wooden framed buildings where it was the wooden uprights, rather than the walls, that supported the roof. This limited the height and width of the house, and dictated steeply sloping roofs and large overhangs. Chinese houses were designed to be self contained worlds, each as precisely organized as the larger world outside, with the owner’s status evident in the building’s size. Set with in a walled courtyard, rooms and porches provided a series of open and closed spaces.

Tuesday, April 19, 2011

From Early Man's Tents to modern Palaces

The earliest human sought shelter, to protect themselves and their families against attack and the natural calamities. In satisfying these needs, they created ever more solid buildings, laying the foundations for modern community living. The many forms of habitation that developed reflected differences in climate, available materials, and the culture of the area and the status of the owner.

Stone Age men and women, though popularly seen as cave dwellers, did in fact build shelters for themselves. The remains of a branch shelter 300000 years old have been found at Terra Amata, near Nice in France. Much later, Homo sapiens moved north and east to hunt in areas bordering the great ice sheets. Some 15000 years ago hunters in Siberia were using tent like shelters made from animal skins, elephant’s tusks and bones.

Before 6000BC, the inhabitants of the Cypriot village of Khirokitia, located on the slopes of a river valley near the island’s south coast, built beehive shaped houses. Each beehive had a mud brick dome resting on a round limestone base, probably the easiest shape to build using the locally available materials similar structures have also been found, from the same period, on the Middle Eastern mainland. Inside the house, there was a hearth bench, and often brick piers to support an upper floor. Some may also have had annexes to house farm animals the courtyard outside had a well.

In the small Mesopotamian village of Tell Madhhur, a fire sometime in the 5th millennium spelt domestic catastrophe for the inhabitants of one house but left a treasure trove for archaeologists. Its walls survived and everyday objects were left in the ruins where they had formerly been used. A long room with a hearth formed the centre of the house, with smaller rooms opening from it on either sided. A store room stocked with pottery jars and a kitchen. An earthern ramp gave access to the roof which would have provided additional working and sleeping space, and other rooms used for various domestic activities. (Cont.)