Tuesday, March 30, 2010

Mistery behind Secrets of the Cave painters Part .IV


In view of this discovery, some experts have excitedly compared the expressive power and vision of the cave painters to the likes of the Dutch painter Vincent Van. Gogh the difference is, however, that the paintings of chauvet-or at least some of them – are among the oldest in the world, and were probably painted for very different reasons. The latest research has shown that some paintings were completed by later Stone Age artists, sometimes after an interval of as much as several thousand years.

The old idea that mankind need many millennia to produce works of art is now obsolete. Even those scientists who had previously believed in the slow and gradual development of artistic quality, as shown in cave paintings had to acknowledge that the paintings from Chauvet are among the most carefully executed of their kind ever discovered. The naturalistic representation of animals, the accurate paintings, among with the intentional smudging of contours, the use of perspective all this was evidence of exceptional skill. So, advanced were the Stone Age painters that they could not only endow their creatures with a sense of size, but could also convey the impression of movement.

Unfortunately, the origin of the art of these unknown people remains hidden. Did the paintings have a connection to magic or religious ceremonies? Perhaps the answer lies waiting to be discovered in another of these subterranean museums.

Mistery behind Secrets of the Cave painters Part IIII


In 1985, half century after the discovery of Lascaux, the professional diver Henri Cosquer came across another treasure trove of prehistoric art. Between Cassis and Marseille in the south of France, at a depth of 35 m below sea level, Cosquer found a cave that created a sensation among pre historians. The oldest known works of art representing people and animals are 35,000 years old. But they cannot compare to the magnificent wall paintings which adorn Cosquer’s cave.

The carbon-14 dating method tells us that the oldest part of the cave is more than 28,000 years old. Like Lascaux and the other examples of cave paintings, Cosquer’s cave shows the great hunting scenes of the ice age. The small horses, the three penguins, the jelly fish, The great deer and deer and all the other animals that can be found in the grotto are just like the ghostly hand prints framed in blown red ochre early masterpieces of art.

The real sensation came in 1995 when the exact dating of the Chauvet Cave forced experts to revise radically their long established conceptions of the beginnings of painting. On the basis of the Chauvet finds, we can now say with certainty that prehistoric artists began to sale the heights of artistic achievement at least 33,000 years ago very much earlier than was previously assumed.

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Mistery behind Secrets of the Cave painters Part .II


For a long time, the Lascaux caves, located in the Dondogne region of central France, were the most famous prehistoric site. This was due to the age of paintings found there about 17,000 years old and because of their exceptional artistic quality.

The discovery, in 1940 of The Lascaux caves brought a great influx of visitors to the site, and aroused fears that the paintings might be damaged by increased humidity, Careless Contact and even Vandalism. The caves were closed to the public in 1963. But in order to permit people to view the paintings, researchers commissioned Lascaux II an exact copy of the cave, with its numerous treasures.

The first sight of the rock paintings is unforgettable and a mystery. Each animal seems to emerge from the rock face. The spine of a horse melts into a crevice, the muscle of a bison runs along a rock edge, and the neck of a bull follows the outlines of a ledge. The artists of Lascaux used the rough texture of the rock to give a three dimensional quality to their creations. By candlelight, the bulls come to life and fill the cave with their presence.

How did the paint? Where did they get their colors from? And how did they apply them? What is the mystery behind it?To be able to reconstruct the movements of our ancestors, it was necessary for painters and archaeologists to work side by side

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Mistery behind Secrets of the Cave painters Part .I


The works of pre historic cave painters provide a window into a vanished world, a time when bison and mammoths roamed the plains of Europe. The discovery of spectacular underground art galleries has stunned the world. First there was Lascaux, with its 17,000­-year-old cave paintings. Then came the finds at Cosquer, estimated to be about 28,000 year old. But the sensational discovery of the Chauvet cave in southern France in 1994 has shed new light on the very beginnings of human artistic genius.

The three cave explorers could hardly believe their eyes: after making their way down a long, narrow path, they entered an enormous gallery some dozens of meters underground. On one wall they saw three lines in ochre and a small red mammoth. With care Jean-Marie Chauvet, Eliette Brunel-Deschamps and Christian Hillaire walked to the end of the chamber. There, they found themselves surrounded by bison, rhinoceros, mammoths, horses, bears, wild cats and deer, all of which seemed to run across the walls of the cave.

The discovery of this staggering Stone Age art gallery took place in December 1994 in southeastern France, more precisely in the valley of the Ardeche, a tributary of Rhone River. The Chauvet cave, named after Jean Marie Chauvet, constitutes one of the most extraordinary archaeological finds of modern times. This is partly due to the works of art it contains, but the cave has also opened completely new perspectives for the study of the beginnings of art. These remarkable finds have led to new discussions of old questions: who were the first artists when and why did they start painting?

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Wednesday, March 24, 2010

Poompuhar : Underwater excavation in Tamil Nadu




Poompuhar is an ancient port city in Tamil Nadu, India. Its very old name in Tamil Poetic works and other literature are Puhar , Kaveripoompatinam etc. It is located in the mouth of river Kaveri in Southern Tamil Nadu. It was once a flourishing ancient Port city in the Early Chola Kingdom around 500AD.

The city was constructed in a well planned manner. The city had two distinct districts one near the sea and the other one to the west. The district near the sea was inhabited by the fisher folk, foreign traders,overseas travellers, and merchants. weavers, silk merchents vendors,potters and jewellers stayed there. The shipyard and ware house was there.And is named as Maruvurpakkam, to its west is Pattinapakkam. Kings and nobles, rich merchants, farmers, astrologers, dancers and army were stayed there.

In Silapathikaram one of the most famous five epics in Tamil Literature Poompuhar was extolled and heralded in detail. Other Tamil literature's like Manimekalai and Temple Inscriptions speaks loudly the fame of Puhar. Purananooru a very old poetic work also describe the city and the life of the Puhar people.


Big ships entered the port without any hassles and the precious goods arrived from other countries spread over the sea shore and the goods were stored in the huge warehouses and displayed in both day and night market for sale. Many very huge and high beautiful mansions are near the sea shore with high platform.

The Scientists believes that the ancient city was destroyed by Tsunami in 416 Ad possibly caused by Krakatoa event.

In 2006 National Institute of Ocean Technology conducted some surveys and showed the remains of the ancient port city well inside the sea two kilometers away. The record of Tamilians international trade and architectural marvelous sinks silently into the deep.