In the 1970s, John B. Calhoun, an American ethnologist, took four pairs of mice and placed them inside 'utopia.' This tank has all essentials: unlimited food and water supply, disease-free surroundings, and a prominent place to live inside. But after all this, the result is the death of mice. What are the reasons for their death, and what we humankind learn from this. Let's see in-depth about the experiment 'universe 25' and what lessons it brings to our human world.
The Experiment was named 'Universe 25' because after 24 failed attempts, the 25th attempt to create a paradise of mice before all rodents led to death as it's the 25th attempt so named 'Universe 25'.
The Universe 25 Experiment
Calhoun carried out the Experiment the Universe 25 to understand or to predict the human behavior and future of the human world. So, he introduced four pairs of healthy mice and put them in the huge tank. In the starting 104 days, mice are figuring out the Universe's space, habitat and begin making their own territory and space and starting nesting.
After they get accustomed to the surrounding area, the population starts increasing. After every 55 days, their population doubles.
Even after having a vast space in the enclosure, mice only gather at a few spaces inside it irrespective of most of the empty space. They are most crowded in specific areas. Food is everywhere in the utopia, but they are only crowded and have food only in particular areas. So, it's strange having plenty of food and space inside, but they gather at few places.
The population is increasing, and in just after 315 days, the population of mice reached 620. And from this time, Experiment begins to get close to the deadline.
There is some drastic change in the men population. They started attacking others and being aggressive. These mice were called the alpha mice, which indulged themselves in violent practices like a bloodbath, rape, attacks, etc. And they do this for no reason or without any motive.
And oppositely, some mice excluded themselves from these areas and from mating. They spend their time eating, sleeping. But often, these mice also fight between themselves. Some mice became the victim of these fights and got injured.
Course of the Experiment
From the 560th day, the 'death phase' begins. The new generation mice were not having feelings of social roles and were not like the old ones. They are not referring to the 'normal life.
These isolated mice have been given the name ' beautiful ones' as they have isolated themselves from other bloodthirsty, violent mice.
They separate themselves from society and play no role and responsibility towards society. They aren't interested in mating and marking their space or territory. Conversely, they spend their whole time eating, sleeping, grooming, and drinking.
Eventually, these beautiful ones' beaten the number of aggressive ones. But still, they decided to live singly without mating and playing other roles. They spend their time solely. Despite having all the things, they are living their lives with no sense of purpose and meaning.
And due to these differences and no mating and not building their society, the population started decreasing, and there were no mice left at all. They all died.
Intimations for Humanity
The Universe 25 experiment gives hints of the demise of human society and humankind. Like the beautiful ones' had no purpose and role model in the environment, if there is no danger, hard work, and no model in life, humans will also become like beautiful ones, which has no meaning in their lives.
There is much to do than just eating, drinking, and sleeping. Meaning in life is needed for better living. In the future, it is expected that the condition of the Experiment may be achievable.
Also, the increasing population leads to circumstances like violation and aggressive nature for no reason. The resources will be reduced and many other diverse effects. So, the population needs to be controlled, and we must take lessons from this Experiment.
The beautiful ones' had two deaths, first the death of their spirit and second the body's death. Like in the Universe, the aggressive ones attacked others and isolated them. So, the human population should also control our resources not to face problems due to overpopulation.